Satellite Inventory of Glaciers in Turkey

  • Mehmet Akif Sarıkaya
  • Ahmet Emre Tekeli
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


Today, the glaciers and rock glaciers of Turkey occur in three different regions: (1) in the southeastern part of the Taurus Mountain range, (2) along the coastal mountains of the eastern Black Sea region, and (3) on high volcanoes and individual mountain ranges scattered across the Anatolian Plateau. A total of 51 glaciers (including an ice cap, 17 mountain glaciers, and 33 glacierets) and 55 rock glaciers were detected from ASTER imagery acquired between 2002 and 2011 as part of the GLIMS project. Glaciers generally accumulate in the eastern part of the country, between the latitudes of 37°N and 41°N, typically as remnants of older glaciations, and occur at high elevations where climate and topographic factors are favorable to sustain them. The largest single glacier in Turkey is on Mt. Ağri (Ararat), in eastern Turkey and covers an area of 5.66 km2. The longest and best preserved mountain glaciers are located in the Southeastern Taurus Mountains and in the Eastern Black Sea Mountains. Principal among them are İzbirak and Erinç Glaciers in the Buzul Mountains (2.1 and 1.5 km in length, respectively) and Kaçkar I Glacier in the Rize Mountains (0.93 km long). Turkish glaciers have retreated significantly since the beginning of the last century, and the rates of retreat rates calculated from historical observations are consistent with the general warming trend of the past century.


Online Supplement Mountain Glacier Snow Line Rock Glacier Glacier Inventory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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We thank the editors of this book for inviting us to write this chapter. We are also grateful to Jeff Olsenholler for his help during preparation of ASTER imagery, and to Michael P. Bishop and John F. Shroder (University of Nebraska-Omaha) for providing a workplace to study these glaciers. ASTER data courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/Japan Space Systems, the U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team, and the GLIMS project.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehmet Akif Sarıkaya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ahmet Emre Tekeli
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of GeographyFatih UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Eurasia Institute of Earth ScienceIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Civil Engineering DepartmentKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Civil Engineering DepartmentZirve UniversityGaziantepTurkey
  5. 5.Remote Sensing DivisionTurkish State Meteorological ServiceAnkaraTurkey

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