Mammograms in Cosmetic Breast Surgery

  • Melvin A. Shiffman

The use of preoperative and postoperative mammo-grams in cosmetic surgery has never been standardized. There appears to be some consensus that at least preop-erative mammograms should be obtained according to the recommendations of the American Cancer Society for screening mammography. Women at average risk should begin monthly self-breast examination at age 20, clinical breast examination every 3 years from age 20 to 39, and annual mammogram and clinical breast examination starting at age 40 [1]. There is no specific surveillance strategy for women at higher risk for breast cancer, but these patients may benefit by earlier initiation of screening, screening at shorter intervals, and screening with additional methods such as ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging [1].


Breast Cancer Cosmetic Surgery Breast Augmentation Breast Reduction Clinical Breast Examination 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melvin A. Shiffman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryTustin Hospital and Medical CenterTustinUSA

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