Ancient Gold Mining in Rosia Montana (Apuseni Mts, Romania)
Rosia Montana, or Alburnus Maior as was called by the Romans, is a famous ancient gold mining area located in the Apuseni Mts, at the western boundary of Transylvania, Romania. Its richness in gold was known and valued by ancient exploitations of river sediments or shallow veins long before the Roman conquest of Dacia (Motiu, 2004). In fact, the gold of Dacia was the very reason for the two wars between the Romans and the Dacians; in 106 AD. Dacia became a Roman province located at the northern limit of the empire.
KeywordsRiver Sediment Western Boundary Local Inhabitant Archaeological Find Natural Monument
Lucian Muntean is thanked by the authors for kindly offering some of the illustrations used in this paper.
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