Grave's Disease (Hyperthyroidism)

  • Jarrah Ali Al-Tubaikh


Graves's disease (GD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism, thyroid goiter, and ophthalmopathy. The disease arises due to the production of autoantibodies that auto-stimulates the thyrotropin receptors in the thyroid gland to secrete thyroid hormones.


Lateral Rectus Thyrotropin Receptor Inferior Rectus Orbital Apex Superior Orbital Fissure 
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For Further Reading

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    Rawson RW. Hyperthyroidism. Dis Mon. 1955;1:3–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Babcock DS. Thyroid disease in pediatric patient: emphasizing imaging with sonography. Pediatr Radiol. 2006;36:299–308PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Ralls PW et al Color-flow Doppler sonography in Graves disease: “thyroid inferno.” AJR. 1988;150:781–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Arslan H et al Power Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of Graves' disease. Eur J Ultrasound. 2000;11:117–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Birchall D et al Graves ophthalmopathy: intracranial fat prolapse on CT images as an indicator of optic nerve compression. Radiology. 1996;200:123–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Charkes ND et al MR imaging in thyroid disorders: correlation of signal intensity with Graves disease activity. Radiology. 1987;164:491–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Nugent RA et al Graves orbitopathy: correlation of CT and clinical findings. Radiology. 1990;177:657–82Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jarrah Ali Al-Tubaikh

There are no affiliations available

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