Introduction – New Methods and Technologies of Natural Sciences for Archaeological Investigations in Nasca and Palpa, Peru

  • Markus Reindel
  • Günther A. Wagner
Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)

Applications of natural sciences in archaeology have actually a long tradition. In particular the chemical composition of metal artefacts was sporadically used for more than two hundred years, mainly for the purpose of material classification. One of the earliest examples is the quantitative analysis of Roman coins in 1799 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in Berlin, a chemist who is better known as the discoverer of the element uranium. Based on the material composition of dominant remains, the Danish archaeologist Christian Jü rgensen Thomsen formally introduced in the 1820s the three-age system of prehistoric archaeology into three consecutive time periods: the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age.


Geographic Information System Optically Stimulate Luminescence South Coast Archaeological Research Archaeological Investigation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Reindel
    • 1
  • Günther A. Wagner
  1. 1.German Archaeological Institute (DAI), Commission for Archaeology of Non-European Cultures (KAAK)Bonn 53173Germany

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