Periareolar Mammaplasty for the Treatment of Gynecomastia with Breast Ptosis

  • Marco Túlio Rodrigues da Cunha
  • José Fernando Borges Bento
  • Antonio Roberto Bozola

Gynecomastia, or enlargement of the male breast, may lead to serious psychological disturbances. The most common patient complaint is his embarrassment of his body image.

Simon et al. [1], in 1973, described a clinical classifi-cation after analysis of 77 cases of gynecomastia: Grade 1, small, visible breast enlargement without skin redundancy; Grade 2A, moderate breast enlargement without skin redundancy; Grade 2B, moderate enlargement with skin redundancy; Grade 3, marked breast enlargement with marked skin redundancy.


Male Breast Excess Skin Purse String Sternal Notch Areola Complex 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Túlio Rodrigues da Cunha
    • 1
  • José Fernando Borges Bento
    • 2
  • Antonio Roberto Bozola
    • 3
  1. 1.Rua Alfen PaixãoUberabaBrazil
  2. 2.Avenida Santos DumontUberabaBrazil
  3. 3.Avenida Jose MuniaSão Jose do Rio PretoBrazil

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