Pericardial Diseases

  • Jarrah Ali Al-Tubaikh


The pericardium is a double-walled sac that encloses the heart. The outer sac is called the “fibrous pericardium,” and the inner sac is called the “serous pericardium.” The serous pericardium is composed of an outer (parietal) layer, and an inner (visceral) layer separated by potential space (pericardial cavity). Both the fibrous and the serous layers are continuous with the adventi-tia of the great vessels.


Infective Endocarditis Pericardial Effusion Constrictive Pericarditis Pericardial Fluid Pericardial Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

For Further Reading

  1. 1.
    McIntosh HD. Pericarditis. Dis Mon. 1964;10:1–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Glockner JF. Imaging of pericardial diseases. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2003;11:149–62PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Weiser NJ et al The postmyocardial infarction syndrome: the nonspecificity of the pulmonary manifestations. Circulation. 1962;25:643–50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oberholzer K et al Pneumomediastinum and pneumoperi- cardium due to malignant subcarinal lymphadenopathy: CT demonstration. Eur Radiol. 1997;7:583–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Talreja DR et al Constrictive pericarditis in 26 patients with histologically normal pericardial thickness. Circulation. 2003;108:1852–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yousefzadeh DK et al The triad of pneumonitis, pleuritis, and pericarditis in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Pediatr Radiol. 1979;8:147–50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Spiegel R et al Eosinophilic pericarditis: a rare complica tion of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2004;25:690–2PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choi B-R et al Camptodactyly, arthropathy, coax vara, peri carditis (CACP) syndrome: a case report. J Korean Med Sci. 2004;19:907–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Al-Mayouf SM. Familial arthropathy in Saudi Arabian chil dren: demographic, clinical, and biochemical features. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2007;36:256–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jarrah Ali Al-Tubaikh

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations