Confidence Bias in Situation Awareness

  • Ketut Sulistyawati
  • Yoon Ping Chui
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5639)


In this paper, we explore the concept of confidence bias in Situation Awareness (SA), i.e., the perception of own situational knowledge, a meta-cognition aspect of SA. Two studies were conducted to evaluate the nature of confidence bias across the present and future status, and across individual and team missions, as well as its relation with performance outcome. The results from both studies were consistent. Participants’ confidence bias was higher in the future than present status, but did not differ significantly across individual and team missions. Participants who had lower confidence bias were found to have better performance.


situation awareness confidence bias meta-cognition 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ketut Sulistyawati
    • 1
  • Yoon Ping Chui
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Human Factors and Ergonomics School of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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