An Ontology for Spatial Regulations

  • Tom van Engers
  • Erik Hupkes
  • Radboud Winkels
  • Alexander Boer
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4884)

Abstract

The last decade improving access of legal sources using ICT and especially the Internet has lead to various internet portals for accessing textual sources, standardisation of those sources using W3C standards such as XML for describing the structure of such documents and meta standards such as MetaLex [1,2]. In order to improve access to spatial regulations we should establish a successful marriage between geographical information systems based technology and a machine readable regulative framework, allowing connecting regulations as described in legal sources to an object oriented representation of the real world such as a zoning plan. This paper describes the architecture of an application developed for improving access to spatial regulations, integrating different sources such as GIS (Geographical Information Systems) information, maps and textual legal sources. This application called Legal Atlas uses a relatively compact ontology in OWL for combining spatial planning information in GML (Geographical Mark-up Language) with legal sources described in MetaLex XML. We will explain this ontology and the way it is used to support users in accessing spatial regulations, starting either from querying a map based interface of a text based one, i.e. starting from the spatial perspective or from the normative perspective.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Boer, A., Hoekstra, R., Winkels, R., van Engers, T., Willaert, F.: META Lex: Legislation in XML. In: Bench-Capon, T., Daskalopulu, A., Winkels, R. (eds.) Legal Knowledge and Information Systems (Jurix 2002), pp. 1–10. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boer, A., Winkels, R.: What’s in an interchange standard for legislative xml? i Quaderni 2(41), 32–43 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Winkels, R., Boer, A., Hupkes, E.: Legal atlas: Access to legal sources through maps. In: ICAIL, pp. 27–36. ACM, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilson, F., Peters, R.: Mapping the law: Knowledge support for business development enquiry. In: Proceedings of the eChallenges 2004 Conference, IST Programme, Vienna (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dorninger, P., Kippes, W., Jansa, J.: Technical push on 3d data standards for cultural heritage management. In: Schrenk, M. (ed.) Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology in Urban Planning and Spatial Development and impacts of ICT on Physical Space, Wien, Austria, CORP (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hall, M., van Orshoven, J.: Spatial data infrastructures in australia, canada, and the united states. Commissioned by the eu, in the framework of the inspire initiative, KU Leuven (SADL+ICRI) (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fellbaum, C.: Wordnet: An Electronic Lexical Database. Bradford Books (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom van Engers
    • 1
  • Erik Hupkes
    • 1
  • Radboud Winkels
    • 1
  • Alexander Boer
    • 1
  1. 1.Leibniz Center for LawUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations