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Simultaneous Calorimetric, Dielectric, and SAXS/WAXS Experiments During Polymer Crystallization

  • A. WurmEmail author
  • A.A. Minakov
  • C. Schick
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 776)

Abstract

As extensively described in Chaps. 5 and 7, high-intensity synchrotron radiation offers the possibility to perform simultaneously and in real time small, medium, and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS, MAXS, and WAXS, nobreak respectively). In order to understand a broad range of physical phenomena like, for example nucleation, crystallization, and other phase transitions in polymers, polymer-based nobreak composites, or in liquid crystals simultaneous experiments with a nobreak combination of different methods are useful. Due to different sample geometry and thermal nobreak conditions, it is usually difficult to compare the results of different individual experiments. As an important supplement to the classical techniques for studying crystallization like SAXS, WAXS, or differential scanning calorimetry, measurements which test molecular mobility like dielectric or mechanical spectroscopy are of interest during isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization. From such simultaneous experiments, we can learn about the existence of pre-ordered structures before formation of crystals, as detected by DSC or X-ray scattering. In this chapter, we present the development of a device for simultaneous measurements of electrical properties and SAXS/WAXS intensities, which was extended to a microcalorimeter and allows measuring thermal properties like heat capacity and thermal conductivity additionally at the same time and at the same sample volume.

Keywords

Heat Capacity Dielectric Permittivity Isothermal Crystallization Electrode Polarization Copper Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Rostock Inst. of Physics, Universitätsplatz 318051 RostockGermany

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