Skip to main content

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Part of the Pediatric Oncology book series (PEDIATRICO)

Abstract

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been practiced for at least 2000 years in China. It is based on two fundamental theories, yin-yang and five elements (wu xing), which together explain all change as well as all natural phenomena in the universe, including human beings (Li and Cheng 1987). Yin-yang theory posits that the universe is a whole composed of two opposites, yin and yang, which are interdependent and can transform into each other. Their equilibrium ensures that harmony, including the harmony of the body, is maintained.

Keywords

  • Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • Chinese Herbal Medicine
  • Pediatric Oncology
  • Blood Stasis
  • Acupoint Injection

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-04201-0_9
  • Chapter length: 11 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-04201-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   149.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Bensky D, Barolet R (1990) Chinese herbal medicine: formulas and strategies. Eastland Press, Seattle

    Google Scholar 

  • Bensky D, Gamble A (1993) Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, Revised edition. Eastland Press, Seattle

    Google Scholar 

  • Capodice JL (2010) Acupuncture in the oncology setting: clinical trial update. Curr Treat Options Oncol 11(3–4):87–94

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chen Z, Wu Y (2004) Application of integrated traditional and Western methods for treating children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 25 cases. J Sichuan TCM 22(11):68–69

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen SN, Yu F, Cai WG, Zhang B, Hu Y, Yang YM, Zhang YZ, Zhang JH (2008) Integrated traditional and Western medicine in treatment of advanced neuroblastoma in 44 reported cases. Chinese J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 13(4):178–180

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheng X (ed) (1999) Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion. Foreign Languages Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  • Dundee JW, Ghaly RG, Fitzpatrick KT, Abram WP, Lynch GA (1989) Acupuncture prophylaxis of cancer chemotherapy-induced sickness. J R Soc Med 82:268–271

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dune LS, Shiao SY (2006) Metaanalysis of acustimulation effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting in children. Explore (NY) 2(4):314–20

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ezzo JM, Richardson MA, Vickers A, Allen C, Dibble SL, Issell BF, Lao L, Pearl M, Ramirez G, Roscoe J, Shen J, Shivnan JC, Streitberger K, Treish I, Zhang G (2006a) Acupuncture-point stimulation for chemotherapy-induced nausea or vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2):CD002285

    Google Scholar 

  • Ezzo JM, Richardson MA, Vickers A, Allen C, Dibble SL, Issell BF, Lao L, Pearl M, Ramirez G, Roscoe J, Shen J, Shivnan JC, Streitberger K, Treish I, Zhang G. Acupuncture-point stimulation for chemotherapy-induced nausea or vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006b;(2):CD002285.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gai YH (2002) Clinical report on the Di Huang He Ji treatment of childhood leukemia: 30 cases. J Appl Clin Pediatr 17(5):550–551

    Google Scholar 

  • Gao JC, Wang YP (2003) Modern pediatric oncology. Fudan University Press, Shanghai, pp 254–256

    Google Scholar 

  • Gottschling S, Reindl TK, Meyer S, Berrang J, Henze G, Graeber S, Ong MF, Graf N (2008) Acupuncture to alleviate chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in pediatric oncology. A randomized multicenter crossover pilot trial. Klin Padiatr 220(6):365–70, Epub 2008 Oct 23

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hamidah A, Rustam ZA, Tamil AM, Zarina LA, Zulkifli ZS, Jamal R (2009) Prevalence and parental perceptions of complementary and alternative medicine use by children with cancer in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian population. Pediatr Blood Cancer 52:70–74

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jindal V, Ge A, Mansky P (2008) Safety and efficacy of acupuncture in children; a review of the evidence. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 30(6):431–442

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kemper KJ, Sarah R, Silver-Highfield E, Xiarhos E, Barnes L, Berde C (2000) On pins and needles? Pediatric pain patients’ experience with acupuncture. Pediatrics 105(4 Pt 2):941–7

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ladas EJ, Post-White J, Hawks R, Taromina K (2006) Evidence for symptom management in the child with cancer. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 28(9):601–15

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lao L (1999) Traditional Chinese medicine, part III, chapter 12. In: Jonas WB, Levin JS (eds) Essentials of complementary and alternative medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia

    Google Scholar 

  • Lao L, Hamilton G, Fu J, Berman B (2003) Is acupuncture safe? A systematic review of case reports. Altern Ther 9(1):72–83

    Google Scholar 

  • Li JW, Cheng ZF (eds) (1987) China’s encyclopedia of medicine, history of medicine (Zhong Guo Yi Xue Bai Ke Quan Shu, Yi Xue Shi). Science and Technology Publishers, Shanghai (Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Lin YC, Lee AC, Kemper KJ, Berde CB (2005) Use of complementary and alternative medicine in pediatric pain management service: a survey. Pain Med 6(6):452–8

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lu W, Rosenthal DS (2010a) Recent advances in oncology acupuncture and safety considerations in practice. Curr Treat Options Oncol 11(3–4):141–6

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lu W, Rosenthal DS (2010b) Recent advances in oncology acupuncture and safety considerations in practice. Curr Treat Options Oncol 11(3–4):141–6

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • O’Sullivan EM, Higginson IJ (2010) Clinical effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of irradiation-induced xerostomia in patients with head and neck cancer: a systematic review. Acupunct Med 28(4):191–9, Epub 2010 Nov 9

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Quimby EL (2007) The use of herbal therapies in pediatric oncology patients: treating symptoms of cancer and side effects of standard therapies. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 24(1):35–40

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Reindl TK, Geilen W, Hartmann R, Wiebelitz KR, Kan G, Wilhelm I, Lugauer S, Behrens C, Weiberlenn T, Hasan C, Gottschling S, Wild-Bergner T, Henze G, Driever PH (2006) Acupuncture against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in pediatric oncology. Interim results of a multicenter crossover study. Support Care Cancer 14(2):172–6, Epub 2005 Jul 14

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Shi X (2009) Effect of strengthening the body and invigorating the spleen with chemotherapy on survival time in children with solid tumors. J Cancer Res Clinc 21(3):166–167,171

    Google Scholar 

  • Shi X, Zhu XD, Wang HM, Qin H, Li HT, Cheng HY (2007) Clinical observation on strengthening the body and invigorating the spleen with chemotherapy in children with solid tumors. Chinese J Integr Tradit West Med 27(6):542–545

    Google Scholar 

  • Stux G, Pomeranz B (1987) Acupuncture: textbook and atlas. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Su Q (2002) Adjuvant treatment of children’s acute leukemia with qingbai tang. J Jilin TCM 22(1):30–31

    Google Scholar 

  • Suresh S (2004) Chronic and cancer pain management. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 17:253–259

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wang L (2007) Clinical observation on shenqi fuzheng injection in preventing and treating adverse reactions to chemotherapy for lymphoma. Chinese Pediatr Emerg Med 14(3):261–262

    Google Scholar 

  • Wang JW (2010) Matrine injection combined with chemotherapy in treatment of children with solid tumors. Eval Anal Drug Use Chin Hosp 10(2):170–171

    Google Scholar 

  • Wang SM, Kain ZN (2002) P6 acupoint injections are as effective as droperidol in controlling early postoperative nausea and vomiting in children. Anesthesiology 97:359–366

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Weidong Lu, Posner MR, Wayne P, Rosenthal DS, Haddad RI (2010) Acupuncture for dysphagia after chemoradiation therapy in head and neck cancer: a case series report. Integr Cancer Ther 9(3):284–90, Epub 2010 Aug 16

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wong R, Sagar S (2006) Acupuncture treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy – a case series. Acupunct Med 24:87–91

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Xie T (1999) Clinical observation of fu zheng lin on decreasing side effects of chemotherapy in acute childhood leukemia. J Fujian TCM 30(4):15

    Google Scholar 

  • Xu YH, Dai BT, Yu J, Xu XY, Xiong DS, Cai E (2005) Clinical study on the treatment of acute childhood leukemia using yibai shengxue syrup with chemotherapy. Chongqing Med J 34(2):181–182

    Google Scholar 

  • Yeh CH, Tsai JL, Li W, Chen HM, Lee SC, Lin CF, Yang CP (2000) Use of alternative therapy among pediatric oncology patients in Taiwan. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 17(1):55–65

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang ZJ (1955) Discussion of cold-induced disorders (Shang Han Lun). Eastern Han Dynasty, 196-204 A.D. Chongqing People’s Publishers, Chongqing (Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang ZN (1998) Blood disease diagnosis and efficacy standards. Economic Science Press, Beijing, pp 174–184

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhou YQ (2006) Practical traditional chinese oncology. Chinese Classics Publishing House, Beijing, pp 14–17

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Lixing Lao Ph.D. .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Lao, L., Xu, L., Xu, S. (2012). Traditional Chinese Medicine. In: Längler, A., Mansky, P., Seifert, G. (eds) Integrative Pediatric Oncology. Pediatric Oncology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04201-0_9

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04201-0_9

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-04200-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-04201-0

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)