Advertisement

The goals, achievements, and tools of modern geodesy

  • H.-P. Plag
  • Z. Altamimi
  • S. Bettadpur
  • G. Beutler
  • G. Beyerle
  • A. Cazenave
  • D. Crossley
  • A. Donnellan
  • R. Forsberg
  • R. Gross
  • J. Hinderer
  • A. Komjathy
  • C. Ma
  • A.J. Mannucci
  • C. Noll
  • A. Nothnagel
  • E.C. Pavlis
  • M. Pearlman
  • P. Poli
  • U. Schreiber
  • K. Senior
  • P.L. Woodworth
  • S. Zerbini
  • C. Zuffada
Chapter

Friedrich Robert Helmert (1843-1917) defined geodesy as the science “of measurements and mappings of the Earth’s surface”. Over time, this definition of geodesy has been extended, mainly as a consequence of technological developments allowing geodesy to observe the Earth on global scales with high accuracy. Today, geodesy is the science of determining the geometry, gravity field, and rotation of the Earth and their evolution in time. This understanding of modern geodesy has led to the definition of the “three pillars of geodesy”, namely (1) Geokinematics, (2) Earth Rotation and (3) the Gravity Field (see Figure 1.1 on page 4). These three pillars are intrinsically linked to each other, and they jointly change as a consequence of dynamical processes in the Earth system as a whole.

Keywords

Global Position System Total Electron Content Tide Gauge Global Position System Receiver Superconducting Gravimeter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-P. Plag
    • 1
  • Z. Altamimi
    • 2
  • S. Bettadpur
    • 3
  • G. Beutler
    • 4
  • G. Beyerle
    • 5
  • A. Cazenave
    • 6
  • D. Crossley
    • 7
  • A. Donnellan
    • 8
  • R. Forsberg
    • 9
  • R. Gross
    • 10
  • J. Hinderer
    • 11
  • A. Komjathy
    • 12
  • C. Ma
    • 13
  • A.J. Mannucci
    • 14
  • C. Noll
    • 15
  • A. Nothnagel
    • 16
  • E.C. Pavlis
    • 17
  • M. Pearlman
    • 18
  • P. Poli
    • 19
  • U. Schreiber
    • 20
  • K. Senior
    • 21
  • P.L. Woodworth
    • 22
  • S. Zerbini
    • 23
  • C. Zuffada
    • 24
  1. 1.Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, and Seismological LaboratoryUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA
  2. 2.Institut Géographique National Laboratoire de Recherche en Géodésie (LAREG)Champs-sur-MarneFrance
  3. 3.Center for Space ResearchThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  4. 4.Astronomical InstituteUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  5. 5.GeoForschungsZentrumPostdamGermany
  6. 6.Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales, LEGOS-CNESObservatoire Midi-PyrénéesToulouseFrance
  7. 7.Earth and Atmospheric SciencesSaint Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  8. 8.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  9. 9.DTU Space, National Space InstituteDanish Technical UniversityCopenhagenDenmark
  10. 10.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  11. 11.Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la TerreInstitut de Physique du Globe de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  12. 12.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  13. 13.Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  14. 14.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  15. 15.Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  16. 16.Geodetic InstituteUniversität BonnBonnGermany
  17. 17.Joint Center for Earth Systems TechnologyUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  18. 18.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for AstrophysicsCambridgeUSA
  19. 19.Météo FranceCentre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRS/GAME), CNRM/GMAPToulouseFrance
  20. 20.Forschungseinrichtung SatellitengeodäsieTechnical University of Munich, FundamentalstationWettzellKötztingGermany
  21. 21.U.S. Naval ObservatoryWashington DCU.S
  22. 22.Proudman Oceanographic LaboratoryLiverpoolU.K
  23. 23.Department of Physics, Sector of GeophysicsUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  24. 24.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

Personalised recommendations