The Influence of Gender and Age on the Visual Codes Working Memory and the Display Duration – A Case Study of Fencers

  • Chih-Lin Chang
  • Kai-Way Li
  • Yung-Tsan Jou
  • Hsu-Chang Pan
  • Tai-Yen Hsu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5639)


This research discusses the influence of code colors and duration of display to the corrective rate of visual codes working memory and the Critical Fusion Frequency (CFF) value in different gender and two age groups (high school and university). The results showed that gender has a certain effect upon the corrective rate of the visual codes working memory and on the CFF ratios. Moreover, female fencers’ CFF ratios were higher than the male fencers’. The high school participants’ CFF ratios were obviously higher than the college participants’. The color of display has a significant effect on the corrective rate of visual codes working memory. Evidence showed that the duration time of display affected the corrective rate of the visual codes working memory. The code duration of display of 0.3 second had the highest corrective rate of visual codes working memory.


duration of display visual codes working memory Critical Fusion Frequency (CFF) value color of display 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chih-Lin Chang
    • 1
  • Kai-Way Li
    • 2
  • Yung-Tsan Jou
    • 3
  • Hsu-Chang Pan
    • 4
  • Tai-Yen Hsu
    • 5
  1. 1.General Education Center, Hsiu Ping Institute of Technology,Taiwan Institute of Technology managementChung Hua UniversityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Engineering & System ManagementChung Hua UniversityHsin-Chiu CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Industrial and Systems EngineeringChung Yuan Christian UniversityChung-Li CityTaiwan
  4. 4.Hsiu Ping Institute of TechnologyTaichung CityTaiwan
  5. 5.Physical EducationNational Taichung UniversityTaichung CityTaiwan

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