Supporting Cognitive Collage Creation for Pedestrian Navigation

  • Augustinus H. J. Oomes
  • Miroslav Bojic
  • Gideon Bazen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5639)


How can we assist people in efficiently finding their way around a novel area? We tested a prototype navigation support system with 10 elderly pedestrians and found that adding landmark information considerably helped them in learning the structure of an unknown residential environment. We conclude that providing explicit landmark information in the learning phase seems beneficial for the creation of a rich “cognitive collage” that is fully functional in later phases when navigation support is not available.


human spatial navigation cognitive map cognitive collage path integration landmark recognition reorientation navigation support systems 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Goodman, J., Gray, P., Khammampad, K., Brewster, S.: Using Landmarksto Support Older People in Navigation. In: Dunlop, M.D. (ed.) Mobile HCI 2004. LNCS, vol. 3160, pp. 13–16. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    May, A.J., Ross, T., Bayer, S.H., Tarkiainen, M.J.: Pedestrian navigation aids: information requirements and design implications. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 7(6), 331–338 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ross, T., May, A., Thompson, S.: The Use of Landmarks in Pedestrian Navigation Instructions and the Effects of Context. In: Dunlop, M.D. (ed.) Mobile HCI 2004. LNCS, vol. 3160, pp. 300–304. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tolman, E.C.: Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review 55, 189–208 (1948)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tversky, B.: Cognitive maps, cognitive collages, and spatial mental models. In: Spatial Information Theory A Theoretical Basis for GIS, pp. 14–24. Springer, Heidelberg (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tversky, B., Lee, P.U.: Pictorial and Verbal Tools for Conveying Routes. In: Freksa, C., Mark, D.M. (eds.) COSIT 1999. LNCS, vol. 1661, p. 51. Springer, Heidelberg (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang, F.W., Spelke, E.S.: Human spatial representation: insights from animals. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6(9), 376–382 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wilkniss, S.M., Jones, M.G., Korol, D.L., Gold, P.E., Manning, C.A.: Age-related differences in an ecologically based study of route learning. Psychology and Aging 12(2), 372–375 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Augustinus H. J. Oomes
    • 1
  • Miroslav Bojic
    • 1
  • Gideon Bazen
    • 2
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Logica Management ConsultingAmstelveenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations