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Signaling Pathways in Biliary Epithelial Cells

  • M. Fatima Leite
  • Viviane A. Andrade
  • Michael H. NathansonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Biliary epithelial cells, or cholangiocytes, line the lumen of the biliary tree. Like hepatocytes, cholangiocytes are a polarized epithelium with structural features that include well-defined apical and basolateral membrane domains. Cholangiocytes constitute approximately 5% of the mass of the liver and play an important role in the formation of bile by altering primary canalicular bile through a series of secretory and reabsorptive events. These events are regulated by peptide hormones, nucleotides, bile salts, growth factors, cytokines, and neurotransmitters that bind to and stimulate specific apical or basolateral surface membrane receptors, which in turn initiate intracellular signal transduction pathways that regulate cell function. In addition to their role in the modification of ductal bile, cholangiocytes participate in the detoxification of xenobiotics [1].

Keywords

Bile Duct Bile Acid Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Biliary Atresia Primary Cilium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by NIH grants TW01451, DK61747, DK45710, DK34989, and DK57751 and by a grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Fatima Leite
    • 1
  • Viviane A. Andrade
    • 1
  • Michael H. Nathanson
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of MedicineYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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