Virtual Apple Tree Pruning in Horticultural Education

  • Ning Xia
  • Ai-Shuang Li
  • Dan-Feng Huang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5670)


A computer model of branching responses of apple trees (Malus domestica) with different levels of pruning schemes is presented. The model simulates the number and distributions of the axillary production along one-year-old parent branches using the Hidden Semi-Markov Chain (HSMC). Results show that (a) simulation system efficiently provides the required information at the desired level of accuracy, and (b) the branch growth model is extremely well calibrated against real apple trees and (c) the system can simulate many interesting growth situations with direct feedback from the different levels of pruning schemes presenting the parent branches’ characteristics, such as, location of flower, fruit setting, and so on. The method used in this paper aims at providing a quantitative tool for orchard management in horticultural education, particularly with regard to pruning practices.


Apple tree (Malus domesticastochastic process Markov chain heading visualization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ning Xia
    • 1
  • Ai-Shuang Li
    • 1
  • Dan-Feng Huang
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Technology and InformationGuangdong Agricultural Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Group of Horticulture, Dept. of Plant Science, School of Agriculture and BiologyShanghai Jiaotong UniversityShanghaiChina

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