Atelectasis (Lung Collapse)

  • Jarrah Ali Al-Tubaikh


Atelectasis is a condition characterized by lung collapse, which can be subtotal (25–50% collapse) or total (100% collapse).

Atelectasis can result due air resorption (resorptive atelectasis), lung compression (compression atelectasis), or loss of the surfactant in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and hyaline membrane disease (respiratory distress syndrome) in preterm infants (microatelectases). Pulmonary atelectasis is a recognized complication of general anesthesia.


Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pulmonary Surfactant Leave Lower Lobe Lung Collapse Hyaline Membrane Disease 
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For Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Tsai KL et al Pulmonary atelectasis: a frequent alternative diagnosis in patients undergoing CT-PA for suspected pulmonary embolism. Emerg Radiol. 2004;10:282–86PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sargent MA et al Atelectasis on pediatric chest CT: comparison of sedation techniques. Pediatr Radiol. 1999;29:509–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Glay J et al Unusual pattern of left lower lobe atelectasis. Radiology. 1981;141:331–33PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhao Y et al Atelectasis — an unusual and late complication of lung transplant. Clin Transplant. 2002;16:233–39PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Westcott JL et al Plate atelectasis. Radiology. 1985;155:1–9PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jarrah Ali Al-Tubaikh

There are no affiliations available

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