Strategic Integration of Open Educational Resources in Higher Education
Open Educational Resources (OERs) can be seen as social movement but are also implemented as strategic measures in higher education institutions (HEIs). This chapter describes the current aims and experiences of OERs in HEIs. Starting with definitions and milestones in respect of the current status, this chapter gives an overview of projects and implementation objectives and it describes two concrete case studies, i.e., the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Open CourseWare project and the OpenLearn project at the Open University in the United Kingdom. The aim of this chapter is to give a comprehensive overview to decision makers and policy drivers within higher education organizations, and thus it develops a blueprint of an implementation model.
- Atkins, D.E., Brown, J.S., & Hammond, A.L. (2007). A review of the open educational resources (OER) movement: achievements, challenges and new opportunities. Report to the william and flora hewlett foundation. http://cohesion.rice.edu/Conferences/Hewlett/emplibrary/A%20Review%20of%20the%20Open%20Educational%20Resources%20%28OER%29%20Movement_BlogLink.pdf. Accessed 25 May 2009.
- Carson, S. (2005). 2004 MIT OCW program evaluation findings report. http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Global/AboutOCW/evaluation.htm. Accessed 02 June 2009.
- Creative Commons (2006). Licenses. http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/. Accessed 02 June 2009.
- Downes, S. (2007). Emerging Technologies 2007. http://partners.becta.org.uk/page_documents/research/emerging_technologies07_chapter2.pdf. Accessed 02 June 2009.
- Geser, G. (2007). Open Educational Practice and Resources: OLCOS Roadmap 2012. Salzburg: OLCOS. http://www.olcos.org/english/roadmap/. Accessed 02 June 2009.
- International Institute for Educational Planning/UNESCO (2001). IIEP Virtual Institute Discussion Forum. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Organization of Educational Systems, 15 October – 9 November 2001. http://www.unesco.org/iiep/eng/training/virtual/hiv_rep_2001.pdf. Paris, France. Accessed 02 June 2009.
- Lane, A. (2008a). Widening participation in education through open educational resources. In T. Iiyoshi & V. Kumar (Eds.), Opening up education: the collective advancement of education through open technology, open content and open knowledge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Schaffert, S., & Geser, G. (2008). Open Educational Resources and Practices. In eLearning Papers, 7. http://www.elearningpapers.eu/index.php?page=doc&doc_id=11198&doclng=6. Accessed 05 June 2009.Google Scholar