Preimage Attacks on One-Block MD4, 63-Step MD5 and More

  • Kazumaro Aoki
  • Yu Sasaki
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5381)


This paper shows preimage attacks on one-block MD4 and MD5 reduced to 63 (out of 64) steps. Our attacks are based on the meet-in-the-middle attack, and many additional improvements make the preimage computable faster than that of the brute-force attack, 2128 hash computation. A preimage of one-block MD4 can be computed in the complexity of the 2107 MD4 compression function computation, and a preimage of MD5 reduced to 63 steps can be computed in the complexity of the 2121 MD5 compression function computation. Moreover, we optimize the computational order of the brute-force attack against MD5, and a preimage of full-round MD5 can be computed in the complexity of the 2127 MD5 compression function computation.


MD5 MD4 meet-in-the-middle local collision one-way preimage 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazumaro Aoki
    • 1
  • Yu Sasaki
    • 1
  1. 1.NTTTokyoJapan

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