Template Update Methods in Adaptive Biometric Systems: A Critical Review

  • Ajita Rattani
  • Biagio Freni
  • Gian Luca Marcialis
  • Fabio Roli
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5558)


Template representativeness is a fundamental problem in a biometric recognition system. The performance of the system degrades if the enrolled templates are un-representative of the substantial intra-class variations encountered in the input biometric samples. Recently, several template updates methods based on supervised and semi-supervised learning have been proposed in the literature with an aim to update the enrolled templates to the intra-class variations of the input data. However, the state of art related to template update is still in its infancy. This paper presents a critical review of the current approaches to template updating in order to analyze the state of the art in terms of advancement reached and open issues remain.


Biometric System Biometric Template Template Selection Offline Method Face Verification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajita Rattani
    • 1
  • Biagio Freni
    • 1
  • Gian Luca Marcialis
    • 1
  • Fabio Roli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringUniversity of CagliariItaly

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