Bases of Synchrotron Radiation, Light Sources, and Features of X-Ray Scattering Beamlines

  • M.C. García-GutiérrezEmail author
  • D.R. Rueda
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 776)


A brief introduction to the laboratory X-ray tubes is followed by an overview of the appearing and development of synchrotron light sources. A general background about the generation process of synchrotron radiation which is result of the relativistic electron–magnetic field interaction is presented. The main components of a synchrotron are described. It is pointed out the lowering in electron beam emittance achieved for the consecutive generations of synchrotron radiation sources. The properties and spectrum of synchrotron light produced by bending magnets are succinctly described as well as their improvement by the use of insertion devices (wigglers and undulators). Particular reference to non-crystalline diffraction systems, main research techniques, list of the X-ray scattering beamlines available at the running synchrotrons as well as the main requirements for such beamlines are given. The first hard- and soft X-ray synchrotron radiation facilities are addressed pointing out the actual tendency to build third-generation synchrotrons of ≈ 3 GeV and storage ring sizes around 300 m. Finally, the actual running tests of free electron laser sources are also mentioned.


Synchrotron Radiation Storage Ring Straight Sector Synchrotron Radiation Source Beam Emittance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC.28006 MadridSpain

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