Goal-Oriented Control with Brain-Computer Interface

  • Günter Edlinger
  • Clemens Holzner
  • Christoph Groenegress
  • Christoph Guger
  • Mel Slater
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5638)


A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a new communication channel between the human brain and a digital computer. Such systems have been designed to support disabled people for communication and environmental control. In more recent research also BCI control in combination with Virtual Environments (VE) gains more and more interest. Within this study we present experiments combining BCI systems and VE for navigation and control purposes just by thoughts. Results show that the new P300 based BCI system allows a very reliable control of the VR system. Of special importance is the possibility to select very rapidly the specific command out of many different choices. The study suggests that more than 80% of the population could use such a BCI within 5 minutes of training only. This eliminates the usage of decision trees as previously done with BCI systems.


Brain-computer interface virtual reality P300 evoked potential 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Birbaumer, N., Ghanayim, N., Hinterberger, T., Iversen, I., Kotchoubey, B., Kubler, A., Perelmouter, J., Taub, E., Flor, H.: A spelling device for the paralysed. Nature 398, 297–298 (1999)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wolpaw, J.R.: Brain-computer interfaces as new brain output pathways. J. Physiol. 579, 613–619 (2007)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Birbaumer, N., Cohen, L.G.: Brain-computer interfaces: communication and restoration of movement in paralysis. J. Physiol. 579, 621–636 (2007)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bayliss, J.D., Ballard, D.H.: A virtual reality testbed for brain-computer interface research. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering 8(2), 188–190 (2000)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pfurtscheller, G., Leeb, R., Keinrath, C., Friedman, D., Neuper, C., Guger, C., Slater, M.: Walking from thought. Brain Res. 1071, 145–152 (2006)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Friman, O., Volosyak, I., Graser, A.: Multiple channel detection of steady-state visual evoked potentials for brain-computer interfaces. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 54, 742–750 (2007)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, H., Guan, C., Wang, C.: Asynchronous P300-based brain-computer interfaces: a computational approach with statistical models. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55, 1754–1763 (2008)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lin, Z., Zhang, C., Wu, W., Gao, X.: Frequency recognition based on canonical correlation analysis for SSVEP-based BCIs. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 54, 1172–1176 (2007)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Neuper, C., Scherer, R., Wriessnegger, S., Pfurtscheller, G.: Motor imagery and action observation: modulation of sensorimotor brain rhythms during mental control of a brain-computer interface. Clin. Neurophysiol. 120, 239–247 (2009)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Donchin, E., Spencer, K.M., Wijesinghe, R.: The mental prosthesis: assessing the speed of a P300-based brain-computer interface. IEEE Trans. Rehabil. Eng. 8, 174–179 (2000)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sellers, E.W., Krusienski, D.J., McFarland, D.J., Vaughan, T.M., Wolpaw, J.R.: A P300 event-related potential brain-computer interface (BCI): the effects of matrix size and inter stimulus interval on performance. Biol. Psychol. 73, 242–252 (2006)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Komatsu, T., Hata, N., Nakajima, Y., Kansaku, K.: A non-training EEG-based BMI system for environmental control. Neurosci. Res. 61(Suppl.1), S251 (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Guger, C., Edlinger, G., Harkam, W., Niedermayer, I., Pfurtscheller, G.: How many people are able to operate an EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI)? IEEE Trans. Neural Syst. Rehabil. Eng. 11, 145–147 (2003)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günter Edlinger
    • 1
  • Clemens Holzner
    • 1
  • Christoph Groenegress
    • 2
  • Christoph Guger
    • 1
  • Mel Slater
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.g.tec Guger Technologies OEGGrazAustria
  2. 2.Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis AvançatsBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations