Advertisement

Reversing the Simon Effect with Prior Practice of Noncorresponding Location Words

  • Andrea Rottermann
  • Kim-Phuong L. Vu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5617)

Abstract

A benefit for spatial correspondence, called the Simon effect, is typically obtained in choice-reaction time tasks when the stimulus location is irrelevant to the task. Reversal of the Simon effect to favor noncorresponding stimulus-response locations has been obtained for physical-location stimuli after minimal practice (84 trials) with an incompatible spatial mapping. After practice with location-word stimuli, the Simon effect for physical locations is not reduced. The present study evaluated whether practice with “incompatibly” mapped location words can reverse the Simon effect when the practice session emphasizes color-to-response mappings rather than spatial mappings. Two conditions were tested in which the proportion of noncorresponding to corresponding trials was manipulated in the practice session. A full reversal was evident when all trials in the practice session were noncorresponding. Implications for interface design are discussed.

Keywords

Simon effect stimulus–response compatibility practice-transfer paradigm 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Proctor, R.W., Vu, K.-P.L.: Stimulus-Response Compatibility Principles: Data, Theory, and Application. Boca Raton, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kornblum, S., Hasbroucq, T., Osman, A.: Dimensional Overlap: Cognitive Basis for Stimulus-Response Compatibility-a Model and Taxonomy 97(2), 253–270 (1990)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Simon, J.R.: The Effects of an Irrelevant Directional cue on Human Information Processing. In: Proctor, R.W., Reeve, T.G. (eds.) Stimulus-Response Compatibility: An Integrated Perspective. North-Holland, Amsterdam (1990)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Proctor, R.W., Lu, C.-H.: Processing Irrelevant Location Information: Practice and Transfer Effects in Choice Reaction Time Tasks. Mem. & Cog. 27(1), 63–77 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vu, K.-P.L., Rabas, A., Roberson, R.: The Effects of Practice and Speed Stress with Different Stimulus-Response Mappings. In: Smith, J., Salvendy, G. (eds.) Human Interface, Part I, HCII 2009. LNCS, vol. 5617. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dutta, A., Proctor, R.W.: Persistence of Stimulus-Response Compatibility Effects with Extended Practice. J. of Exp. Psy.: Learning, Memory, & Cognition 18(4), 801–809 (1992)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tagliabue, M., Zorzi, M., Umiltà, C., Bassignani, F.: The role of LTM links and STM links in the Simon effect. J. of Exp. Psy.: Human Perception and Performance 26, 648–670 (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Proctor, R.W., Yamaguchi, M., Zhang, Y., Vu, K.-P.L.: Modulation of Spatial Correspondence Effects by Learned Incompatible Stimulus-Response Association: Transfer Within and Between Different Visual Stimulus Modes. J. of Exp. Psy.: Learning, Memory, & Cognition (in press)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vu, K.-P.L.: Influences on the Simon effect of prior practice with spatially incompatible mappings: Transfer within and between horizontal and vertical dimensions. Mem. & Cog. 35, 1463–1471 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Destrebecqz, A., Cleeremans, A.: Can Sequence Learning be Implicit? New Evidence with the Process Dissociation Procedure. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 8, 343–350 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Rottermann
    • 1
  • Kim-Phuong L. Vu
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept of PsychologyCalifornia State University Long BeachLong BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations