In a world inundated by information, knowledge, and entertainment, there is a dire need for wisdom. We propose a vision for wisdom networks – communities that aim to actualize and inculcate wisdom in specific domains – towards creating a wisdom-based society. Wisdom networks are enabled and empowered by information technologies. We draw upon multiple theoretical perspectives to view wisdom as a holistic quality that transcends and includes elements of information, knowledge, understanding, values, and many other dimensions. Wisdom networks are involved in the creation and dissemination of wisdom-based learning, wisdom-based counseling, participation in community initiatives, and building linkages with other wisdom networks. The hallmark of a wisdom network is an honest and deep inquiry into key issues in a domain, keeping the common universal good in mind. We propose key characteristics of wisdom networks and provide examples. We recognize that this vision is evolving and we explore research issues that arise in the design and implementation of wisdom networks. We underscore the need for wisdom computing research. Supporting wisdom is a critical challenge for social and humanistic computing and knowledge management.


Wisdom Networks Wisdom Knowledge Society Information Systems Information and Communication Technologies 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Stehr, N.: Societal Transformations, Globalization and the Knowledge Society. International Journal of Knowledge and Learning 3, 139–153 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sternberg, R.J.: Wisdom, Intelligence, and Creativity Synthesized. Cambridge University Press, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ackoff, R.L.: From Data to Wisdom. Journal of Applied Systems Analysis 16, 3–9 (1989)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sternberg, R.J.: Words to the Wise About Wisdom? Human Development 47, 286–289 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Baltes, P.B., Kunzmann, U.: The Two Faces of Wisdom: Wisdom as a General Theory of Knowledge and Judgment about Excellence in Mind and Virtue vs. Wisdom as Everyday Realization in People and Products. Human Development 47, 290–299 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ardelt, M.: Wisdom as expert knowledge system: A critical review of a contemporary operationalization of an ancient concept. Human Development 47, 257–285 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Churchman, C.: West: The Design of Inquiring Systems: Basic Concepts of Systems and Organization. Basic Books, New York (1971)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dalal, N.: Toward Reflective Dialogue based Inquiring Systems. In: The 12th Americas Conference on Information Systems, Acapulco, Mexico, August 4-6, 2006 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Knowsys project,

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikunj Dalal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Management Science and Information Systems Spears School of BusinessOklahoma State UniversityStillwater 

Personalised recommendations