Fifty Years of Computer Music: Ideas of the Past Speak to the Future

  • John Chowning
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4969)


The use of the computer to analyze and synthesize sound in two early forms, additive and FM synthesis, led to new thoughts about synthesizing sound spectra, tuning and pitch. Detached from their traditional association with the timbre of acoustic instruments, spectra become structured and associated with pitch in ways that are unique to the medium of computer music.


Golden Ratio Critical Band Harmonic Series Algorithmic Composition Bell Telephone Laboratory 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Chowning
    • 1
  1. 1.CCRMA, Department of MusicStanford UniversityStanford

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