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Diacylglycerol Pyrophosphate, A Novel Plant Signaling Lipid

  • Emmanuelle JeannetteEmail author
  • Sophie Paradis
  • Christine Zalejski
Chapter
Part of the Plant Cell Monographs book series (CELLMONO, volume 16)

Abstract

Diacylglycerol pyrophosphate (DGPP) is a phosphorylated form of phosphatidic acid (PA) found in plants and yeast but not in mammals. DGPP is a minor lipid that accumulates transiently under various abiotic stresses and during biotic interactions. DGPP formation may be a way of attenuating PA content, but DGPP itself might also be a signaling lipid. DGPP is the product of the phosphorylation of PA catalyzed by PA kinase (PAK). Unfortunately, studies describing the role of PAK are limited as gene encoding PAK has not been identified yet. DGPP is dephosphorylated by lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP) activity to produce PA. LPPs with DGPP phosphatase activity are found in a wide variety of organisms including bacteria, yeast, plants, and mammals. In Arabidopsis, four genes encoding LPPs have been identified, and a role for DGPP in abscisic acid signaling is becoming apparent.

Keywords

Phosphatidic Acid Phosphatidic Acid Phosphatidyl Choline Diacylglycerol Kinase Abscisic Acid Signaling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge Prof. Emile Miginiac and Dr Bruno Sotta for critical reading of the manuscript. We thank Dr Régis Maldiney for his help in drawing the figures. This work was supported by grants from Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Enseignement Supérieur-France to SP and CZ.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuelle Jeannette
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sophie Paradis
  • Christine Zalejski
  1. 1.Physiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire des PlantesUR5 Université Pierre et Marie CurieIvry-sur-SeineFrance

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