Learning the Structure of Utility Graphs Used in Multi-issue Negotiation through Collaborative Filtering
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Graphical utility models represent powerful formalisms for modeling complex agent decisions involving multiple issues . In the context of negotiation, it has been shown  that using utility graphs enables reaching Pareto-efficient agreements with a limited number of negotiation steps, even for high-dimensional negotiations involving complex complementarity/ substitutability dependencies between multiple issues. This paper considerably extends the results of , by proposing a method for constructing the utility graphs of buyers automatically, based on previous negotiation data. Our method is based on techniques inspired from item-based collaborative filtering, used in online recommendation algorithms. Experimental results show that our approach is able to retrieve the structure of utility graphs online, with a high degree of accuracy, even for highly non-linear settings and even if a relatively small amount of data about concluded negotiations is available.
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