Fifty Years of Computer Music: Ideas of the Past Speak to the Future
The use of the computer to analyze and synthesize sound in two early forms, additive and FM synthesis, led to new thoughts about synthesizing sound spectra, tuning and pitch. Detached from their traditional association with the timbre of acoustic instruments, spectra become structured and associated with pitch in ways that are unique to the medium of computer music.
KeywordsGolden Ratio Critical Band Harmonic Series Algorithmic Composition Bell Telephone Laboratory
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Goebel, J.: The Historical CD of Digital Sound Synthesis. Computer Music Currents 13, Schott Wergo (1995)Google Scholar
- 3.Tenney, J.: Sound-Generation by Means of a Digital Computer. Journal of Music Theory 7(1) (Spring 1963), http://links.jstor.org/
- 4.Chowning, J.: The Synthesis of Complex Audio Spectra by Means of Frequency Modulation. J. Audio Eng. Soc. 21, 7 (1973)Google Scholar
- 5.Chowning, J.: Composing the Sound Itself, John Chowning Portraits Polychrome,. Nouvelle edition augmentée. Institute national de l’audiovisuel, Paris (2007)Google Scholar
- 6.Meneghini, M.: An Analysis of the Compositional Techniques in John Chowning’s Stria. Zattra, L.: The assembling of Stria by John Chowning: A philological investigation. Baudouin, O.: A Reconstruction of Stria. Dahan, K.: Surface Tensions: Dynamics of Stria. The Reconstruction of Stria. Computer Music Journal 31(3) (2007)Google Scholar
- 7.Mathews, M.V., Smith, J.O.: Methods for synthesizing very high Q parametrically well behaved two pole filters. In: Proceedings of the Stockholm Musical Acoustics Conference (SMAC 2003) (Stockholm), Royal Swedish Academy of Music (August 2003), http://ccrma.stanford.edu/~jos/smac03maxjos