Advertisement

Carbon – Cobalt – Iron

Refractory metal systems: phase diagrams, crystallographic and thermodyamic data
  • Materials Science International Team, MSIT ®
  • Andy Watson
  • Lesley Cornish
Part of the Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV Physical Chemistry book series (volume 11E2)

Abstract

This document is part of Volume 11 ‘Ternary Alloy Systems: Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data’, Subvolume E ‘Refractory Metal Systems’, of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV ‘Physical Chemistry’.

It contains crystallographic and thermodynamic data about the ternary alloy system:C-Co-Fe

Parent documents:

SpringerMaterials home

Introduction

Keywords

refractory metal system crystallographic data lattice parameter Pearson symbol space group thermodynamic data binary systems solid phases invariant equilibria isothermal section temperature-composition section material properties applications 

References

  1. [1932Vog]
    Vogel, R., Sundermann, W., “The Iron-Cobalt-Carbon System” (in German), Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 6(1), 35–38 (1932) (Experimental, Morphology, Phase Diagram, 8)Google Scholar
  2. [1953Dra]
    Drain, J., “A Physico-Chemical Study of the Carbide” (in French), Ann. Chim. (Paris), 8(12), 900–953 (1953) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Magn. Prop., 40)Google Scholar
  3. [1956Tur]
    Turkdogan, E.T., Hancock, R.A., Herlitz, S.I., Dentan, J., “Thermodynamics of Carbon Dissolved in Iron Alloys. Part V: Solubility of Graphite in Iron-Manganese, Iron-Cobalt, and Iron-Nickel Melts”, J. Iron Steel Inst., London, 183, 69–72 (1956) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 17)Google Scholar
  4. [1959Fuw]
    Fuwa, T., Chipman, J., “Activity of Carbon in Liquid Iron Alloys”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 215, 708–716 (1959) (Calculation, Experimental, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 22)Google Scholar
  5. [1960Fuw]
    Fuwa, T., Fujikura, M., Matoba, S., “Effect of Elements on the Solubility of Graphite in Liquid Iron” (in Japanese), Tetsu to Hagane (J. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn.), 46, 235–237 (1960) (Experimental, Phase Relations, 8)Google Scholar
  6. [1960Pet]
    Petrova, E.F., Lapshina, M.I., Shvartsman, L.A., “Influence of the Alloying Elements on the Thermodynamic Activity and Carbon Solubility in α-Iron” (in Russian), Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., (4), 22–25 (1960) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 2)Google Scholar
  7. [1963Bro]
    Brown, L.C., Kirkaldy, J.S., “The Interaction Parameter for Solutions of Carbon and Cobalt in Austenite at 1000°C”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 227, 1461 (1963) (Thermodyn., Experimental, 5)Google Scholar
  8. [1963Ell]
    Elliott, J.F., Gleiser, M., Ramakrishna, V., “Iron-Carbon-j Alloys”, Thermochemistry for Steelmaking, Addision Wesley, Reading, MA, 2, 531 (1963) (Thermodyn., Review)Google Scholar
  9. [1963Sch]
    Schenck, H., Frohberg, M.G., Steinmetz, E., “Investigations on the Mutual Activities Influence in Homogeneous Metallic Substances Solubility. Part I. Experimental Investigations of Manganese-Carbon-X, Cobalt-Carbon-X, Nickel-Carbon-X Systems in Liquid State” (in German), Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 34(1), 37–42 (1963) (Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., Experimental, Review, 30)Google Scholar
  10. [1964App]
    Appleton, A.S., “The Diffusion of Carbon in Iron-Cobalt-Carbon Austenites”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 230, 893–898 (1964) (Experimental, Kinetics, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 16)Google Scholar
  11. [1964Bro]
    Brown, L.C., Kirkaldy, J.S., “Carbon Diffusion in Dilute Ternary Austenites”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 239, 223–226 (1964) (Experimental, Kinetics, 15)Google Scholar
  12. [1964Smi]
    Smith, R.P., “The Diffusivity of Carbon in γ Iron-Cobalt Alloys”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 230, 476–480 (1964) (Experimental, Kinetics, Thermodyn., 18)Google Scholar
  13. [1964Dai]
    Daines, W.L., Pehlke, R.D., “The Influence of Temperature and Alloying Elements on the Solubility of Graphite in Liquid Cobalt”, Trans. ASM, 57, 1011–1015 (1964) (Experimental, Phase Relations, 9)Google Scholar
  14. [1965Bur]
    Burylev, B.P., “Determination of the Solubility Isotherms in the Ternary System Using Thermodynamic Properties of the Binary Alloys” (in Russian), Izv. Vyss. Uchebn. Zaved., Khim., Khim. Tekhnol., 6, 910–914 (1965) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Calculation, 17)Google Scholar
  15. [1965Smi]
    Smith, R.P., “The Activity of Carbon in Iron-Cobalt Alloys at 1000°C”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 233, 397–401 (1965) (Thermodyn., Experimental, 14)Google Scholar
  16. [1966Aar]
    Aaronson, H.I., Domian, H.A., Pound, G.M., “Thermodynamics of the Austenite: Proeuctoid Ferrite Transformation. I, Fe-C Alloys”, Trans. AIME, 236, 753–767 (1966) (Thermodyn., Calculation, 43)Google Scholar
  17. [1968Bod]
    Bodsworth, C., Davidson, I.M., Atkinson, D. “Thermodynamic Properties of Interstitial Solutions of Iron-Base Alloys” Trans. AIME, 242(6), 1135–1143 (1968) (Thermodyn., Calculation, 26)Google Scholar
  18. [1968Chi]
    Chipman, J., Brush, E.F., “The Activity of Carbon in Alloyed Austentite at 1000°C”, Trans. AIME, 242, 35–41 (1968) (Thermodyn., Calculation, Review, 21)Google Scholar
  19. [1968Zup]
    Zupp, R.R., Stevenson, D.A., “Statistical Thermodynamics of Carbon in Ternary Austenitic Iron-Base Alloys”, Trans. AIME, 242, 862–869 (1968) (Thermodyn., Calculation, 35)Google Scholar
  20. [1969Fra]
    Fray, D.J., Chipman, J., “The Solubility of Graphite in Fe-Ni and Fe-Co Alloys at 1000°C”, Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 245, 1143–1144 (1969) (Phase Relations, Experimental, 4)Google Scholar
  21. [1969Ruh]
    Ruhl, R.C., Cohen, M., “Splat Quenching of Iron-Carbon Alloys”, Trans. AIME, 245, 241–251 (1969) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Phase Relations, 50)Google Scholar
  22. [1969Sch]
    Schuermann, E., Kramer, D., “Investigations on the Influence of Temperature and on the Equivalent Effect of the Alloy Elements on the Solubility of Carbon in Iron-Rich Carbon-Saturated Ternary and Multi-component Meltings” (in German), Giessereiforschung, 21(1), 29–42 (1969) (Phase Relations, Experimental, 35)Google Scholar
  23. [1971Ale]
    Alex, K., Mclellan, R.B., “A Quasi-Chemical Approach to the Thermodynamics of Ternary Solid Solutions Containing Both Substitutional and Interstitial Solute Atoms”, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 32(2), 449–451 (1971) (Thermodyn., Calculation, 24)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. [1972Foo]
    Foo, E.H., Lupis, C.H.P., “Activity of Carbon in Liquid Iron Alloys at 1550°C”, Metall. Trans., 3, 2125–2131 (1972) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Experimental, 18)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [1972Wil]
    Williams, R., Bodsworth, C., “Effect of Cobalt, Copper and Manganese on the Thermodynamic Activity of Carbon in Iron-Base Austenites”, J. Iron Steel Inst., London, 210, 106–110 (1972) (Phase Relations, Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., Experimental, 11)Google Scholar
  26. [1973Kin]
    Kinsman K.R., Aaronson H.I., “Influence of Al, Co, and Si upon the Kinetics of the Proeutectoid Ferrite Reaction”, Metall. Trans. A, 4(4), 959–967 (1973) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Mechan. Prop., 51)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. [1976Ko]
    Ko, M., Sakuma, T., Nishizawa, T., “Effect of Magnetism on the Partition of Alloying Elements Between Cementite and Ferrite” (in Japanese), J. Jpn. Inst. Met., 40(6), 593–601 (1976) (Phase Relations, Experimental, Magn. Prop., 37)Google Scholar
  28. [1977Uhr]
    Uhrenius, B., “Optimization of Parameters Describing the Interaction Between Carbon and Alloying Elements in Ternary Austenite”, Scand. J. Metall., 6(2), 83–89 (1977) (Thermodyn., Calculation, 24)Google Scholar
  29. [1983Jan1]
    Janas, M., Mamro, K., Ludwikowski, S., Jowsa, J., “Carbon Solubility in Fe-C(max)-Al, Fe-C(max)-Co, Fe-C(max)-Cu Alloys”, Metal. Odlew., 9(2), 99–118 (1983) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Experimental, 7)Google Scholar
  30. [1983Jan2]
    Janas, M., Mamro, K., Jowsa, J., Ludwikowski, S., “Assessment of Ferrous Alloy Component Influence on Carbon Solubility” (in Polish), Metal. Odlew., 9(3), 213–228 (1983) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Experimental, 28)Google Scholar
  31. [1984Riv]
    Rivlin,V.G., “Phase Equilibria in Iron Ternary Alloys. 13: Critical Evaluation of the Constitution of Ternary Systems C-Fe-X (X = Co, Ni, Cu)”, Int. Met. Rev., 29(2), 96–121 (1984) (Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Review, 76)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  32. [1985Eno]
    Enomoto, M., Aaronson H.I., “Calculation of α+γ Phase Boundaries in Fe-C-X Systems from the Central Atoms Model”, Calphad, 9(1), 43–58 (1985) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Calculation, 31)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [1986Eno1]
    Enomoto, M., Aaronson H.I., “Nucleation Kinetics of Proeutectoid Ferrite at Austenite Grain Boundaries in Fe-C-X Alloys”, Metall. Trans. A, 17A(8), 1385–1397, (1986) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Calculation, Experimental, Kinetics, 53)ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. [1986Eno2]
    Enomoto, M., Lange, W.F., III, Aaronson, H.I., “The Kinetics of Ferrite Nucleation at Austenite Grain Edges in Fe-C and Fe-C-X Alloys”, Metall. Trans. A, 17A(8), 1399–1407 (1986) (Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Calculation, Experimental, Kinetics, 19)ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. [1987Gui]
    Guillermet, A.F., “Thermodynamic Analysis of the Co-C System”, Z. Metallkd., 78, 700–709 (1987) (Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., Assessment, #, *, 47)Google Scholar
  36. [1988Gui]
    Guillermet, A.F., “Thermodynamic Properties of the Fe-Co-C System”, Z. Metallkd., 79(5), 317–329 (1988) (Phase Diagram, Thermodyn., Assessment, 52)Google Scholar
  37. [1988Hoc]
    Hoch, M., “Phase Stability of Carbon in FCC and BCC Metals”, Calphad, 12(1), 83–88 (1988) (Thermodyn., Calculation, Theory, 15)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [1988Ray]
    Raynor, G.V., Rivlin, V.G., “C-Co-Fe”, in “Phase Equilibria in Iron Ternary Alloys”, Institute of Metals, London, 140–142 (1988) (Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Review, 9)Google Scholar
  39. [1990Put]
    Putyatin, A.A., Kozlovskii, V.F., “Pressure Effect on the Phase Equilibrium in the Alloys of the Iron-Manganese-Cobalt-Carbon System”, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 2: Khim., 31(4), 367–369 (1990) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Phase Diagram, 8)Google Scholar
  40. [1990Pav]
    Pavel, E., Baluta, Gh., Barb, D., Gheorghe, L., Ilie, Gh., Lazar, D.P., Morariu, M., Giurgiu, C., “(Fe1–xMex)3C Carbide Identification in Synthetic Diamond Crystals Produced at High Pressure and High Temperature in Fe-Me-C Systems, where Me = Ni, Co”, Mater. Lett. 10 ( 1–2 ), 62–65 (1990) (Morphology, Phase Relations, Experimental, 9)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [1991Pav]
    Pavel, E., Pintiliescu, L., Baluta, Gh., Giurgiu, C., Barb, D., Lazar, D.P., Morariu, M., “The Ternary Constitution Diagrams for the Fe-Ni-C and Fe-Co-C Systems at 5.7 GPa”, Physica B, 175(4), 354–360 (1991) (Morphology, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., Experimental, Calculation, 21)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. [1993Koc]
    Kocherzhinskii, Y.A., Kulik, O.G., Turkevich, V.Z., “Phase Equilibria in the Fe-Ni-C and Fe-Co-C Systems under High Temperatures and High Pressures”, High Temp. - High Pressures, 25, 113–116 (1993) (Phase Diagram, Calculation, Experimental, 9)Google Scholar
  43. [1993Tur]
    Turkevich, V.Z., Kulik, O.G., “Calculation of Melt-Solid Equilibrium in the Fe-Co-C and Fe-Ni-C Systems Under Pressures Up To 6 GPa”, Dop. Akad. Nauk Ukr., (7), 75–80 (1993) (Calculation, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 15)Google Scholar
  44. [1993Wit]
    Witusievich, V.T., Shumikhin, V.S., “Enthalpy of Formation of Molten Fe-Mn(Co, Ni)-C Systems” (in Russian), Rasplavy, 5, 78–80 (1993) (Thermodyn., Experimental, 13)Google Scholar
  45. [1994Rag]
    Raghavan, V., “The C-Co-Fe System”, J. Phase Equilib., 15(4), 416–417 (1994) (Phase Diagram, Review, 7)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [1994Wit]
    Witusiewicz, V.T., “Thermodynamic Properties of Liquid Alloys of 3d Transition Metals with Metalloids (Silicon, Carbon and Boron)”, J. Alloys Compd., 203, 103–116 (1994) (Thermodyn., Experimental, 89)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [1995Tur]
    Turkevich, V.Z., Kulik, O.G., “High Pressure Influence on the Phase Diagram Construction of 3-d Transition Metals with Carbon Systems”, High Press. Res., 14(1–3), 175–180 (1995) (Experimental, Calculation, Phase Relations, 8)ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. [1996Koc]
    Kocherzhinski, Yu.A., Kulik, O.G., “Equilibrium Phase Diagrams and Manufacture of Synthetic Diamond”, Powder Metall. Met. Cer., 35(7–8), 470–483 (1996) (Experimental, Phase Relations, 37)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [2000Li]
    Li, L., “High Strength and High Induction Co-27-Fe-Co-0.23 Soft Magnetic Alloy for Forge Application”, J. Appl. Phys., 87(9), 6523–6524 (2000) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., Mechan. Prop., 3)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. [2001Zha]
    Zhang, Z.D., Zheng, J.G., Skorvanek, I., Wen, G.H., Kovac, J., Wang, F.W., Yu, J.L., Li, Z.J., Dong, X.L., Jin, S.R., Liu, W., Zhang, X.X., “Shell/Core Structure and Magnetic Properties of Carbon-Coated Fe-Co(C) Nanocapsules”, J. Phys.-Condes. Matter., 13(9), 1921–1929 (2001) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 12).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. [2002Ohn]
    Ohnuma, I., Enoki, H., Ikeda, O., Kainuma, R., Ohtani, H., Sundman, B., Ishida, K., “Phase Equilibria in the Fe-Co Binary System”, Acta Mater., 50, 379–393 (2002) (Assessment, Calculation, Experimental, Phase Relations, Thermodyn., 50)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [2002Rag]
    Raghavan, V., “C-Co-Fe (Carbon-Cobalt-Iron)”, J. Phase Equilib., 23(6), 511–512 (2002) (Phase Relations, Review, 8)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  53. [2003Zab]
    Zabinski, P.R., Meguro, S., Asami, K., Hashimoto, K., “Electrodeposited Co-Fe and Co-Fe-C Alloys for Hydrogen Evolution in a hot 8 kmol m(-3) NaOH Solution”, Mater. Trans., 44(11), 2350–2355 (2003) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Electrochemistry, 15)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. [2004Aar]
    Aaronson, H.I., Reynolds, W.T., Purdy, G.R., “Coupled-Solute Drag Effect on Ferrite Formation in Fe-C-X Systems”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 35A(4), 1187–1210 (2004) (Experimental, Interface Phenomena, Kinetics, Morphology, Phase Relations, 148)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [2004Sai]
    Saitoh, H., Yoshinaga, N., Ushioda, K., “Influence of Substitutional Atoms on the Snoek Peak of Carbon in b.c.c. Iron”, Acta Mater., 52(5), 1255–1261 (2004) (Experimental, Review, Interface Phenomena, Kinetics, Morphology, Phase Relations, 148)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. [2004Sun]
    Sundar, R.S., Deevi, S.C., “Influence of Alloying Elements on the Mechanical Properties of FeCo-V Alloys”, Intermetallics, 12(7–9), 921–927 (2004) (Magn. Prop., Mechan. Prop., Morphology, Review, 32)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. [2004Tao]
    Tao, D.P., “A Thermodynamic Model for Solid Solutions and Its Application to the C-Fe-Co, C-Fe-Ni and Mn-Cr-Pt Solid Dilutions”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 366(2), 239–274 (2004) (Calculation, Theory, Thermodyn., 26)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. [2004Zab]
    Zabinski, P.R., Meguro, S., Asami, K., Hashimoto, K., “Electrodeposited Co-Fe and Co-Fe-C Alloys for Hydrogen Evolution in a hot 8 kmol m(-3) NaOH Solution”, J. Jpn. Inst. Met., 68(7), 456–461 (2004) (Experimental, Phase Relations, Electrochemistry, 15)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [2005Kit]
    Kitamoto, Y., Tagami, H., Kiyota G., “Microstructural and Magnetic Study of Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Thin Films of Fe-C and Fe-Co-C Deposited with Sputtering”, IEEE Trans. Magn., 41(10), 3295–3297 (2005) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 4)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. [2005Kiy]
    Kiyota, G., Kitamoto, Y., Yamazaki, Y., “Fabrication of Fe-Co-C Thin Films Using Facing Targets Sputtering Method”, Electrochim. Acta., 51(5 Special Issue SI), 921–923 (2005) (Experimental, Magn. Prop., 5).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. [2005Miy]
    Miyamoto, N., Sakamoto, S., Tamura, H., Matsuoka, M., Tamaki, J., “Effect of Carbon Content on Structural and Mechanical Properties of Fe-Co-C Alloy Electrodeposited from Aqueous Solutions”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 152(7), C488–C492 (2005) (Crys. Structure, Experimental, Mechan. Prop., 16).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [2005Sun]
    Sundar, R.S., Deevi, S.C., “Soft Magnetic Fe-Co Alloys: Alloy Development, Processing, and Properties”, Int. Mater. Rev., 50(3), 157–192 (2005) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, Magn. Prop., Electr. Prop., Mechan. Prop., Review, 258)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [2006MSIT]
    “C-Fe (Iron-Carbon)”, Diagrams as Published, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), Materials Science International Services, GmbH, Stuttgart; Document ID: 30.13598.1.20 (2006) (Crys. Structure, Phase Diagram, Phase Relations, 2)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Materials Science International Team, MSIT ®
    • 1
  • Andy Watson
  • Lesley Cornish
  1. 1.Materials Science International Services GmbHStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations