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Applications of Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction to the Study of the Phase Behavior in Liquid Crystalline Polymers

  • E. PérezEmail author
  • J.P. Fernández-Blázquez
  • A. Martnez-Gómez
  • A. Bello
  • M.L. Cerrada
  • R. Benavente
  • J.M. Perena
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 776)

Abstract

Liquid crystalline polymers are an important class of materials in which the existence of mesophases may control dramatically the physical properties. The phase behavior of liquid crystalline polymers is usually rather complicated, and many of these materials exhibit polymorphism and/or polymesomorphism. A combination of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction techniques is a very useful tool for the study of the phase behavior. Moreover, taking advantage of the extremely high intensity of synchrotron radiation, very short acquisition times can be used, so that the corresponding experiments can be performed under real-time conditions, and temperature programs similar to those employed in DSC can be imposed to the samples. In this chapter the application of synchrotron X-ray diffraction to the study of the phase behavior in liquid crystalline polymers is reviewed, with several examples in both main-chain and side-chain liquid crystalline polymers, analyzing the three scattering regions of interest: small-angle (SAXS), middle-angle (MAXS), and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), in real-time variable-temperature experiments.

Keywords

Differential Scanning Calorimetry Phase Behavior Liquid Crystalline Polymer Smectic Layer Mesogenic Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Pérez
    • 1
    Email author
  • J.P. Fernández-Blázquez
    • 1
  • A. Martnez-Gómez
    • 1
  • A. Bello
    • 1
  • M.L. Cerrada
    • 1
  • R. Benavente
    • 1
  • J.M. Perena
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros (CSIC)Spain

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