Chaotic Pattern Recognition: The Spectrum of Properties of the Adachi Neural Network
Chaotic Pattern Recognition (PR) is a relatively new sub-field of PR in which a system, which demonstrates chaotic behavior under normal conditions, resonates when it is presented with a pattern that it is trained with. The Adachi Neural Network (AdNN) is a classic neural structure which has been proven to demonstrate the phenomenon of Associative Memory (AM). In their pioneering paper [1,2] , Adachi and his co-authors showed that the AdNN also emanates periodic outputs on being exposed to trained patterns. This was later utilized by Calitoiu et al [4,5] to design systems which possibly possessed PR capabilities. In this paper, we show that the previously reported properties of the AdNN do not adequately describe the dynamics of the system. Rather, although it possesses far more powerful PR and AM properties than was earlier known, it goes through a spectrum of characteristics as one of its crucial parameters, α, changes. As α increases, the AdNN which is first an AM become quasi-chaotic. The system is then distinguished by two phases which really do not have clear boundaries of demarcation. In the former of these phases it is quasi-chaotic for some patterns and periodic for others. In the latter of these, it exhibits properties that have been unknown (or rather, unreported) till now, namely, a PR capability (which even recognizes masked or occluded patterns) in which the network resonates sympathetically for trained patterns while it is quasi-chaotic for untrained patterns. Finally, the system becomes completely periodic. All these results are, to the best of our knowledge, novel.
KeywordsChaotic NNs Chaotic Pattern Recognition Adachi NN
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