Coastal and local processes
The physical oceanography of the Baltic Sea, including the physics of sea ice, has been presented in the previous chapters. This chapter has a specific regional focus in considering the coastal zone, the area influenced directly by the presence of both land and open sea nearby. Due to the small size of the Baltic Sea, a significant part of it belongs to the coastal zone. In Section 8.1 the basic properties of the coastal zone are discussed. Sections 8.2 and 8.3 present the most important coastal oceanography field in the Baltic Sea: sea-level elevation with its variations and upwelling. Section 8.4 is about coastal ice—from landfast ice to the boundary of drift ice and landfast ice. Section 8.5 is about coastal weather.
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