Planes: Case (ii)

  • Michael GrabeEmail author


Case (ii), Table 16.1 refers to correct x, y-coordinates and erroneous however repeatedly measured z-values. As now the empirical variances of the z–s are directly accessible, the scattering of the random errors may vary from z-coordinate to z-coordinate. At the same time varying unknown systematic errors are admitted.


Systematic Error Random Error Vector Random Orthogonal Projection Spatial Orientation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BraunschweigGermany

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