Evaluation of User Variables in Topographic Feature Recall for the Informed Selection of Personalized Landmarks

  • Birgit Elias
  • Volker Paelke
  • Marcel Chaouali
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Landmarks are a very important part of effective wayfi nding instructions. Therefore much research is conducted analyzing the nature of landmarks and studying how they can be integrated appropriately into navigation services. The question whether the use of objects as landmarks differs between varying user groups becomes especially relevant if wayfi nding instructions are to be adapted to context and users. In this paper the planning, execution and interpretation of a user-questionnaire regarding the mental representation of salient topographic features in the city centre of Hanover is presented. The user test focuses on recalling the important landmark features in the test area from memory and investigates if there are signifi cant differences according to sex, age or familiarity with the environment.


navigation landmarks user adaptation user test questionnaire 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bia K,Sewon L, Lee J(2007) Gender Differences in Spatial Navigation, in: Proc. WASET Vol. 25, Nov. 2007.Google Scholar
  2. Bortz J (2005) Statistik für Human- und Sozialwissenschaftler, 6th Edition, Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Burnett G, Smith D, May A(2001) üzSupporting the Navigation Task: Characteristics of ’Good’ Landmarks, in:Hanson MA, Hrsg., Contempory Ergonomics 2001, Taylor and Francis, Seiten 441–446.Google Scholar
  4. Chaouali M (2008) Personalisierte Landmarken, Diploma thesis, Leibniz University of Hanover.Google Scholar
  5. Daniel MP, Denis M(1998) Spatial Descriptions as Navigational Aids: A Cognitive Analysis of Route Directions, Kognitionswissenschaft 7(1), 45–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davidyuk O, Riekki J, Rautio V, Sun J(2004) Context-aware middleware for mobile multimedia applications. In Proceedings of the 3rd international Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia [College Park, Maryland, October 27 – 29, 2004]. MUM ‘04, vol. 83. ACM, New York, NY, 213-220.Google Scholar
  7. Denis M, Pazzaglia F, Cornoldi C, Bertolo L(1999) Spatial Discourse and Navigation: An Analysis of Route Directions in the City of Venice, Applied Cognitive Psychology13,145–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elias B (2006) Extraktion von Landmarken für die Navigation, Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten der Fachrichtung Geodäsie und Geoinformatik der Universität Hannover, Nr. 260, ISSN 0174 – 1454, gleichzeitig erschienen in der Deutschen Geodätischen Kommission, Reihe C, Nr. 596.Google Scholar
  9. Elias B, Brenner C(2004) Automatic Generation and Application of Landmarks in Navigation Data Sets, in: Peter Fisher (Edt.): Developments in Spatial Data Handling – 11th International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, Springer Verlag, pp 469-480.Google Scholar
  10. Elias B, Hampe M, Sester M (2004) Adaptive Visualisation of Landmarks using an MRDB. In: Meng L, Zipf A, Reichenbacher T (Eds.): Map-based Mobile Services Theories, Methods and Implementations, Springer, pp 75-88Google Scholar
  11. Elias B, Paelke V(2008) User-Centred Design of Landmark Visualizations, in: Meng L, Zipf A, Winter S (Eds.): Map-Based Mobile Services – Interactivity, Usability and Case Studies, Springer Berlin.Google Scholar
  12. Elias B, Paelke V, Kuhnt S (2006) Kartographische Visualisierung von Landmarken, in: Aktuelle Entwicklungen in Geoinformation und Visualisierung, GEOVIS 2006, 5./6. April 2006, Potsdam, Kartographische Schriften Band 10, Kirschbaum Verlag.Google Scholar
  13. Espinoza F(2003) Towards individual service provisioning. In Proceedings of the 8th international Conference on intelligent User interfaces [Miami, Florida, USA, January 12 – 15, 2003]. IUI ‘03. ACM, New York, NY, 239-241.Google Scholar
  14. Gajos KZ, Czerwinski M, Tan DS, Weld DS(2006) Exploring the design space for adaptive graphical user interfaces. In Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual interfaces [Venezia, Italy, May 23 – 26, 2006]. AVI ‘06. ACM, New York, NY, 201-208.Google Scholar
  15. Golledge R(1999) Human Wayfi nding and Cognitive Maps, In: Golledge, R., Edt., Wayfi nding Behavior, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, pp 5-46.Google Scholar
  16. Ho SY, Kwok SH(2002) The attraction of personalized service for users in mobile commerce: an empirical study. SIGecom Exch. 3, 4 [Dec. 2002] 10-18.Google Scholar
  17. Holding CS, Holding DH(1989) Acquisition of route network knowledged by males and females. Journal of General Psychology, 116, 29-41.Google Scholar
  18. Köpke J(1-9) Personalisierte Landmarken, Diploma thesis, Leibniz University of Hannover.Google Scholar
  19. Lübke C (2004) Extraktion von Landmarken aus ATKIS-Daten, Diploma thesis, University of Hannover.Google Scholar
  20. Magellan (2008), Press release February 4, 2008, last access 30.5.2008.
  21. Meng L, Zipf A, Winter S (Eds.)(1-9) Map-Based Mobile Services – Interactivity, Usability and Case Studies, Springer Berlin.Google Scholar
  22. Michon P, Denis M (2001) When and Why Are Visual Landmarks Used in Giving Directions?.- In: Montello D, Ed.: Spatial Information Theory, International Conference COSIT 2001, Proceedings, Springer Verlag, S. 292-305Google Scholar
  23. Niemelä E, Latvakoski J(2004) Survey of requirements and solutions for ubiquitous software. In Proceedings of the 3rd international Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia [College Park, Maryland, October 27 – 29, 2004]. MUM ‘04, vol. 83. ACM, New York, NY, 71-78.Google Scholar
  24. Oviatt S, Swindells C, Arthur A(2008) Implicit user-adaptive system engagement in speech and pen interfaces. In Proceeding of the Twenty-Sixth Annual SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems [Florence, Italy, April 05 – 10, 2008]. CHI ‘08. ACM, New York, NY, 969-978.Google Scholar
  25. Paelke V, Elias B, Hampe M(2005) The CityInfo Pedestrian Information System, in: Proceedings of 22nd International Cartographic Conference, 9–16 July 2005, La Coruña Spain.Google Scholar
  26. Peternier A, Righetti X, Hopmann M, Thalmann D, Repettoy M, Papagiannakis G, Davy P, Lim M, Magnenat-Thalmann N, Barsocchi P, Fragopoulos T, Serpanos D, Gialelis Y,Kirykou A(2007) Chloe@University: an indoor, mobile mixed reality guidance system. In Proceedings of the 2007 ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology [Newport Beach, California, November 05–07, 2007] Spencer SN, Ed. VRST ‘07. ACM, New York, NY, 227-228.Google Scholar
  27. Raubal M, Winter S(2002) Enriching Wayfi nding Instructions with Local Landmarks. In: Egenhofer MJ, Mark DM (Eds.), Geographic Information Science. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2478. Springer, Berlin, pp 243-259.Google Scholar
  28. Reichenbacher T(2003) Mobile Kartographie und ihre Nutzer: Szenarien adaptiver Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten für mobile Benutzeraktivitäten, in: Visualisierung und Erschlieβung von Geodaten. GEOVIS 2003, Vol. 7 of Kartographische Schriften, Kirschbaum Verlag.Google Scholar
  29. Reimann C, Paelke V(2005) Adaptive Mixed Reality Games, in: Proc. ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology [ACE 2005) 15th–17th June 2005, Valencia, Spain.Google Scholar
  30. Rhodes B(2003) Using Physical Context for Just-in-Time Information Retrieval. IEEE Trans. Comput. 52, 8 [Aug. 2003) 1011-1014.Google Scholar
  31. R S, Sugumaran V(2007) Adaptive middleware architecture for information sharing on mobile phones. In Proceedings of the 2007 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing [Seoul, Korea, March 11 – 15, 2007]. SAC ‘07. ACM, New York, NY, 800-804.Google Scholar
  32. Schmidt A, Aidoo KA, Takaluoma A, Tuomela U, Laerhoven KV, Velde WV (1999) Advanced Interaction in Context. In Proc. 1st int. Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing, Lecture Notes In Computer Science, vol. 1707, Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  33. Sharps MJ, Gollin ES(1988) Aging and free recall for objects located in space. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Science, 43,8-11.Google Scholar
  34. Sorrows M, Hirtle S (1999) The Nature of Landmarks for Real and Electronic Spaces.- In: Freksa C, Mark D, Eds.: Spatial Information Theory, International Conference COSIT ’99, Proceedings, Springer Verlag, S. 37-50Google Scholar
  35. Wahlster W(2007) Smartweb: multimodal web services on the road. In Proceedings of the 15th international Conference on Multimedia [Augsburg, Germany, September 25 – 29, 2007]. MULTIMEDIA ‘07. ACM, New York, NY, 16-16.Google Scholar
  36. Want R, Schilit WN, Adams NI, Gold R, Petersen K, Goldberg D, Ellis JR, Weiser M(1996) The ParcTab Ubiquitous Computing Experiment, Mobile Computing, Imielinski T, Korth HF, Editors, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA(1996) pp 45-102.Google Scholar
  37. Winter S(2002) Ontologisches Modellieren von Routen für mobile Navigationsdienste. In: Kelnhofer F, Lechthaler M (Eds.): TeleKartographie und Location-Based Services. Schriftenreihe der Studienrichtung Vermessungswesen und Geoinformation. Technische Universität Wien, Vienna, pp. 111-124Google Scholar
  38. Winter S, Raubal M, Nothegger C(2005) Focalizing Measures of Salience for Route Directions. In: Meng L, Zipf A, Reichenbacher T (Eds.): Map-Based Mobile Services – Theories, Methods and Design Implementations, Springer Geosciences, Berlin, pp. 127-142.Google Scholar
  39. Wu S, Wu K(2006) Effective location based services with dynamic data management in mobile environments. Wirel. Netw. 12, 3, May. 2006.Google Scholar
  40. Zipf A(2002) User-Adaptive Maps for Location-Based Services (LBS) for Tourism, in: Woeber K, Frew A, Hitz M (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the 9th International Conference for Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism, ENTER 2002. Innsbruck, Austria, Springer Verlag.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgit Elias
    • 1
  • Volker Paelke
    • 1
  • Marcel Chaouali
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Cartography and Geoinformatics (ikg) Leibniz University of HannoverGermany

Personalised recommendations