Advertisement

Phosphoinositides and Plant Cell Wall Synthesis

  • Ruiqin Zhong
  • Ryan L. McCarthy
  • Zheng-Hua YeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Plant Cell Monographs book series (CELLMONO, volume 16)

Abstract

Phosphoinositides are lipid second messengers known to be important for many cellular processes in yeast, including actin cytoskeletal organization, vesicle transport, and cell wall assembly. In plant cells, studies on phosphoinositide phosphatases and kinases suggest that phosphoinositides are involved in the regulation of actin cytoskeletal organization, cell wall synthesis, and cell morphogenesis. It is hypothesized that phosphoinositides may regulate the transport of vesicles carrying cell wall biosynthetic enzymes and wall components, thereby influencing cell wall synthesis and cell morphogenesis.

Keywords

Root Hair Secondary Cell Wall Cell Wall Synthesis Cortical Microtubule Vesicle Trafficking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Audhya A, Foti M, Emr SD (2000) Distinct roles for the yeast phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases, Stt4p and Pik1p, in secretion, cell growth, and organelle membrane dynamics. Mol Biol Cell 11:2673–2689PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bannigan A, Baskin TI (2005) Directional cell expansion – turning toward actin. Curr Opin Plant Biol 8:619–624CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Burk DH, Ye Z-H (2002) Alteration of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils by mutation of a katanin-like microtubule severing protein. Plant Cell 14:2145–2160CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Burk DH, Zhong R, Morrison WHIII, Ye Z-H (2006) Disruption of cortical microtubules by overexpression of green fluorescent protein-tagged α-tubulin 6 causes a marked reduction in cell wall synthesis. J Integr Plant Biol 48:85–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Despres B, Bouissonnié F, Wu H-J, Gomord V, Guilleminot J, Grellet F, Berger F, Delseny M, Devic M (2003) Three SAC1-like genes show overlapping patterns of expression in Arabidopsis but are remarkably silent during embryo development. Plant J 34:293–306CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Dhonukshe P, Laxalt AM, Goedhart J, Gadella TWJ, Munnik T (2003) Phospholipase D activation correlates with microtubule reorganization in living plant cells. Plant Cell 15:2666–2679CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Ercetin ME, Gillaspy GE (2004) Molecular characterization of an Arabidopsis gene encoding a phospholipid-specific inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase. Plant Physiol 135:938–946CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Foti M, Audhya A, Emr SD (2001) Sac1 lipid phosphatase and Stt4 phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase regulate a pool of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate that functions in the control of the actin cytoskeleton and vacuole morphology. Mol Biol Cell 12:2396–2411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gardiner J, Collings DA, Harper JDI, Marc J (2003) The effects of the phospholipase D-antagonist 1-butanol on seedling development and microtubule organisation in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Physiol 44:687–696CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Guo S, Stolz LE, Lemrow SM, York JD (1999) SAC1-like domains of yeast SAC1, INP52, INP53 and of human synaptojanin encode polyphosphoinositide phosphatases. J Biol Chem 274:12990–12995CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Hama H, Schnieders EA, Thoener J, Takemoto JY, DeWald DB (1999) Direct involvement of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate in secretion in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 274:34294–34300CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hu Y, Zhong R, Morrison WH, Ye Z-H (2003) The Arabidopsis RHD3 gene is required for cell wall biosynthesis and actin organization. Planta 217:912–921CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hughes WE, Woscholski R, Cooke FT, Patrick RS, Dove SK, McDonald NQ, Parker PJ (2000) SAC1 encodes a regulated lipid phosphoinositide phosphatase, defects in which can be suppressed by the homologous Inp52p and Inp53p phosphatases. J Biol Chem 275:801–808CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Jung J-Y, Kim Y-W, Kwak JM, Hwanga J-U, Young J, Schroeder JI, Hwang I, Lee Y (2002) Phosphatidylinositol 3- and 4-phosphate are required for normal stomatal movements. Plant Cell 14:2399–2412CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim DH, Eu Y-J, Yoo CM, Kim Y-W, Pih KT, Jin JB, Kim SJ, Stenmark H, Hwang I (2001) Trafficking of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate from the trans-Golgi network to the lumen of the central vacuole in plant cells. Plant Cell 13:287–301CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Kochendorfer KU, Then AR, Kearns BG, Bankaitis VA, Mayinger P (1999) Sac1p plays a crucial role in microsomal ATP transport, which is distinct from its function in Golgi phospholipid metabolism. EMBO J 18:1506–1515CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kusano H, Testerink C, Vermeer JEM, Tsuge T, Shimada H, Oka A, Munnik T, Aoyama T (2008) The Arabidopsis phosphatidylinositol phosphate 5-kinase PIP5K3 is a key regulator of root hair tip growth. Plant Cell 20:367–380CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Meijer HJG, Munnik T (2003) Phospholipid-based signaling in plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol 54:265–306CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Minagawa T, Ijuin T, Mochizuki Y, Takenawa T (2001) Identification and characterization of a Sac domain-containing phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase. J Biol Chem 276:22011–22015CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Mueller-Roeber B, Pical C (2002) Inositol phospholipid metabolism in Arabidopsis. Characterization and putative isoforms of inositol phospholipid kinase and phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C. Plant Physiol 130:22–46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Nemoto Y, Kearns BG, Wenk MR, Chen H, Mori K, Alb JG, Camilli PD, Bankaitis VA (2000) Functional characterization of a mammalian Sac1 and mutants exhibiting substrate-specific defects in phosphoinositide phosphatase activity. J Biol Chem 275:34293–34305CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Preuss ML, Schmitz AJ, Thole JM, Bonner HKS, Otegui MS, Nielsen E (2006) A role for the RabA4b effector protein PI-4Kbeta1 in polarized expansion of root hair cells in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Cell Biol 172:991–998CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Qin C, Wang C, Wang X (2002) Kinetic analysis of Arabidopsis phospholipase Dδ. J Biol Chem 277:49685–49690CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Rudge SA, Anderson DM, Emr SD (2004) Vacuole size control: regulation of PtdIns(3, 5)P2 levels by the vacuole-associated Vac14-Fig4 complex, a PtdIns(3, 5)P2-specific phosphatase. Mol Biol Cell 15:24–36CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Samalova M, Fricker M, Moore I (2008) Quantitative and qualitative analysis of plant membrane traffic using fluorescent proteins. Methods Cell Biol 85:353–380CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Schorr M, Then A, Tahirovic S, Hug N, Mayinger P (2001) The phosphoinositide phosphatase Sac1p controls trafficking of the yeast Chs3p chitin synthase. Curr Biol 11:1421–1426CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Simonsen A, Wurmser AE, Emr SD, Stenmark H (2001) The role of phosphoinositides in membrane transport. Curr Opin Cell Biol 13:485–492CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Stenzel I, Ischebeck T, Konig S, Holubowska A, Sporysz M, Hause B, Heilmann I (2008) The type B phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase 3 is essential for root hair formation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell 20:124–141CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Takenawa T, Itoh T (2001) Phosphoinositides, key molecules for regulation of actin cytoskeletal organization and membrane traffic from the plasma membrane. Biochim Biophys Acta 1533:190–206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Thole JM, Vermeer JE, Zhang Y, Gadella TWJ, Nielsen E (2008) Root hair defective4 encodes a phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate phosphatase required for proper root hair development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell 20:381–395CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. van Leeuwen W, Vermeer JE, Gadella TW, Munnik T (2007) Visualization of phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate in the plasma membrane of suspension-cultured tobacco BY-2 cells and whole Arabidopsis seedlings. Plant J 52:10141026Google Scholar
  32. Vermeer JE, van Leeuwen W, Tobena-Santamaria R, Laxalt AM, Jones DR, Divecha N, Gadella TW, Munnik T (2006) Visualization of PtdIns3P dynamics in living plant cells. Plant J 47:687–700CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Vermeer JEM, Thole JM, Goedhart J, Nielsen E, Munnik T, Gadella TWJ Jr (2009) Visualisation of PtdIns4P dynamics in living plant cells. Plant J. 57:356–372CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Walch-Solimena C, Novick P (1999) The yeast phosphatidylinositol-4-OH kinase pik1 regulates secretion at the Golgi. Nat Cell Biol 1:523–525CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Williams ME, Torabinejad J, Cohick E, Parker K, Drake EJ, Thompson JE, Hortter M, DeWald DB (2005) Mutations in the Arabidopsis phosphoinositide phosphatase gene SAC9 lead to overaccumulation of PtdIns(4, 5)P2 and constitutive expression of the stress-response pathway. Plant Physiol 138:686–700CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhong R, Ye Z-H (2003) The SAC domain-containing protein gene family in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 132:544–555CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhong R, Ye Z-H (2004) Molecular and biochemical characterization of three WD-repeat domain-containing inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatases in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol 45:1720–1728CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhong R, Burk DH, Morrison WHIII, Ye Z-H (2004) FRAGILE FIBER3, an Arabidopsis gene encoding a type II inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase, is required for secondary wall synthesis and action organization in fiber cells. Plant Cell 16:3242–3259CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhong R, Burk DH, Nairn CJ, Wood-Jones A, Morrison WHIII, Ye Z-H (2005) Mutation of SAC1, an Arabidopsis SAC domain phosphoinositide phosphatase, causes alterations in cell morphogenesis, cell wall synthesis, and actin organization. Plant Cell 17:1449–1466CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

Personalised recommendations