Advertisement

Content in Embedded Sentences

A Typology by Context Shift
  • Uli Sauerland
  • Mathias Schenner
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5398)

Abstract

In this overview, we look at embedded clauses that report somebody’s attitude or speech. Semantic content in the embedded clause can in some such cases be interpreted from either of two perspectives: that of the speaker or that of the attitude holder/speaker being reported on. Other classes of content do not exhibit this ambiguity. Our overview shows which factors determine the interpretation of embedded linguistic and non-linguistic material and develop a partial explanation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anand, P.: De de se. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass (2006)Google Scholar
  2. Anand, P.: Re-expressing judgment. Theoretical Linguistics 33(2) (2007)Google Scholar
  3. Anand, P., Nevins, A.: Shifty operators in changing contexts. Unpublished Ms., MIT (2004)Google Scholar
  4. Belazi, H.M., Rubin, E.J., Toribio, A.J.: Code switching and X-bar theory: the functional head constraint. Linguistic Inquiry 25, 221–237 (1994)Google Scholar
  5. Cristofaro, S.: Subordination (2003)Google Scholar
  6. DeRose, K.: Contextualism: An explanation and defense. In: The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology, pp. 187–205. Blackwell Publisher, Oxford (1999)Google Scholar
  7. Everett, D.: Cultural constraints on grammar and cognition in Piraha: Another look at the Design Features of human language. Current Anthropology 46, 621–646 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Garrett, E.J.: Evidentiality and Assertion in Tibetan. PhD thesis, UCLA, Los Angeles (2001)Google Scholar
  9. Grice, H.P.: Meaning. Philosophical Review 66, 377–388 (1957); reprinted in Grice, 213–223 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grice, P.: Studies in the Way of Words. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1989)Google Scholar
  11. Hacquard, V.: Aspects of Modality. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass (2006)Google Scholar
  12. Heim, I., Kratzer, A.: Semantics in Generative Grammar. Blackwell, Oxford (1998)Google Scholar
  13. Hockett, C.F.: The origin of speech. Scientific American 203, 88–96 (1960)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kaplan, D.: On the logic of demonstratives. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8, 81–98 (1978)MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. Keshet, E.: Good Intensions: Paving Two Roads to a Theory of the De re /De dicto Distinction. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass (2008)Google Scholar
  16. Lillo-Martin, D.: The point of view predicate in American Sign Language. In: Emmorey, K., Reilly, J.S. (eds.) Language, Gesture and Space, pp. 155–170. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale (1995)Google Scholar
  17. Malamoud, S.: Semantics and Pragmatics of Arbitrariness. PhD thesis, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (2006)Google Scholar
  18. Percus, O.: Constraints on some other variables in syntax. Natural Language Semantics 8, 173–229 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Potts, C.: The expressive dimension. Theoretical Linguistics 33(2) (2007)Google Scholar
  20. Quer, J.: Context shift and indexical variables in sign languages. In: Georgala, E., Howell, J. (eds.) Proceedings from SALT 15, pp. 152–168. CLC Publications, Ithaca, NY (2005)Google Scholar
  21. Quine, W.V.: Quantifiers and propositional attitudes. Journal of Philosophy 53, 177–187 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sauerland, U.: A new semantics for number. In: The Proceedings of SALT 13, Ithaca, N.Y, pp. 258–275. Cornell University, CLC-Publications (2003)Google Scholar
  23. Sauerland, U.: Beyond unpluggability. Theoretical Linguistics 33(2), 231–236 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sauerland, U., Sakel, J., Stapert, E.: Syntactic vs. semantic embedding (in preparation)Google Scholar
  25. Sauerland, U., Schenner, M.: Embedded evidentials in Bulgarian. In: Puig-Waldmüller, E. (ed.) Proceedings of SuB 11, pp. 495–509. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (2007)Google Scholar
  26. Schlenker, P.: A plea for monsters. Linguistics and Philosophy 26, 29–120 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schlenker, P.: Expressive presuppositions. Theoretical Linguistics 33(2) (2007)Google Scholar
  28. Schlenker, P.: Indexicality and de se reports (2008)Google Scholar
  29. Spelke, E.: What makes us smart? Core knowledge and natural language. In: Gentner, D., Goldin-Meadow, S. (eds.) Language in Mind, pp. 279–311. MIT-Press, Cambridge (2003)Google Scholar
  30. Stephenson, T.C.: Judge dependence, epistemic modals, and predicates of personal taste. Linguistics and Philosophy (to appear) (2008)Google Scholar
  31. Yang, C.D.: Knowledge and Learning in Natural Language. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2002)Google Scholar
  32. Zimmermann, T.E.: Kontexttheorie (Context Theory). In: Von Stechow, A., Wunderlich, D. (eds.) Semantik: Ein internationales Handbuch der zeitgenössischen Forschung (Semantics: An International Handbook of Contemporary Research), ch. 9, pp. 156–229. De Gruyter, Berlin (1991)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uli Sauerland
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mathias Schenner
    • 2
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityUSA
  2. 2.ZAS BerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations