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Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation on Emergency Evacuation

  • Chuanjun Ren
  • Chenghui Yang
  • Shiyao Jin
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 5)

Abstract

Crowd stampedes and evacuation induced by panic caused by emergences often lead to fatalities as people are crushed, injured, trampled or even dead. Such phenomena may be triggered in life-threatening situations such as fires, explosions in crowded buildings. Emergency evacuation simulation has recently attracted the interest of a rapidly increasing number of scientists. This paper presents an Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation using Repast software to construct crowd evacuations for emergency response from an area under a fire. Various types of agents and different attributes of agents are designed in contrast to traditional modeling. The attributes that govern the characteristics of the people are studied and tested by iterative simulations. Simulations are also conducted to demonstrate the effect of various parameters of agents. Some interesting results were observed such as "faster is slower" and the ignorance of available exits. At last, simulation results suggest practical ways of minimizing the harmful consequences of such events and the existence of an optimal escape strategy.

Keywords

Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation Evacuation Escape Panic Repast Simphony 

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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuanjun Ren
    • 1
  • Chenghui Yang
    • 2
  • Shiyao Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.National Laboratory for Parallel & Distributed Processing, College of Computer ScienceNational University of Defense TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.College of Electrical EngineeringNorthwest University for NationalitiesLanzhouChina

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