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Physical Activity and Gastrointestinal Cancer Prevention

  • Kathleen Y. Wolin
  • Hallie Tuchman
Chapter
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 186)

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer globally and is a leading cause of cancer death. Gastric cancer contributes significantly to the global cancer burden, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We reviewed the literature for studies on physical activity or exercise and colon, rectal, and gastric cancers as well as colonic adenomatous polyps. We identified 52 studies of colon cancer, 31 studies of rectal cancer, 23 studies of colon polyps, and 16 studies of gastric cancer. Of the 52 studies of physical activity and colon cancer, 37 found a statistically significant association between increased levels of physical activity and decreased colon cancer risk in at least one comparison. Accumulated evidence suggests that physical activity is associated with a 25% reduction in colon cancer risk. In line with previous reports, we found no indication that the association was more pronounced for occupational versus recreational physical activity, with both resulting in a risk reduction of about 22%. Evidence for other domains of physical activity (i.e., transportation or household physical activity) is limited. Evidence is emerging that individuals who are consistently active across the lifetime may obtain greater risk reductions than those who are only active in recent years. Despite consistent associations with colon cancer, evidence is more limited though suggestive that physical activity reduces risk of colon adenomas or adenoma recurrence. There is clear evidence that physical activity is not associated with rectal or gastric cancers.

Keywords

Physical Activity Gastric Cancer Colon Cancer Rectal Cancer Colon Polyp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen Y. Wolin
    • 1
  • Hallie Tuchman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

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