A New Approach to Preservation Metadata for Scientific Data – A Real World Example
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The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model was developed by the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) in the late 1990s and was adopted as an ISO standard in 2003 (ISO14721:2003) (CCSDS 650.0-B-1, 2002). Recently, many libraries, data centers, and archives around the world have started to adopt this archive model. As a notable example, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States of America adopted the model for their Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS). CLASS is expected to be the primary repository and access portal for NOAA’s Earth science, satellite-remote-sensing data (http://www.class.noaa.gov/nsaa/products/welcome). Because of the huge scale of these efforts, it is important to carefully consider the manner in which data archives implement the OAIS Reference Model. The specifics of the implementation could impact the preservation and therefore the use and usability of vast quantities of data for many years.
We wish to acknowledge the support of the NASA Distributed Active Archive Center Contract (NASA Contract NAS5-03099), the Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSF/OPP/ARCSS Program Award ARC-0450901), and NOAA’s data management efforts at NSIDC through the Cooperative Institute for Environmental Sciences (CIRES) Cooperative Agreement with NOAA (CIRES Cooperative Agreement, Task 4)
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