Ocean sediment data
According to Wright (1999): “Marine stable isotope records provide the basis for much of our understanding of past climates. During the past four decades of research, the exploitation of climatic information contained in marine stable isotopes led to the generation of a global network of marine stable isotope records. In particular, oxygen isotope records have been used to estimate past water temperatures, ice sheet sizes, and local salinity variations, while carbon stable isotope records have been used to proyide constraints on water mass circulation patterns, oceanic nutrient levels, and atmospheric pCO2 concentrations. From these down-core records came a realization that the major features in marine stable isotope records were recognizable in almost all cores; and thus, if they were synchronous, these features could be used as a tool to correlate cores on a global scale. Demonstrating synchrony and establishing a numerical time scale for these changes were the first two hurdles in establishing a stable isotope-based stratigraphic scheme. Success in both of these areas resulted in stable isotope records becoming the most frequently used stratigraphic tool for correlating Quaternary climate records. Most of the stable isotope-based stratigraphic schemes are built on the marine oxygen isotope record, even though variations in the marine carbon isotope records were often globally synchronous as well.”
KeywordsOxygen Isotope Last Glacial Maximum Benthic Foram Stable Isotope Record Planktic Foram
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