# Algorithms for Multiterminal Cuts

• Mingyu Xiao
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5010)

## Abstract

Given a graph G = (V,E) with n vertices and m edges, and a subset T of l vertices called terminals, the Edge (respectively, Vertex) Multiterminal Cut problem is to find a set of k edges (non-terminal vertices), whose removal from G separates each terminal from all the others. These two problems are NP-hard for l ≥ 3 but well-known to be polynomial-time solvable for l = 2 by the flow technique. In this paper, we show that Edge Multiterminal Cut is polynomial-time solvable for k = O(logn) by presenting an O(2 k lT(n,m)) algorithm, where T(n,m) = O( min (n 2/3,m 1/2)m) is the running time of finding a minimum (s,t) cut in an unweighted graph. We also give two algorithms for Vertex Multiterminal Cut that run in O(l k T(n,m)) time and O((k!)2 T(n,m)) time respectively. The former one indicates that Vertex Multiterminal Cut is solvable in polynomial time for l being a constant and k = O(logn), and the latter one improves the best known algorithm of running time $$O(4^{k^3}n^{O(1)})$$. When l = 3, we show that the running times can be improved to O(1.415 k T(n,m)) for Edge Multiterminal Cut and O(2.059 k T(n,m)) for Vertex Multiterminal Cut. Furthermore, we present a simple idea to solve another important problem Multicut by finding minimum multiterminal cuts. Our algorithms for Multicuts are also faster than the previously best algorithm.

Based on a notion farthest minimum isolating cut, we present some properties for Multiterminal Cuts, which help shed light on the structure of optimal cut problems, and enables us to design efficient algorithms for Multiterminal Cuts, as well as some other related cut problems.

## Keywords

Graph Algorithm Multiterminal Cut Multicut Fixed Parameter Tractability

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