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Stem Cells and Inflammation in the Intestine

  • Adam Humphries
  • Trevor A. Graham
  • Stuart A. C. McDonaldEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 185)

Abstract

Knowledge of stem cell biology in the intestine is increasing exponentially and it is one of the current hot topics ‘of the day’. Yet it is only recently that molecules such as Lgr5 and Bmi1 have been shown to reliably mark stem cells and have revealed the stem cell location throughout the murine gastrointestinal tract. However, there is a scarcity of meaningful work within their human counterpart. Nevertheless, recent studies have demonstrated the processes of niche succession, where one stem cell takes over the entire population of stem cells within a crypt; and monoclonal conversion, whereby the entire crypt becomes a clonal population of cells, are present in the human crypt. This work has also shown how crypts themselves divide and expand in the human colon.

Keywords

Stem Cell Stem Cell Niche Intestinal Crypt Colonic Crypt Intestinal Stem Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Velag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Humphries
    • 1
  • Trevor A. Graham
    • 1
  • Stuart A. C. McDonald
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Histopathology UnitLondon Research Institute, Cancer Research UKLondonUK
  2. 2.Centre for Digestive DiseasesBlizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry LondonUK

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