Representing and Exchanging 3D City Models with CityGML

  • Thomas H. Kolbe
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


CityGML is an open data model and XML-based format for the representation and exchange of virtual 3D city models. It is based on the Geography Markup Language version 3.1.1 (GML3). Both CityGML and GML3 are international standards issued by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). CityGML not only represents the shape and graphical appearance of city models but specifically addresses the object semantics and the representation of the thematic properties, taxonomies and aggregations. The paper gives an overview about CityGML, its modelling aspects and design decisions, recent applications, and its relation to other 3D standards like IFC, X3D, and KML.


Digital Terrain Model Building Information Modelling Coordinate Reference System City Model Scene Graph 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas H. Kolbe
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Geodesy and Geoinformation ScienceTechnische UniversitätBerlin

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