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Hyperellipsoidal SVM-Based Outlier Detection Technique for Geosensor Networks

  • Yang Zhang
  • Nirvana Meratnia
  • Paul Havinga
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5659)

Abstract

Recently, wireless sensor networks providing fine-grained spatiotemporal observations have become one of the major monitoring platforms for geo-applications. Along side data acquisition, outlier detection is essential in geosensor networks to ensure data quality, secure monitoring and reliable detection of interesting and critical events. A key challenge for outlier detection in these geosensor networks is accurate identification of outliers in a distributed and online manner while maintaining low resource consumption. In this paper, we propose an online outlier detection technique based on one-class hyperellipsoidal SVM and take advantage of spatial and temporal correlations that exist between sensor data to cooperatively identify outliers. Experiments with both synthetic and real data show that our online outlier detection technique achieves better detection accuracy compared to the existing SVM-based outlier detection techniques designed for sensor networks. We also show that understanding data distribution and correlations among sensor data is essential to select the most suitable outlier detection technique.

Keywords

Geosensor networks outlier detection data mining one-class support vector machine spatio-temporal correlation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yang Zhang
    • 1
  • Nirvana Meratnia
    • 1
  • Paul Havinga
    • 1
  1. 1.Pervasive Systems GroupUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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