Advertisement

Plants and Plant Products

Chapter

Abstract

Plants are a common and likely the largest source of contact dermatitis. Phytochemicals, although belonging to various families, may be common to phylogenetically different plant families and induce different clinical types of dermatitis through different mechanisms. Irritant contact dermatitis is frequent, due to calcium oxalate (Amaryllidaceae, Araceae, Liliaceae), isothiocyanates (Brassicaceae), esters of phorbol or of ingenol (Euphorbiaceae), or protoanemonin (Ranunculaceae). Phototoxicity due to furanocoumarins-psoralens (Apiaceae, Moraceae, Rutaceae), or furoquinolines (Rutaceae), underlies Oppenheim dermatitis and variants. Allergic contact dermatitis can be due to many phytoallergens like alpha-methylene gamma-butyrolactone (Alstroemeriaceae and Liliaceae), close allergens from the Anacardiaceae, Ginkgoaceae, and Proteaceae families, falcarinol (Araliaceae, Apiaceae) or sesquiterpene lactones (Asteraceae, Jubulaceae, Lauraceae, etc.).

Keywords

Contact Dermatitis Patch Test Allergic Contact Dermatitis Sesquiterpene Lactone Irritant Contact Dermatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Fregert S (1975) Occupational dermatitis in a 10-year material. Contact Derm 1:96–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Paulsen E, Sogaard J, Andersen KE (1997) Occupational dermatitis in Danish gardeners and greenhouse workers. I. Prevalence and possible risk factors. Contact Derm 37:263–270PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Paulsen E (1998) Occupational dermatitis in Danish gardeners and greenhouse workers. II. Etiological factors. Contact Derm 38:14–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Evans FJ, Schmidt RJ (1980) Plants and plant products that induce contact dermatitis. Planta Med 38:289–316PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mitchell J, Rook A (1979) Botanical dermatology. Plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Greengrass, VancouverGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lovell CR (1993) Plants and the skin. Blackwell Scientific, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sell Y, Benezra C, Guérin B (2002) Plantes et réactions cutanées. John Libbey Eurotext, ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Benezra C, Ducombs G, Sell Y, Foussereau J (1985) Plant contact dermatitis. Decker, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Behl PN, Captain RM (1979) Skin-irritant and sensitizing plants found in India. Chand, Ram Nagar, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schmidt RJ (2005) The botanical dermatology database: homepage. (See http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/index.html)
  11. 11.
    Rzeznik JC, Sell Y (2009) Botaderma database: homepage. (See http://botaderma.com/plante/index.php?page=accueil)
  12. 12.
    Bourrain JL (2001) Les agents étiologiques des urticaires de contact. Ann Derm Venereol (Stockh) 128:1363–1366Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Guin JD (2000) Occupational contact dermatitis to plants. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P, Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology. Springer, Berlin, pp 730–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Couplan F, Styner E (1004) Guide des plantes sauvages comestibles et toxiques. Delachaux et Niestlé, LausanneGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Norup E, Smitt UW, Brøgger Christensen S (1986) The potencies of thapsigargin and analogues as activators of rat peritoneal mast cells. Planta Med 52:251–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brøgger Christensen S, Norup E, Rasmussen U (1984) Chemistry and structure-activity relationship of the histamine secretagogue thapsigargin and related compounds. In: Krogsgaard-Larsen P, Brøgger Christensen S, Kofod H (eds) Natural products and drug development. Munksgaard, Copenhagen, pp 405–418 (Alfred Benzon Symposium 20)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Estlander T, Kanerva L, Tupasela O, Jolanki R (1988) Occupational contact urticaria and type I sensitization caused by gerbera. Contact Derm 38:118–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Le Coz CJ (2001) Fiche d’éviction. Hypersensibilité au latex ou caoutchouc naturel. Ann Dermatol Venereol 128: 577–578PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dooms-Goossens A, Deveylder H, Duron C, Dooms M, Degreef H (1986) Airborne contact urticaria due to cinchona. Contact Derm 15:258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hjorth N, Roed-Petersen J (1976) Occupational protein contact dermatitis in food handlers. Contact Derm 2:28–42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hannuksela M, Lahti A (1977) Immediate reactions to fruits and vegetables. Contact Derm 3:79–84PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kaupinnen K, Kousa M, Reunala T (1980) Aromatic plants – a cause of severe attacks of angio-edema and urticaria. Contact Derm 6:251–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Veien NK, Hattel T, Justesen O, Norholm A (1983) Causes of eczema in the food industry. Derm Beruf Umwelt 31:84–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Janssens V, Morren M, Dooms-Goossens A, Degreef H (1995) Protein contact dermatitis: myth or reality? Br J Dermatol 132:1–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Karpman RR, Spark RP, Fried M (1980) Cactus thorn injuries to the extremities: their management and etiology. Ariz Med 37:849–851PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Spoerke DG, Spoerke SE (1991) Granuloma formation induced by spines of the cactus, Opuntia acanthocarpa. Vet Hum Toxicol 33:342–344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shanon J, Sagher F (1956) Sabra dermatitis. An occupational dermatitis due to prickly pear handling simulating scabies. AMA Arch Dermatol 74:269–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Snyder DS, Hatfield GM, Lampe KF (1979) Examination of the itch response from the raphides of the fishtail palm Caryota mitis Lour. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 48:287–292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Salinas ML, Ogura T, Soffchi L (2001) Irritant contact dermatitis caused by needle-like calcium oxalate crystals, raphides, in Agave tequilana among workers in tequila distilleries and agave plantations. Contact Derm 44:94–96PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Morton JF (1972) Cocoyams (Xanthosoma caracu, X. atrovirens and X. nigrum), ancient root- and leaf-vegetables, gaining in economic importance. Proc Fl State Hort Soc 85:85–94Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Walter WG, Khanna PN (1972) Chemistry of the aroids. I. Dieffenbachia seguine, amoena, and pitta. Econ Bot 26:364–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Metin A, Çalka O, Behçet L, Yildirim E (2001) Phytodermatitis from Ranunculus damascenus. Contact Derm 44:183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gude M, Hausen BM, Heitsch H, König WA (1988) An investigation of the irritant and allergenic properties of daffodils (Narcissus pseudonarcissus L., Amaryllidaceae. A review of daffodil dermatitis. Contact Derm 19:1–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bonnevie P (1939) Aetiologie und Pathogenese der Ekzemkrankheiten. Nyt Nordisk Forlag, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Schwartz RS, Downham TF (1981) Erythema multiforme associated with Rhus contact dermatitis. Cutis 27:85–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Holst R, Kirby J, Magnusson B (1976) Sensitization to tropical woods giving erythema multiforme-like eruptions. Contact Derm 2:295–296PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Martin P, Bergoend H, Piette F (1980) Erythema multiforme-like eruption from Brasilian rosewood. 5th International Symposium on Contact Dermatitis, 28–30 March 1980, Barcelona, SpainGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Irvine C, Reynolds A, Finlay AY (1988) Erythema multiforme-like reaction to “rosewood”. Contact Derm 19:224–225PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Athavale PN, Shum KW, Gasson P, Gawkrodger DJ (2003) Occupational hand dermatitis in a wood turner due to rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia. Contact Derm 48:345–346PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    García-Bravo B, Rodriguez-Pichardo A, Fernandez de Pierola S, Camacho F (1995) Airborne erythema-multiforme-like eruption due to pyrethrum. Contact Derm 33:433PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Le Coz CJ, Lepoittevin JP (2001) Occupational erythema-multiforme-like dermatitis from sensitization to costus resinoid, followed by flare-up and systemic contact dermatitis from β-cyclocostunolide in a chemistry student. Contact Derm 44:310–311PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ducombs G, Félix B, Allery JP (1996) Erythème polymorphe-like dû au bois d’Olon. A propos d’un nouveau cas. Lett GERDA 13:70–71Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Hjorth N, Roed-Petersen J, Thomsen K (1976) Airborne contact dermatitis from Compositae oleoresins simulating photodermatitis. Br J Dermatol 95:613–620PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Paulsen E, Christensen LP, Andersen KE (2007) Compositae dermatitis from airborne parthenolide. Br J Dermatol 156:510–515PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Schmidt RJ (1986) Compositae. Clin Dermatol 4:46–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Christensen LP (1999) Direct release of the allergen tulipalin A from Alstroemeria cut flowers: a possible source of airborne contact dermatitis? Contact Derm 41:320–324PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Foussereau J, Muller JC, Benezra C (1975) Contact allergy to Frullania and Laurus Nobilis: cross-sensitization and chemical structure of the allergens. Contact Derm 1:223–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Thune PO, Solberg YJ (1980) Photosensitivity and allergy to aromatic lichen acids, Compositae oleoresins and other plant substances. Contact Derm 6:64–71PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Thune PO, Solberg YJ (1980) Photosensitivity and allergy to aromatic lichen acids, Compositae oleoresins and other plant substances. Contact Derm 6:81–87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Watsky KL (1997) Airborne allergic contact dermatitis from pine dust. Am J Contact Dermat 8:118–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Fisher AA (1965) The poison “Rhus” plants. Cutis 1: 230–236Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Sharma VK, Sethuraman G, Tejasvi T (2004) Comparison of patch test contact sensitivity to acetone and aqueous extracts of Parthenium hysterophorus in patients with airborne contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 50:230–232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Oppenheim M (1932) Dermatite bulleuse striée, consécutive aux bains de soleil dans les prés. (Dermatitis bullosa striata pratensis.). Ann Derm Venereol (Stockh) 3:1–7Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kissmeyer A (1933) Dermatite bulleuse striée des prés. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syphiligr 40:1486–1489Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Freeman K, Hubbard HC, Warin AP (1984) Strimmer rash. Contact Derm 10:117–118PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Ippen H (1984) Photodermatitis bullosa generalisata. Derm Beruf Umwelt 32:134–137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Tunget CL, Turchen SG, Manoguerra AS, Clark RF, Pudoff DE (1994) Sunlight and the plant: a toxic combination: severe phytophotodermatitis from Cneoridium dumosum. Cutis 54:400–402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Qadripur SA, Gründer K (1975) Kasuistischer Beitrag über Gruppenerkrankung mit Photodermatitis bullosa striata pratensis (Oppenheim). Hautarzt 26:495–497PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Campbell AN, Cooper CE, Dahl MGC (1982) “Non-accidental injury” and wild parsnips. Br Med J 284:708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Pathak MA, Daniels F, Fitzpatrick TB (1962) The presently known distribution of furocoumarins (psoralens) in plants. J Invest Dermatol 39:225–239PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Wagner AM, Wu JJ, Hansen RC, Nigg HN, Beiere RC (2002) Bullous phytophotodermatitis associated with high natural concentrations of furanocoumarins in limes. Am J Contact Dermat 13:10–14PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    SchempP CM, Schöpf E, Simon JC (1999) Dermatitis bullosa striata pratensis durch Ruta graveolens L. (Gartenraute). Hautartz 50:432–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Schempp CM, Sonntag M, Schöpf E, Simon JC (1996) Dermatitis bullosa striata pratensis durch Dictamnus albus L. (Brennender Busch). Hautartz 47:708–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    El Sayed K, Al-Said MS, El-Feraly FS, Ross SA (2000) New quinoline alkaloids from Ruta chalepensis. J Nat Prod 63:995–997PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Wang L, Sterling B, Don P (2002) Berloque dermatitis induced by “Florida water”. Cutis 70:29–30PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Bhutani LK, Rao DS (1978) Photocontact dermatitis caused by Parthenium hysterophorus. Dermatologica 157: 206–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Ljunggren B (1977) Psoralen photoallergy caused by plant contact. Contact Derm 3:85–90PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Kaidbey KH, Kligman AM (1981) Photosensitization by coumarin derivatives. Arch Dermatol 117:258–263PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Frain-Bell W, Johnson BE (1979) Contact allergic sensitivity to plants and the photosensitivity dermatitis and actinic reticuloid syndrome. Br J Dermatol 101:503–512PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Lim HW, Cohen D, Soter NA (1998) Chronic actinic dermatitis: results of patch tests with Compositae, fragrances, and pesticides. J Am Acad Dermatol 38:108–111PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Du P Menagé H, Ross JS, Norris PG, Breathnach SM, Hawk JLM, White IR (1995) Contact and photocontact sensitization in chronic actinic dermatitis: sesquiterpene lactone mix is an important allergen. Br J Dermatol 132:543–547Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Du P Menagé H, Hawk JLM, White IR (1998) Sesquiterpene lactone mix contact sensitivity and its relationship to chronic actinic dermatitis: a follow-up study. Contact Derm 39:119–122Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Hausen BM (2000) Woods. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P, Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology. Springer, Berlin, pp 771–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Bleumink E, Doeglas HMG, Klokke AH, Nater JP (1972) Allergic contact dermatitis to garlic. Br J Dermatol 87:6–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Bleumink E, Nater JP (1973) Contact dermatitis to garlic: cross reactivity between garlic, onion, and tulip. Arch Dermatol Forsch 247:117–124PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Sinha SM, Pasricha JS, Sharma RC, Kandhari KC (1977) Vegetables responsible for contact dermatitis of the hands. Arch Dermatol 113:776–779PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Van KeteL WG, de Haan P (1978) Occupational eczema from garlic and onion. Contact Derm 4:53–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Campolmi P, Lombardi P, Lotti T, Sertoli A (1982) Immediate and delayed sensitization to garlic. Contact Derm 8:352–353PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Cronin E (1987) Dermatitis of the hands in caterers. Contact Derm 17:265–269PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Burks JW Jr (1954) Classic aspects of onion and garlic dermatitis in housewives. Ann Allergy 12:592–596PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Eming SA, Piontek JO, Hunzelmann RH (1999) Severe toxic contact dermatitis caused by garlic. Br J Dermatol 141:391–392PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Burden AD, Wilkinson SM, Beck MH, Chalmers RJ (1994) Garlic-induced systemic contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 30:299–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Pereira F, Hatia M, Cardoso J (2002) Systemic contact dermatitis from diallyl disulfide. Contact Derm 46:124PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Bassioukas K, Orton D, Cerio R (2004) Occupational airborne allergic contact dermatitis from garlic with concurrent Type I allergy. Contact Derm 50:39–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Freeman GG, Whenham RJ (1976) Nature and origin of volatile flavour components of onion and related species. Int Flavours Fd Addit 7:222–227; 229Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Papageorgiou C, Corbet JP, Menezes-Brandao F, Pecegueiro M, Benezra C (1983) Allergic contact dermatitis to Garlic (Allium sativum L.). Identification of the allergens: the role of mono-di-, and trisulfides present in garlic. A comparative study in man and animal (guinea-pig). Arch Dermatol Res 275:229–234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Mitchell JC (1980) Contact sensitivity to garlic (Allium). Contact Derm 6:356–357PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Brongersma-Oosterhoff UW (1967) Structure determination of the allergenic agent isolated from tulip bulbs. Recl Trav Chim Pays Bas Belg 86:705–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Verspyck Mijnssen GAW (1969) Pathogenesis and causative agent of “tulip finger”. Br J Dermatol 81:737–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Slob A (1973) Tulip allergens in Alstroemeria and some other Liliiflorae. Phytochemistry 12:811–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Slob A, Jekel B, de Jong B, Schlatmann E (1975) On the occurrence of tuliposides in the Liliiflorae. Phytochemistry 14:1997–2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Hausen BM, Prater E, Schubert H (1983) The sensitizing capacity of Alstroemeria cultivars in man and guinea pig. Remarks on the occurrence, quantity and irritant and sensitizing potency of their constituents tuliposide A and tulipalin A (α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone. Contact Derm 9:46–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Santucci B, Picardo M, Iavarone C, Trogolo C (1985) Contact dermatitis to Alstroemeria. Contact Derm 12:215–219PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Christensen LP, Kristiansen K (1995) A simple HPLC method for the isolation and quantification of the allergens tuliposide A and tulipalin A in Alstroemeria. Contact Derm 32:199–203PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Christensen LP, Kristiansen K (1995) Isolation and quantification of a new tuliposide (tuliposide D) by HPLC in Alstroemeria. Contact Derm 33:188–192PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Shoji M, Kazuaki A (2003) Antimicrobial activities of anthers in tulips. Plant Biology 2003, 25–30 July 2003. Honolulu, Hawaii, USAGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Barbier P, Benezra C (1986) Allergenic α-methylene-γ-butyrolactones. Study of the capacity of β-acetoxy- and β-hydroxy-α-methylene-γ-butyrolactones to induce allergic contact dermatitis in guinea pigs. J Med Chem 29:868–871PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Beijersbergen JCM (1972) A method for determination of tulipalin A and B concentrations in crude extracts of tulip tissues. Recl Trav Chim Pays Bas Belg 91:1193–1200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Hjorth N, Wilkinson DS (1968) Contact dermatitis. IV. Tulip fingers, hyacinth itch and lily rash. Br J Dermatol 80:696–698PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Guin JD, Franks H (2001) Fingertip dermatitis in a retail florist. Cutis 67:328–330PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Van der Mei IA, de Boer EM, Bruynzeel DP (1998) Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers. Occup Med (Lond) 48:397–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Rycroft RJG, Calnan CD (1981) Alstroemeria dermatitis. Contact Derm 7:284PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Rook A (1981) Dermatitis from Alstroemeria: altered clinical pattern and probable increasing incidence. Contact Derm 7:355–356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Marks JG (1988) Allergic contact dermatitis to Alstroemeria. Arch Dermatol 124:914–916PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Björkner BE (1982) Contact allergy and depigmentation from alstroemeria. Contact Derm 8:178–184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Chan RY, Oppenheimer JJ (2002) Occupational allergy caused by Peruvian lily (Alstroemeria). Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 88:638–639PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Van der Werff PJ (1959) Occupational diseases among workers in the bulb industries. Acta Allergol 14:338–355PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Bruze M, Björkner B, Hellstrom AC (1996) Occupational dermatoses in nursery workers. Am J Contact Dermat 7:100–103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Bruynzeel DP (1997) Bulb dermatitis. Dermatological problem in the flower bulb industries. Contact Derm 37:70–77PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Julian CG, Bower PW (1997) The nature and distribution of daffodil picker’s rash. Contact Derm 37:259–262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Klaschka F, Grimm WW, Beiersdorff HU (1964) Tulpen-Kontaktekzem als Berufsdermatosen. Hautarzt 15:317–321PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Pardo-Castello V (1923) Dermatitis venenata: a study of the tropical plants producing dermatitis. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 7:81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Bertrand G, Brooks G (1934) Recherches sur le latex de l’arbre à laque du Cambodge (Melanorrhoea laccifera Pierre). Bull Soc Chim Fr 5:109–114Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Ridley HN (1911) Rengas-poisoning. Malay Med J 9:7Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Watt G (1906) Burmese lacquer ware and Burmese varnish. Kew Bull 5:137–147Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Srinivas CR, Kulkarni SB, Menon SK, Krupashankar DS, Iyengar MA, Singh KK, Sequeira RP, Holla KR (1987) Allergenic agent in contact dermatitis from Holigarna ferruginea. Contact Derm 17:219–222PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Sprague TA (1921) Plant dermatitis. J Bot 59:308–310Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Kirby-Smith JL (1938) Mango dermatitis. Am J Trop Med 18:373–384Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Jackson WPU (1946) Plant dermatitis in the Bahamas. BMJ 2:298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    King DE, Wolfish PS, Heng MCY (1983) The much-maligned dhobie. J Am Acad Dermatol 8:258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Findlay GH, Whiting DA, Eggers SH, Ellis RP (1974) Smodingium (African “poison ivy”) dermatitis. History, comparative plant chemistry and anatomy, clinical and histological features. Br J Dermatol 90:535–541PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Corbett M, Billets S (1975) Characterization of poison oak urushiol. J Pharm Sci 64:1715–1718PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Gross M, Baer H, Fales HM (1975) Urushiols of poisonous Anacardiaceae. Phytochemistry 14:2263–2266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    De Hurtado I (1965) Contact dermatitis caused by the “manzanillo” (Rhus striata) tree. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 28:321–327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Nakamura T (1985) Contact dermatitis to Rhus succedanea. Contact Derm 12:279PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Powell SM, Barrett DK (1986) An outbreak of contact dermatitis from Rhus verniciflua (Toxicodendron vernicifluum). Contact Derm 14:288–289PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Kligman AM (1958) Poison ivy (Rhus) dermatitis. An experimental study. AMA Arch Dermatol 77:149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Ippen H (1983) Kontaktallergie gegen Anacardiaceae. Übersicht und Kasuistik zur “Poison Ivy”-Allergie in Mitteleuropa. Derm Beruf Umwelt 31:140–148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Oh SH, Haw CR, Lee MH (2003) Clinical and immunologic features of systemic contact dermatitis from ingestion of Rhus (Toxicodendron. Contact Derm 48:251–254PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Cardinali C, Francalanci S, Giomi B, Caproni M, Sertoli A, Fabbri P (2004) Contact dermatitis from Rhus toxicodendron in a homeopathic remedy. J Am Acad Dermatol 50:150–151PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Marks JG Jr, DeMelfi T, McCarthy MA, Witte EJ, Castagnoli N, Epstein WL, Aber RC (1984) Dermatitis from cashew nuts. J Am Acad Dermatol 10:627–631PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Kurlan JG, Lucky AW (2001) Black spot poison ivy: a report of 5 cases and a review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol 45:246–249PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Gillis WT (1971) The systematics and ecology of poison ivy and the poison-oaks (Toxicodendron, Anacardiaceae). Rhodora 73:72–159; 161–237; 370–443; 465–540Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Guin JD, Gillis WT, Beaman JH (1981) Recognizing the Toxicodendrons (poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. J Am Acad Dermatol 4:99–114PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Guin JD, Beaman JH (1986) Toxicodendrons of the United States. Clin Dermatol 4:137–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Guin JD (1980) The black spot test for recognizing poison ivy and related species. J Am Acad Dermatol 2:332–333PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Walker S William J, Lear J, Beck M (2004) Toxicodendron dermatitis in the United Kingdom. Contact Derm 50:163Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Ale SI, Ferreira F, Gonzalez G, Epstein W (1997) Allergic contact dermatitis caused by Lithraea molleoides and Lithraea brasiliensis: identification and characterization of the responsible allergens. Am J Contact Dermat 8:144–149PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Lima AO (1953) Über das antigene Verhalten der Ölharze einiger Gattungen der Familie Anacardiaceae. Int Archs Allergy Appl Immun 4:169–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    De Hurtado I (1968) Studies on the biological activity of Rhus striata (“manzanillo”). 2. Skin response to patch tests in humans. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 33:209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Mitchell JC, Maibach HI, Guin J (1981) Leaves of Ginkgo biloba not allergenic for Toxicodendron sensitive subjects. Contact Derm 7:47–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Nakamura T (1985) Ginkgo tree dermatitis. Contact Derm 12:281–282PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Tomb RR, Foussereau J, Sell Y (1988) Mini-epidemic of contact dermatitis from ginkgo tree fruit (Ginkgo biloba L.). Contact Derm 19:281–283PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Bolus M, Raleigh NC (1939) Dermatitis venenata due to ginkgo berries. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 39:530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Becker LE, Skipworth GB (1975) Ginkgo-tree dermatitis, stomatitis, and proctitis. J Am Med Assoc 231:1162–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Sowers WF, Weary PE, Collins OD, Cawley EP (1965) Ginkgo-tree dermatitis. Arch Dermatol 91:452–456PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Lepoittevin JP, Benezra C, Asakawa Y (1989) Allergic contact dermatitis to Ginkgo biloba L.: relationship with urushiol. Arch Dermatol Res 281:227–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Occolowitz JL, Wright AS (1962) 5-(10-Pentadecenyl)resorcinol from Grevillea pyramidalis. Aust J Chem 15:858–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Ridley DD, Ritchie E, Taylor WC (1968) Chemical studies of the Proteaceae. II. Some further constituents of Grevillea robusta A. Cunn.; experiments on the synthesis of 5-n-tridecylresorcinol (grevillol) and related substances. Aust J Chem 21:2979–2988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Menz J, Rossi ER, Taylor WC, Wall L (1986) Contact dermatitis from Grevillea “Robyn Gordon”. Contact Derm 15:126–131PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Hoffman TE, Hausen BM, Adams RM (1985) Allergic contact dermatitis to “silver oak” wooden arm bracelets. J Am Acad Dermatol 13:778–779PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    May SB (1960) Dermatitis due to G. robusta (Australian silk oak. Report of a case. Arch Dermatol 82:1006PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Arnold HL (1942) Dermatitis to the blossom of Grevillea banksii. Arch Dermatol 45:1037–1051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Benezra C, Ducombs G (1987) Molecular aspects of allergic contact dermatitis to plants. Derm Beruf Umwelt 35:4–11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Knight TE (1991) Philodendron-induced dermatitis: report of cases and review of the literature. Cutis 48:375–378PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Reynolds GW, Gafner F, Rodriguez E (1989) Contact allergens of an urban shrub Wigandia caracasana. Contact Derm 21:65–68PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Reynolds G, Rodriguez E (1979) Geranylhydroquinone: a contact allergen from trichomes of Phacelia crenulata. Phytochemistry 18:1567–1568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Aeschimann D, Lauber K, Moser DM, Theurillat JP (2004) Flora alpina. Belin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Arlette J, Mitchell JC (1981) Compositae dermatitis. Current aspects. Contact Derm 7:129–136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Mitchell JC, Roy AK, Dupuis G, Towers GHN (1971) Allergic contact dermatitis from ragweeds (Ambrosia species). The role of sesquiterpene lactones. Arch Dermatol 104:73–76PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Brunsting LA, Anderson CR (1934) Ragweed dermatitis. A report based on eighteen cases. J Am Med Assoc 103:1285–1290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Shelmire B (1939) Contact dermatitis from weeds: patch testing with their oleoresins. J Am Med Assoc 113:1085–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Mitchell JC (1975) Biochemical basis of geographic ecology, part 2. Int J Dermatol 14:301–321PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Brunsting LA, Williams DH (1936) Ragweed (contact) dermatitis. Observations in forty-eight cases and report of unsuccessful attempts at desensitization by injection of specific oils. J Am Med Assoc 106:1533–1535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    O’Quinn SE, Isbell KH (1969) Influence of oral prednisone on eczematous patch test reactions. Arch Dermatol 99:380–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Möslein P (1963) Pflanzen als Kontakt-Allergene. Berufsdermatosen 11:24–28Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Hausen BM, Busker E, Carle R (1984) Über das Sensibilisierungsvermögen von Compositearten VII. Experimentelle Untersuchungen mit Auszügen und Inhaltsstoffen von Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert und Anthemis cotula L. Planta Med 50:229–234PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Burry JN (1979) Dermatitis from fleabane: compositae dermatitis in South Australia. Contact Derm 5:51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Hausen BM (1980) Arnikaallergie. Hautarzt 31:10–17PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Mitchell JC, Geissman TA, Dupuis G, Towers GH (1971) Allergic contact dermatitis caused by Artemisia and Chrysanthemum species. The role of sesquiterpene lactones. J Invest Dermatol 56:98–101PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Shelmire B (1940) Contact dermatitis from vegetation; patch testing and treatment with plant oleoresins. J South Med Assoc 33:337–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Mackoff S, Dahl AO (1951) A botanical consideration of the weed oleoresin problem. Minn Med 34:1169–1173PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Schumacher MJ, Silvis NG (2003) Airborne contact dermatitis from Ambrosia deltoidea (triangle-leaf bursage). Contact Derm 48:212–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Burry JN, Kuchel R, Reid JG, Kirk J (1973) Australian bush dermatitis: compositae dermatitis in South Australia. Med J Aust 1:110–116PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Burry JN, Reid JG, Kirk J (1975) Australian bush dermatitis. Contact Derm 1:263–264PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Maiden JH (1909) On some plants which cause inflammation or irritation of the skin, part II. Agric Gaz NSW 20:1073–1082Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Burry JN, Kloot PM (1982) The spread of composite (Compositae) weeds in Australia. Contact Derm 8:410–413PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Towers GHN, Mitchell JC, Rodriguez E, Bennett FD, Subbarrao PV (1977) Biology and chemistry of Parthenium hysterophorus L., a problem weed in India. J Sci Ind Res 36:672–684Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Towers GH, Mitchell JC (1983) The current status of the weed Parthenium hysterophorus L. as a cause of contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 9:465–469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Hausen BM (1981) Berufsbedingte Kontaktallergie auf Mutterkraut (Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schulz-Bip.; Asteraceae). Derm Beruf Umwelt 29:18–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Mensing H, Kimmig W, Hausen BM (1985) Airborne contact dermatitis. Hautarzt 36:398–402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Malten KE (1983) Chicory dermatitis from September to April. Contact Derm 9:232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Menz J, Winkelmann RK (1987) Sensitivity to wild vegetation. Contact Derm 16:169–173PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Paulsen E, Andersen KE, Brandão FM et al (1999) Routine patch testing with the sesquiterpene lactone mix in Europe: a 2-year experience. A multicentre study of the EECDRG. Contact Derm 40:72–76PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Paulsen E, Otkjær A, Andersen KE (2008) Sesquiterpene lactone dermatitis in the young: is atopy a risk factor? Contact Derm 59:1–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Verhagen AR, Nyaga JM (1974) Contact dermatitis from Tagetes minuta. A new sensitizing plant of the Compositae family. Arch Dermatol 110:441–444PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Mitchell JC, Dupuis G, Towers GHN (1972) Allergic contact dermatitis from pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum spp.). The roles of pyrethrosin, a sesquiterpene lactone, and of pyrethrin II. Br J Dermatol 86:568–573PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Hausen BM (1982) Taraxinsäure-1’-O-β-d-glucopyranosid, das Kontaktallergen des Löwenzahns (Taraxacum officinale Wiggers). Derm Beruf Umwelt 30:51–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Gougerot H, Burnier B (1933) Purpura réticulé et eczéma généralisé à la suite d’application de feuille d’aunée («Inula Helenium»); sensibilisation. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syphiligr 40:1702–1704Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    P’iankova ZP, Nugmanova ML (1975) Dermatit ot deviasila (dermatitis due to elecampane). Vestn Dermatol Venereol 12:53–54Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Hausen BM, Spring O (1989) Sunflower allergy. On the constituents of the trichomes of Helianthus annuus L. (Compositae). Contact Derm 20:326–334PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Rodriguez E, Reynolds GW, Thompson JA (1981) Potent contact allergen in the rubber plant guayule (Parthenium argentatum). Science 211:1444–1445PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Maiden JH (1918) Plants which produce inflammation or irritation of the skin. Agric Gaz NSW 29:344–345Google Scholar
  194. 194.
    Vryman LH (1933) Dahlienwurzelrinden-Dermatitis. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 168:233Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Calnan CD (1978) Sensitivity to dahlia flowers. Contact Derm 4:168Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    Olivier J, Renkin A (1954) Eczéma par sensibilité à une seule variété de chrysanthèmes. Arch Belg Dermatol Syphiligr 10:296–297PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Rook A (1961) Plant dermatitis. The significance of variety-specific sensitization. Br J Dermatol 73:283–287PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Hausen BM, Schulz KH (1976) Chrysanthemum allergy. III. Identification of the allergens. Arch Dermatol Res 255:111–121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Towers GHN, Arnason T, Wat CK, Graham EA, Lam J, Mitchell JL (1979) Phototoxic polyacetylenes and their thiophene derivatives. (Effects on human skin.). Contact Derm 5:140–144PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Quirce S, Tabar AI, Olaguibel JM, Cuevas M (1996) Occupational contact urticaria syndrome caused by globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus. J Allergy Clin Immunol 97:710–711PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Douin I (1986) Nouvelle flore des mousses et des hépatiques pour la détermination facile des espèces. Belin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Schmidt RJ (1996) Allergic contact dermatitis to liverworts, lichens, and mosses. Semin Dermatol 15:95–102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Mitchell JC (1986) Frullania (liverwort) phytodermatitis (woodcutter’s eczema). Clin Dermatol 4:62–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Mitchell JC, Fritig B, Singh B, Towers GH (1970) Allergic contact dermatitis from Frullania and Compositae. The role of sesquiterpene lactones. J Invest Dermatol 54:233–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Knoche H, Ourisson G, Perold GW, Foussereau J, Maleville J (1969) Allergenic component of a liverwort: a sesquiterpene lactone. Science 166:239–240PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Ducombs G, Lepoittevin JP, Berl V, Andersen KE, Brandao FM, Bruynzeel DP, Bruze M, Camarasa JG, Frosch PJ, Goossens A, Lachapelle JM, Lahti A, Le Coz CJ, Maibach HI, Menné T, Seidenari S, Shaw S, Tosti A, Wilkinson JD; European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group multicentre study (2003) Routine patch testing with frullanolide mix: an European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group multicentre study. Contact Derm 48:158–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Hindsen M, Christensen LP, Paulsen E (2004) Contact allergy to the sesquiterpene lactone calocephalin. Contact Derm 50:162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Mitchell JC, Dupuis G (1971) Allergic contact dermatitis from sesquiterpenoids of the Compositae family of plants. Br J Dermatol 84:139–150PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    Hausen BM (1979) The sensitizing capacity of Compositae plants. III. Test results and cross-reactions in Compositae-sensitive patients. Dermatologica 159:1–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Schmidt RJ (1985) When is a chrysanthemum dermatitis not a chrysanthemum dermatitis? The case for describing florists’ chrysanthemums as Dendranthema cultivars. Contact Derm 13:115–119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Asakawa Y, Benezra C, Foussereau J, Muller JC, Ourisson G (1974) Cross-sensitization between Frullania and Laurus nobilis. Arch Dermatol 110:957PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Fernandez de Corres L, Corrales Torres JL (1978) Dermatitis from Frullania, Compositae and other plants. Contact Derm 4:175–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Hausen BM, Osmundsen PE (1983) Contact allergy to parthenolide in Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schulz-Bip. (feverfew, Asteraceae) and cross-reactions to related sesquiterpene lactone containing Compositae species. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 63:308–314Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    Marzulli FN, Maibach HI (1980) Further studies of effects of vehicles and elicitation concentrations in contact dermatitis testing. Contact Derm 6:131–133PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Cheminat A, Stampf JL, Benezra C, Farral MJ, Frechet JM (1981) Allergic contact dermatitis to costus: removal of haptens with polymers. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 61:525–529Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    Warshaw EM, Zug KA (1996) Sesquiterpene lactone allergy. Am J Contact Dermat 7:1–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Rao PV, Mangala A, Towers GH, Rodriguez E (1978) Immunological activity of parthenin and its diasteriomer in persons sensitized by Parthenium hysterophorus L. Contact Derm 4:199–203PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Ducombs G, Benezra C, Talaga P, Andersen KE, Burrows D, Camarasa JG, Dooms-Goossens A, Frosch PJ, Lachapelle JM, Menné T et al (1990) Patch testing with the “sesquiterpene lactone mix”: a marker for contact allergy to Compositae and other sesquiterpene-lactone-containing plants. Contact Derm 22:249–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Paulsen E, Andersen KE, Hausen BM (2001) An 8-year experience with routine SL mix patch testing supplemented with Compositae mix in Denmark. Contact Derm 45:29–35PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Green C, Ferguson J (1994) Sesquiterpene lactone mix is not an adequate screen for Compositae allergy. Contact Derm 31:151–153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Shum KW, English JSC (1998) Allergic contact dermatitis in food handlers, with patch tests positive to Compositae mix but negative to sesquiterpene lactone mix. Contact Derm 39:207–208PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Lepoittevin JP, Tomb R (1995) Sesquiterpene lactone mix is not an adequate screen for Compositae allergy. Contact Derm 32:254PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Hausen BM (1996) A 6-year experience with Compositae mix. Am J Contact Dermat 7:94–99PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Stingeni L, Lisi P (1996) Airborne allergic contact dermatitis from Compositae. Ann Ital Dermatol Clin Sperim 50:170–173Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Schmidt RJ, Kingston T (1985) Chrysanthemum dermatitis in South Wales; diagnosis by patch testing with feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) extract. Contact Derm 13:120–121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Goulden V, Wilkinson SM (1998) Patch testing for Compositae allergy. Br J Dermatol 138:1018–1021PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Ettlinger MG, Lundeen AJ (1956) The structures of sinigrin and sinalbin; an enzymatic rearrangement. J Ann Chem Soc 78:4172–4173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Coulter S (1904) The poisonous plants of Indiana. Proc Indiana Acad Sci 119:51–63Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    Mitchell JC, Jordan WP (1974) Allergic contact dermatitis from the radish, Raphanus sativus. Br J Dermatol 91:183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Leoni A, Gogo R (1964) Dermatite professionale da contatto con cavolo capuccio. Minerva Med (Roma) 39:326–327Google Scholar
  231. 231.
    Gaul LE (1964) Contact dermatitis from synthetic oil of mustard. Arch Dermatol 90:158–159PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Fregert S, Dahlquist I, Trulsson L (1983) Sensitization capacity of diphenylthiourea and phenylisothiocvanate. Contact Derm 9:87–88PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Richter G (1980) Allergic contact dermatitis from methyl isothiocyanate in soil disinfectants. Contact Derm 6:183–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Schmidt RJ (1986) Biosynthetic and chemosystematic aspects of the Euphorbiaceae and Thymelaeaceae. In: Evans FJ (ed) Naturally occurring phorbol esters. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 87–106Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Webster GL (1986) Irritant plants in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Clin Dermatol 1:36–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Evans FJ (1986) Environmental hazards of diterpene esters from plants. In: Evans FJ (ed) Naturally occurring phorbol esters. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 1–31Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    Satulsky EM, Wirts CA (1943) Dermatitis venenata caused by the manzanillo tree. Further observations and report of 60 cases. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 47:797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Rook A (1965) An unrecorded irritant plant. Synadenium grantii. Br J Dermatol 77:284PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Calnan CD (1975) Petty spurge (Luphorbia peplus L.). Contact Derm 1:128PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Strobel M, N’Diaye B, Padonou F, Marchand JP (1978) Les dermites de contact dorigine végétale. A propos de 10 cas observés à Dakar. Bull Soc Méd Air Noire Lang Fr 23:124–127Google Scholar
  241. 241.
    Worobec SM, Hickey TA, Kinghorn AD, Soejarto D, West D (1981) Irritant contact dermatitis from an ornamental, Euphorbia hermentiana. Contact Derm 7:19–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Hickey TA, Worobec SM, West DP, Kinghorn AD (1981) Irritant contact dermatitis in humans from phorbol and related esters. Toxicon 19:841–850PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Pinedo JM, Saavedra V, Gonzalez-de-Canales F, Llamas P (1985) Irritant dermatitis due to Euphorbia marginata. Contact Derm 13:44PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    D’Arcy WG (1974) Severe contact dermatitis from poinsettia. Arch Dermatol 109:909–910PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Hausen BM, Schulz KH (1977) Occupational contact dermatitis due to croton (Codiaeum variegatum (L.) A. Juss var. pictum (Lodd.) Muell. Arg.). Sensitization by plants of the Euphorbiaceae. Contact Derm 3:289–292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Schmidt H, Ølholm-Larsen P (1977) Allergic contact dermatitis from croton (Codiaeum). Contact Derm 3:100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Cleenewerck MB, Martin P (1989) Occupational contact dermatitis due to Codiaeum variegatum L., Chrysanthemum indicum L., Chrysanthemum x hortorum and Frullania dilatata L. In: Frosch PJ, Dooms-Goossens A, Lachapelle JM et al (eds) Current topics in contact dermatitis. Springer, Berlin, pp 149–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    Santucci B, Picardo M, Cristaudo A (1985) Contact dermatitis from Euphorbia pulcherrima. Contact Derm 12:285–286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Elpern DJ (1984) The dermatology of Kauai, Hawaii, 1981–1982. Int J Dermatol 24:647–652Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Weedon D, Chick J (1976) Home treatment of basal cell carcinoma. Med J Aust 1:928PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Schmidt RJ, Evans FJ (1980) Skin irritants of the sun spurge (Euphorbia helioscopia L.). Contact Derm 6:204–210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Adolf W, Sorg B, Hergenhahn M, Hecker E (1982) Structure-activity relations of polyfunctional diterpenes of the daphnane type. I. Revised structure for resiniferatoxin and structure-activity relations of resiniferonol and some of its esters. J Nat Prod 45:347–354PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Schmidt RJ, Evans FJ (1979) Investigations into the skin-irritant properties of resiniferonol ortho esters. Inflammation 3:273–280PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Evans FJ (1986) Phorbol: its esters and derivatives. In: Evans FJ (ed) Naturally occurring phorbol esters. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 171–215Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Schmidt RJ (1986) The daphnane polyol esters. In: Evans FJ (ed) Naturally occurring phorbol esters. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 217–243Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Schmidt RJ (1986) The ingenane polyol esters. In: Evans FJ (ed) Naturally occurring phorbol esters. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 245–269Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Tiévant P (2001) Guide des lichens. 350 espèces de lichens d’Europe. Delachaux et Niestlé, LausanneGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Mitchell JC (1965) Allergy to lichens. Arch Dermatol 92:142–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Mitchell JC, Shibata S (1969) Immunologic activity of some substances derived from lichenized fungi. J Invest Dermatol 52:517–520PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Dahlquist I, Fregert S (1980) Contact allergy to atranorin in lichens and perfumes. Contact Derm 6:111–119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Thune P, Solberg Y, Mc Fadden N, Staerfelt F, Standberg M (1982) Perfume allergy due to oak moss and other lichens. Contact Derm 8:396–400PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. 262.
    Bernard G, Gimenez-Arnau E, Rastogi SC, Heydorn S, Johansen JD, Menné T, Goossens A, Andersen K, Lepoittevin JP (2003) Contact allergy to oak moss: search for sensitizing molecules using combined bioassay-guided chemical fractionation, GC-MS, and structure-activity relationship analysis. Arch Dermatol Res 295:229–235PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Bossi R, Rastogi SC, Bernard G, Gimenez-Arnau E, Johansen JD, Lepoittevin JP, Menné T (2004) A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric method for the determination of oak moss allergens atranol and chloroatranol in perfumes. J Sep Sci 27:537–540PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Johansen JD, Andersen KE, Svedman C, Bruze M, Bernard G, Gimenez-Arnau E, Rastogi SC, Lepoittevin JP, Menné T (2003) Chloroatranol, an extremely potent allergen hidden in perfumes: a dose-response elicitation study. Contact Derm 49:180–184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Thune P (1977) Allergy to lichens with photosensitivity. Contact Derm 3:213–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Tan KS, Mitchell JC (1968) Patch and photopatch tests in contact dermatitis and photodermatitis. A preliminary report of investigation of 150 patients, with special reference to “cedar-poisoning”. Can Med Assoc J 98:252–255PubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. 267.
    Thune P (1977) Contact allergy due to lichens in patients with a history of photosensitivity. Contact Derm 3:267–272PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Salo H, Hannuksela M, Hausen B (1981) Lichen pickers’ dermatitis (Cladonia alpestris (L.) Rab.). Contact Derm 7:9–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Champion RH (1971) Atopic sensitivity to algae and lichens. Br J Dermatol 85:551–557PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Lepoittevin JP, Meschkat E, Huygens S, Goossens A (2000) Presence of resin acids in “Oak moss” patch test material: a source of misdiagnosis? J Invest Dermatol 115:129–130PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Hausen BM (1979) Primelallergie. Hintergründe und Aspekte. Mat Med Nordmark 31:57–76Google Scholar
  272. 272.
    Hjorth N (1979) Primula dermatitis. In: Mitchell J, Rook A (eds) Botanical dermatology. Greengrass, Vancouver, pp 554–564Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Virgili A, Corazza M (1991) Unusual primin dermatitis. Contact Derm 24:63–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. 274.
    Schildknecht H (1957) Struktur des Primelgiftstoffes. Z Naturforsch 22B:36–41Google Scholar
  275. 275.
    Paulsen E, Christensen LP, Andersen KE (2006) Miconidin and miconidin methyl ether from Primula obconica Hance: new allergens in an old sensitizer. Contact Derm 55:203–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Christensen LP, Larsen E (2000) Direct emission of the allergen primin from intact Primula obconica plants. Contact Derm 42:149–153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Cairns R (1964) Plant dermatoses: some chemical aspects and results of patch testing with extracts of Pri-mula obconica. Trans St John’s Hosp Dermatol Soc 50:137–143Google Scholar
  278. 278.
    Hausen BM, Schmalle HW, Marshall D, Thomson RH (1983) 5, 8-Dihydroxyflavone (primetin) the contact sensitizer of Primula mistassinica Michaux. Arch Dermatol Res 275:365–370PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. 279.
    Dooms-Goossens A, Biesemans G, Vandaele M, Degreff H (1989) Primula dermatitis: more than one allergen? Contact Derm 21:122–124PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. 280.
    Aplin C, Tan R, Lovell C (2000) Allergic contact dermatitis from Primula auricula and Primula denticulata. Contact Derm 42:48PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. 281.
    Aplin CG, Lovell CR (2001) Hardy primula species and allergic contact dermatitis. Contact Derm 42(suppl 2):11Google Scholar
  282. 282.
    Christensen LP, Larsen E (2000) Primin-free Primula obconica plants available. Contact Derm 43:45–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. 283.
    Hjorth N (1966) Primula dermatitis: sources of error in patch testing and patch test sensitization. Trans St John’s Hosp Dermatol Soc 52:207–219Google Scholar
  284. 284.
    Hjorth N (1967) Seasonal variations in contact dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 47:409–418Google Scholar
  285. 285.
    Fregert S, Hjorth N, Schulz KH (1968) Patch testing with synthetic primin in persons sensitive to Primula obconica. Arch Dermatol 98:144–147PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. 286.
    Fernández de Corres L, Leanizbarrutia I, Muñoz D (1987) Contact dermatitis from Primula obconica Hance. Contact Derm 16:195–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. 287.
    Agrup G, Fregert S, Hjorth N, Övrum P (1968) Routine patch tests with ether extract of P. obconica. Br J Dermatol 80:497–502PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. 288.
    Frenzl F (1937) Artificial dermatitis caused by Anemone nemorosa. Casop Lék Cesk 76:1831–1835Google Scholar
  289. 289.
    Spengler F (1946) Die therapeutische Verwendung der Anemone nemorosa des Buschwindröschens. Pharmazie 1:222–223Google Scholar
  290. 290.
    Rodziewicz J, Wlodarczyk S (1961) Zmiany skórne wywolane dzialaniem jaskru. Przegl Dermatol 48:429–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. 291.
    Aaron TH, Muttitt ELC (1964) Vesicant dermatitis due to prairie crocus (Anemone patens L.). Arch Dermatol 90:168–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. 292.
    Rudzki E, Dajek Z (1975) Dermatitis caused by buttercups (Ranunculus). Contact Derm 1:322Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    Kipping FB (1935) The lactone of γ-hydroxyvinylacrylic acid, protoanemonin. J Chem Soc 1145–1147Google Scholar
  294. 294.
    Hill R, van Heyingen R (1951) Ranunculin: the precursor of the vesicant substance of the buttercup. Biochem J 49:332–335PubMedGoogle Scholar
  295. 295.
    Moriarty RM, Romain CR, Karle IL, Karle J (1965) The structure of anemonin. J Am Chem Soc 87:3251–3252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. 296.
    Boll PM (1968) Naturally occurring lactones and lactames. 1. The absolute configuration of ranunculin, lichesterinic acid, and some lactones related to lichesterinic acid. Acta Chem Scand Ser B 22:3245–3250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  297. 297.
    Innocenti G, Dall’Acqua F, Guiotto A, Caporale G (1977) Investigation on skin-photosensitizing activity of various kinds of Psoralea. Planta Med 31:151–155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  298. 298.
    Camm E, Buck HWL, Mitchell JC (1976) Phytophotodermatitis from Heracleum mantegazzianum. Contact Derm 2:68–72PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. 299.
    Dreyer JC, Hunter JAA (1970) Giant hogweed dermatitis. Scott Med J 15:315–319Google Scholar
  300. 300.
    Birmingham DJ, Key MM, Tubich GE, Prone VB (1961) Phototoxic bullae among celery harvesters. Arch Dermatol 83:73–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  301. 301.
    Seligman PJ, Mathias CGT, O’Malley MA, Beier RC, Fehrs LJ, Serrill WS, Halperin WE (1987) Phytophotodermatitis from celery among grocery store workers. Arch Dermatol 123:1478–1482PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  302. 302.
    Austad J, Kavli G (1983) Phototoxic dermatitis caused by celery infected by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Contact Derm 9:448–451PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  303. 303.
    Sommer RG, Jillson OF (1967) Phytophotodermatitis (solar dermatitis from plants). Gas plant and the wild parsnip. N Engl J Med 276:1484–1486PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. 304.
    Picardo M, Cristaudo A, de Luca C et al (1986) Contact dermatitis to Pastinaca sativa. Contact Derm 15:98–99PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  305. 305.
    Coste F, Marceron L, Boyer J (1943) Dermite à l’angélique. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syphiligr 50:316–317Google Scholar
  306. 306.
    Arvy MP, Gallouin F (2003) Épices, aromates et condiments. Belin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  307. 307.
    Sidi E, Bourgeois-Gavardin J (1955) Accidents provoqués par les applications locales d’ “Ammi majus”. In: Tolérance et intolérance aux produits cosmétiques. Masson, Paris, pp 337–338Google Scholar
  308. 308.
    Kavli G, Midelfart K, Raa J et al (1983) Phototoxicity from furocoumarins (psoralens) of Heracleum laciniatum in a patient with vitiligo. Action spectrum studies on bergapten, pimpinellin, angelicin and sphondin. Contact Derm 9:364–366PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. 309.
    Weimarck G, Nilsson E (1980) Phototoxicity in Heracleum sphondylium. Planta Med 38:97–100PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  310. 310.
    Machado S, Silva E, Massa A (2002) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from falcarinol. Contact Derm 47: 109–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  311. 311.
    Hausen BM, Bröhan J, König WA, Faasch H, Hahn H, Bruhn G (1987) Allergic and irritant contact dermatitis from falcarinol and didehydrofalcarinol in common ivy (Hedera helix L.). Contact Derm 17:1–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  312. 312.
    Sams WM (1941) Photodynamic action of lime oil (Citrus aurantifolia). Arch Dermatol Syphilol 44:571–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  313. 313.
    Opdyke DLJ (1973) Fragrance raw materials monographs. Bergamot oil expressed. Fd Cosm Toxicol 11:1031–1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  314. 314.
    Girard J, Unkovic J, Delahayes J, Lafille C (1979) Étude expérimentale de la phototoxicité de l’essence de bergamote; corrélation entre l’homme et le cobaye. Dermatologica 158:229–243PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  315. 315.
    Volden G, Krokan H, Kavli G, Midelfart K (1983) Phototoxic and contact toxic reactions of the exocarp of sweet oranges: a common cause of cheilitis? Contact Derm 9:201–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  316. 316.
    Fisher JF, Trama LA (1979) High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of some coumarins and psoralens found in citrus peel oils. J Agric Fd Chem 27:1334–1337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  317. 317.
    Gawkrodger DJ, Savin JA (1983) Phytophotodermatitis due to common rue (Ruta graveolens). Contact Derm 9:224PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. 318.
    Zobel AM, Brown SA (1990) Dermatitis-inducing furanocoumarins on leaf surfaces of eight species of rutaceous and umbelliferous plants. J Chem Ecol 16:693–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. 319.
    Brener S, Friedman J (1985) Phytophotodermatitis induced by Ruta chalepensis L. Contact Derm 12:230–232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  320. 320.
    Möller H (1978) Phototoxicity of Dictamnus alba. Contact Derm 4:264–269PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  321. 321.
    Elpern DJ, Mitchell JC (1984) Phytophotodermatitis from mokihana fruits (Pelea anisata H. Mann, fam. Rutaceae) in Hawaiian lei. Contact Derm 10:224–226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  322. 322.
    Yoke M, Turjman M, Flynn T, Balza F, Mitchell JC, Towers GH (1985) Identification of psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen, isopimpinellin, and 5, 7-dimethoxycoumarin in Pelea anisata H. Mann. Contact Derm 12:196–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  323. 323.
    Jarvis WM (1968) The photosensitizing furanocoumarins of Phebalium argenteum (blister bush). Aust J Chem 21:537–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. 324.
    Zaynoun ST, Aftimos BG, Abi Ali L, Tenekjian KK, Khalidi U, Kurban AK (1984) Ficus carica; isolation and quantification of the photoactive components. Contact Derm 11:21–25PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  325. 325.
    Ippen H (1982) Phototoxische Reaktion auf Feigen. Hautarzt 33:337–339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. 326.
    Kitchevatz M (1934) Etiologie et pathogénèse de la dermite des figues. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syphiligr 41:1751–1759Google Scholar
  327. 327.
    Houloussi-Behdjet D (1933) Dermatite des figues et des figuiers. Bull Soc Fr Dermatol Syphiligr 40:787–796Google Scholar
  328. 328.
    Schwartz L (1938) Cutaneous hazards in the citrus fruit industry. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 37:641–649Google Scholar
  329. 329.
    Vickers HR (1941) The carrot as a cause of dermatitis. Br J Dermatol Syph 53:52–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  330. 330.
    Peck SM, Spolyar LW, Mason HS (1944) Dermatitis from carrots. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 49:266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  331. 331.
    Klauder JV, Kimmich JM (1956) Sensitization dermatitis due to carrots. Report of cross-sensitization phenomenon and remarks on phytophotodermatitis. Arch Dermatol 74:149–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  332. 332.
    Van Dijk E, Berrens L (1964) Plants as an etiological factor in phytophotodermatitis. Dermatologica 129:321–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  333. 333.
    Rackett SC, Zug KA (1997) Contact dermatitis to multiple exotic woods. Am J Contact Dermat 8:114–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  334. 334.
    Haustein UF (1982) Violin chin rest eczema due to East-Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.). Contact Derm 8:77–78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  335. 335.
    Hausen BM (1997) Contact dermatitis from a wooden necklace. Am J Contact Dermat 8:185–187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. 336.
    Dias M, Vale T (1992) Contact dermatitis from a Dalbergia nigra bracelet. Contact Derm 26:61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  337. 337.
    Cronin E, Calnan CD (1975) Rosewood knife handle. Contact Derm 1:121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  338. 338.
    Hausen BM (1981) Woods injurious to human health. A manual. De Gruyter, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  339. 339.
    Willis JH (1982) Nasal carcinoma in woodworkers: a review. J Occup Med 24:526–530Google Scholar
  340. 340.
    Woods B, Calnan CD (1976) Toxic woods. Br J Dermatol 95:1–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  341. 341.
    Hausen BM (1986) Contact allergy to woods. Clin Dermatol 4:65–76PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  342. 342.
    Hausen BM, Adams RM (1990) Woods. In: Adams RM (ed) Occupational skin disease. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, pp 524–536Google Scholar
  343. 343.
    Foussereau J (1981) Bois exotiques (TA 23). Fiche d’allergologie, Dermatologie professionnell. INRS, Paris, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  344. 344.
    Richter HG, Dallwitz MJ (2005) Commercial timbers: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval (homepage). (See http://biodiversity.bio.uno.edu/delta/wood)
  345. 345.
    Fernández de Corres L, Leanizbarrutia I, Muñoz D (1988) Cross-reactivity between some naturally occurring quinones. Contact Derm 18:186–187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  346. 346.
    Dejobert Y, Martin P, Bergoend H (1995) Airborne contact dermatitis from Apuleia leiocarpa wood. Contact Derm 32:242–243PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  347. 347.
    Estlander T, Jolanki R, Alanko K, Kanerva L (2001) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis caused by wood dusts. Contact Derm 44:213–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  348. 348.
    Kiec-Swierczynska M, Krecisz B, Swierczynska-Machura D, Palczynski C (2004) Occupational allergic contact dermatits caused by padauk wood (Pterocarpus soyauxii Taub.). Contact Derm 50:384–385PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  349. 349.
    Weber LF (1953) Dermatitis venenata due to native woods. AMA Arch Dermatol Syphil 67:388–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  350. 350.
    Majamaa H, Viljanen P (2004) Occupational facial allergic contact dermatitis caused by Finnish pine and spruce wood dusts. Contact Derm 51:157–158PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  351. 351.
    Karlberg AT (1988) Contact allergy to colophony. Chemical identification of allergens, sensitization experiments and clinical experiences. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 139:1–43Google Scholar
  352. 352.
    Karlberg AT, Bohlinder K, Boman A et al (1988) Identification of 15-hydroperoxyabietic acid as a contact allergen in Portuguese colophony. J Pharm Pharmacol 40:42–47PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  353. 353.
    Karlberg AT (2000) Colophony. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P, Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology. Springer, Berlin, pp 509–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  354. 354.
    Hellerström S, Thyresson N, Widmark G (1957) Chemical aspects of turpentine eczema. Dermatologica 115:277–286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  355. 355.
    Pirilä V, Kilpiö O, Olkkonen A et al (1969) On the chemical nature of the eczematogens in oil of turpentine. V. Pattern of sensitivity to different terpenes. Dermatologica 139:183–194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  356. 356.
    Lippert U, Martin V, Schwertfeger C, Junghans D, Ellinghaus B, Fuchs T (2003) Shiitake dermatitis. Br J Dermatol 148:178–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  357. 357.
    Korstanje MJ, van de Staak WJBM (1990) A case of hand eczema due to mushrooms. Contact Derm 22:115–116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  358. 358.
    Kanerva L, Estlander T, Jolanki R (1998) Airborne occupational allergic contact dermatitis from champignon mushroom. Am J Contact Dermat 9:190–192PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  359. 359.
    Maes MFJ, Van Baar HMJ, Van Ginkel CJW (1999) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from the mushroom White Pom Pom (Hericium eriaceum). Contact Derm 40:289–290PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  360. 360.
    Simeoni S, Puccetti A, Peterlana D, Tinazzi E, Lunardi C (2004) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from champignon and Polish mushroom. Contact Derm 51:156–157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  361. 361.
    Prelli R (2001) Les fougères et plantes alliées de France et d’Europe ocidentale. Belin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  362. 362.
    Hausen BM, Schulz KH (1978) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis due to leatherleaf fern Arachnoides adiantiformis (Forst) Tindale. Br J Dermatol 98:325–329PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  363. 363.
    Özdemir C, Schneider LA, Hinrichs R, Staib G, Weber L, Weiss JM, Scharffetter-Kochanek K (2003) Allergische Kontaktdermatitis auf Efeu (Hedera helix L.). Hautarzt 54:966–969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  364. 364.
    Garcia M, Fernandez E, Navarro A, del Pozo MD, Fernandez de Corres L (1995) Allergic contact dermatitis from Hedera helix L. Contact Derm 33:133–134PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. 365.
    Oka K, Saito F (1999) Allergic contact dermatitis from Dendropanax trifidus. Contact Derm 41:350–351PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  366. 366.
    Leclerc H (1927) Précis de phytothérapie. Essai de thérapeutique par les plantes françaises. Masson et Cie, ParisGoogle Scholar
  367. 367.
    Etxenagusia MA, Anda M, González-Mahave I, Fernández E, Fernández de Corrès L (2000) Contact dermatitis from Chelidonium majus (greater celandine). Contact Derm 43:47PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. 368.
    Stickel F, Poschl G, Seitz HK, Waldherr R, Hahn EG, Schuppan D (2003) Acute hepatitis induced by greater celandine (Chelidonium majus). Scand J Gastroenterol 38:565–568PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  369. 369.
    Holme SA, Roberts DL (2000) Erythroderma associated with St John’s wort. Br J Dermatol 143:1127–1128PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  370. 370.
    Kubin A, Wierrani F, Burner U, Alth G, Grunberger W (2005) Hypericin – the facts about a controversial agent. Curr Pharm Des 11:233–253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  371. 371.
    Lane-Brown MM (2000) Photosensitivity associated with herbal preparations of St John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum). Med J Aust 172:302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. 372.
    Schempp CM, Müller KA, Winghofer B, Schöpf E, Simon JC (2002) Johanniskraut (Hypericum perforatum L.) – eine Pflanze mit Relevanz für die Dermatologie. Hautarzt 53:316–321PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  373. 373.
    Le Coz CJ (2004) Allergic contact dermatitis from tamanu oil (Calophyllum inophyllum, Calophyllum tacamahaca). Contact Derm 51:216–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  374. 374.
    Avenel-Audran M, Hausen BM, Le Sellin J, Ledieu G, Verret JL (2000) Allergic contact dermatitis from hydrangea – is it so rare? Contact Derm 43:189–191PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  375. 375.
    Van der Willigen AH, van Joost T, Stolz E, van der Hoek JCS (1987) Contact dermatitis to safflower. Contact Derm 17:184–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  376. 376.
    Dejobert Y, Arzur L, Thellart AS, Martin P, Torck M, Frimat P, Piette F, Thomas P (2004) Contact dermatitis to Iris in a florist. Contact Derm 50:163–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  377. 377.
    Martínez-González MC, Goday Buján JJ, Martínez Gómez W, Fonseca Capdevila E (2007) Concomitant allergic contact dermatitis due to Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) and Thymus vulgaris (thyme). Contact Derm 56:49–50Google Scholar
  378. 378.
    Timmermans MWH, Pentinga SE, Rustemeyer T, Bruynzeeel DP (2009) Contact dermatitis due to Paeonia (peony): a rare sensitizer? Contact Derm 60:232–233Google Scholar
  379. 379.
    Le Coz CJ (2000) Cigarette and cigar makers and tobacco workers. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P, Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology. Springer, Berlin, pp 887–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  380. 380.
    Kabashima K, Miyachi Y (2004) Contact dermatitis due to eggplant. Contact Derm 50:101–102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  381. 381.
    Schena D, Magnanini M, Rosina P, Chieregato C (1998) Allergic contact dermatitis due to Hygrophila salicifolia. Contact Derm 39:132PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  382. 382.
    Assier-Bonnet H (2000) Compositae mix versus sesquiterpene lactone mix for patch testing: a French experience. Contact Derm 42(suppl 2):40Google Scholar
  383. 383.
    Bong J, English JS, Wilkinson SM (2001) Diluted Compositae mix versus sesquiterpene lactone mix as a screening agent for Compositae dermatitis: a multicentre study. Contact Derm 42(suppl 2):49Google Scholar
  384. 384.
    Bruynzeel DP, Tafelkruijer J, Wilks MF (1995) Contact dermatitis due to a new fungicide used in the tulip bulb industry. Contact Derm 33:8–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  385. 385.
    Grevelink SA, Olsen EA (1991) Efficacy of barrier creams in suppression of experimentally induced Rhus dermatitis. Am J Contact Dermat 2:69Google Scholar
  386. 386.
    Gonçalo M, Mascarenhas R, Vieira R, Figueiredo A (2004) Permeability of gloves to plant allergens. Contact Derm 50:200–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  387. 387.
    Wrangsjö K, Ros AM (1996) Compositae allergy. Semin Dermatol 15:87–94PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  388. 388.
    Schamberg J (1919) Desensitization of persons against poison ivy. JAMA 73:12–13Google Scholar
  389. 389.
    Kligman AM (1958) Cashew nut shell oil for hyposensitization against Rhus dermatitis. AMA Arch Dermatol 78:359–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  390. 390.
    Guin JD (1991) The case of Dr Shelmire’s child’s nurse: a historical look at the confusion surrounding hyposensitization to Toxicodendrons. Am J Contact Dermat 2:194–197Google Scholar
  391. 391.
    Hashimoto Y, Kawada A, Aragane Y, Tezuka T (2003) Occupational contact dermatitis from chrysanthemum in a mortician. Contact Derm 49:106–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  392. 392.
    Watson ES (1986) Toxicodendron hyposensitization programs. Clin Dermatol 4:160–170PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  393. 393.
    Resnick SD (1986) Poison-ivy and poison-oak dermatitis. Clin Dermatol 4:208–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cabinet de Dermatologie, Laboratoire de DermatochimieStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Cabinet de DermatologieBordeauxFrance
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyOdense University HospitalOdenseDenmark

Personalised recommendations