Plants and Plant Products



Plants are a common and likely the largest source of contact dermatitis. Phytochemicals, although belonging to various families, may be common to phylogenetically different plant families and induce different clinical types of dermatitis through different mechanisms. Irritant contact dermatitis is frequent, due to calcium oxalate (Amaryllidaceae, Araceae, Liliaceae), isothiocyanates (Brassicaceae), esters of phorbol or of ingenol (Euphorbiaceae), or protoanemonin (Ranunculaceae). Phototoxicity due to furanocoumarins-psoralens (Apiaceae, Moraceae, Rutaceae), or furoquinolines (Rutaceae), underlies Oppenheim dermatitis and variants. Allergic contact dermatitis can be due to many phytoallergens like alpha-methylene gamma-butyrolactone (Alstroemeriaceae and Liliaceae), close allergens from the Anacardiaceae, Ginkgoaceae, and Proteaceae families, falcarinol (Araliaceae, Apiaceae) or sesquiterpene lactones (Asteraceae, Jubulaceae, Lauraceae, etc.).


Contact Dermatitis Patch Test Allergic Contact Dermatitis Sesquiterpene Lactone Irritant Contact Dermatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cabinet de Dermatologie, Laboratoire de DermatochimieStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Cabinet de DermatologieBordeauxFrance
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyOdense University HospitalOdenseDenmark

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