A Novel AoA Positioning Solution for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Based on Six-Port Technology

  • Peter Brida
  • Norbert Majer
  • Jan Duha
  • Peter Cepel
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 308)


Mobile device positioning in ad hoc networks is a crucial issue due to the network properties and hardware limitations of particular devices (nodes). In this paper, a new conception of mobile device based on software defined radio architecture for mobile positioning in ad hoc networks is proposed. Six-port technology is implemented into our software defined radio receiver. Angle of arrival localization method as self positioning approach is implemented. The aim of the paper is to present an interaction of specific positioning method with proposed receiver conception. Moreover, we analyze various situation scenarios and their impact on the positioning accuracy, e.g., mutual position of the nodes, radio channel characteristics.


Angle of arrival method mobile positioning positioning error wire-less ad hoc networks software defined radio receiver six-port technology 


  1. 1.
    Niculescu, D., Nath, B.: Ad hoc Positioning System (APS). In: Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2001, vol. 5, pp. 2926–2931 (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bachrach, J., Taylor, C.: Localization in Sensor Networks. In: Stojmenović, I. (ed.) Handbook of sensor networks: algorithms and architectures, pp. 277–310. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jayashree, L.S., Arumugam, S., Anusha, M., Hariny, A.B.: On the Accuracy of Centroid based Multilateration Procedure for Location Discovery in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Proc. Wireless and Optical Communications Networks (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ilyas, M., Mahgoub, I.: Handbook of Sensor Networks: Compact Wireless and Wired Sensing Systems, 672 pages. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Voddiek, M., Wiebking, L., Gulden, P., Wieghardt, J., Hoffmann, C., Heide, P.: Wireless local positioning. IEEE Microwave Magazine 4, 77–86 (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Drane, C.: Positioning GSM telephones. IEEE Communications Magazine 36(4), 46–59 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Caffery Jr., J.J.: Wireless Location in CDMA Cellular Radio Systems, 1st edn. Kluwer Academic Publishers, University of Cincinnati (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rappaport, T.S., Reed, J.H., Woerner, B.D.: Position Location Using Wireless Communications on Highways of the Future. IEEE Communications Magazine 34(10), 33–41 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xu, X., Wu, K., Bosisio, R.G.: Software Defined Radio Receiver Based on Six-Port Technology. In: Microwave Symposium Digest, 2003 IEEE MTT-S International, vol. 2, pp. 1059–1062 (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bilík, V.: Six-port Measurement Technique: Principles, Impact, Applications, (2008-03-20)
  11. 11.
    Kernévès, D., Huyart, B., Begaud, X., Bergeault, E., Jallet, L.: Direction Finding with SIX-PORT Reflectometer Array. In: 8th COST 260 Management Committee and Working Groups Meeting in Rennes, France, (2000)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Janaswamy, R.: Radiowave Propagation and Smart Antennas for Wireless Communications, p. 297. Kluwer, Dordrecht (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tatu, S.O., Wu, K., Denidni, T.A.: Direction-of-arrival estimation method based on six-port technology. IEE Proc.-Microw. Antennas Propag. 153(3), 263–269 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yakabe, T., Fengchao Xiao Iwamoto, K., Ghannouchi, F.M., Fujii, K., Yabe, H.: Six-Port Based Wave-Correlator with Application to Beam Direction Finding. IEEE Transactions on instrumentation and Measurement 50(2), 377–380 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Huyart, B., Laurin, J.J., Bosisio, R.G., Roscoe, D.: A direction-finding antenna system using an integrated six-port circuit. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 43(12), 1508–1512 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Brida
    • 1
  • Norbert Majer
    • 1
  • Jan Duha
    • 1
  • Peter Cepel
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Telecommunications and MultimediaUniversity of ZilinaZilinaSlovakia
  2. 2.Siemens Program and System Engineering s.r.o., Telco & Media MobileZilinaSlovakia

Personalised recommendations