Impact of Restricted Display Size on Spatial Knowledge Acquisition in the Context of Pedestrian Navigation

  • Georg Gartner
  • Wolfgang Hiller
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


In this paper the infl uence of the display size on the acquisition of spatial knowledge is investigated. The acquisition of spatial knowledge based on presentation forms with different display sizes has been analysed in an empirical test for pedestrian navigation. This contribution describes and interprets the test and results and gives an outlook on the overall importance for future application developments in the context of LBS, as mobile systems typically use small displays and the overall concern exists, that these displays can not communicate any useful spatial information in typical map form to pedestrians.


pedestrian navigation mental maps sketch maps spatial knowlege acquisition small display maps 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg Gartner
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Hiller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geoinformation and CartographyVienna University of TechnologyAustria

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