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Severe Infections of Soft Tissues (Including Fasciitis and Diabetic Foot Infections)

  • Philippe Bernard
Chapter
  • Erysipelas and other non-necrotizing derma- hypodermal infections are mainly caused by streptococci, though other bacteria can cause such infections, which often occur in specific circumstances.

  • There is an increasing prevalence of soft-tissue infections (STIs) caused by community-acquired MRSA which are responsible for about half of the cases of cellulitis with purulent exudates in involved geographic areas. Contrary to erysipelas, the best therapeutic option will be an antibiotic that is effective both against streptococci and S. aureus.

  • Treatment of necrotizing fasciitis, a rare, life-threatening infection, primarily affecting the superficial muscular fascia and adjacent hypo-dermis, is surgical excision of all necrotic tissue; it must be considered as an emergency once the diagnosis is suspected.

  • Diagnosis of purulent diabetic foot infections within soft tissues or localized osteomyelitis generally requires imaging investigations. The initial empirical antibacterial regimen may be tailored based on the results of bacteriological cultures.

Keywords

Septic Arthritis Necrotizing Fasciitis Toxic Shock Syndrome Good Therapeutic Option Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Bernard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyRobert Debré HospitalReimscedexFrance

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