Room temperature 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy of ordinary chondrites from the Atacama Desert (Chile): constraining the weathering processes on desert meteorites
We report the results of a study on the weathering products of 21 meteorites found in the Atacama Desert (Chile) using room temperature 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS). The meteorites are weathered ordinary chondrites (OCs) with unknown terrestrial ages and include the three chemical groups (H, L, and LL). We obtained the percentage of all the Fe-bearing phases for the primary minerals: olivine, pyroxene, troilite and Fe–Ni metal, and for the ferric alteration products (composed of the paramagnetic Fe3+ component and the magnetically ordered Fe3+ components) which gives the percentage of oxidation of the samples. From the Mössbauer absorption areas of these oxides, the terrestrial oxidation of the Atacama OC was found in the range from ∼5% to ∼60%. The amount of silicates as well as the opaques decreases at a constant rate with increasing oxidation level.
KeywordsWeathered ordinary chondrites Iron oxi-hydroxides Hot desert environments Atacama Desert
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