Ancient Gold Mining in Rosia Montana (Apuseni Mts, Romania)

  • Dumitru IoaneEmail author
  • Horea Bedelean


Rosia Montana, or Alburnus Maior as was called by the Romans, is a famous ancient gold mining area located in the Apuseni Mts, at the western boundary of Transylvania, Romania. Its richness in gold was known and valued by ancient exploitations of river sediments or shallow veins long before the Roman conquest of Dacia (Motiu, 2004). In fact, the gold of Dacia was the very reason for the two wars between the Romans and the Dacians; in 106 AD. Dacia became a Roman province located at the northern limit of the empire.


River Sediment Western Boundary Local Inhabitant Archaeological Find Natural Monument 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Lucian Muntean is thanked by the authors for kindly offering some of the illustrations used in this paper.


  1. Damian, P. (Editor). 2003. Alburnus Maior I. ARTA GRAFICA Publishing House, Bucuresti.Google Scholar
  2. Ioane, D., Marunteanu, C., Bedelean, H., Oaie, G. & Santimbrean, A. 2007. Next future for Rosia Montana, Romania: geotourism or gold mining? Integration of the geomorphological environment and cultural heritage for tourism promotion and hazard prevention, Italo-Maltese Workshop Abstracts Volume, Malta.Google Scholar
  3. Motiu, I. 2004. Dacia Provincia Augusti. CORINT Publishing House, Bucuresti.Google Scholar
  4. Santimbrean, A. & Bedelean, H. 2002. Rosia Montana – Alburnus Maior, Cetate de scaun a aurului romanesc. ALTIP Publishing House, Alba Iulia.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.“Babes-Bolyai” UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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