Deep Invasion Ecology and the Assembly of Communities in Historical Time

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 204)

A critical component of — and a limitation on — interpreting community structure is a detailed understanding of the ecological and evolutionary history of the assemblage of species in question. There are thus compelling reasons to under stand, and seek to measure, how communities have changed over both evolution ary (geological) and ecological (historical) time. Vast waves of change have swept across the Earth in the past one to two millennia as waves of humans invaded across the planet in sequential episodes of exploration, colonization, and urbanization. As an expected and inexorable result of human activity, alterations in biodiversity have impacted terrestrial, freshwater, and marine communities. These alterations include the addition of species (invasions), the deletion of spe cies (extinctions), and altered population dynamics (such as decreasing or increasing the abundance of a species, or altering genetic structure). In even seemingly “pristine” areas — such as wave-exposed high-energy rocky intertidal shores — it is no longer tenable to assume that communities and ecosystems have remained unaltered, in part because of supply-side impacts — impacts that are the indirect cascades of human activity originating outside of the area in question (e.g., Butman et al. 1995; Chap. 7, Johnston et al.).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbott DP, Johnson JV (1972) The ascidians Styela barnharti, S. plicata, S. clava, and S. montereyensis in Californian waters. Bull S Calif Acad Sci 71:95–105Google Scholar
  2. Ahyong ST (2001) Revision of the Australian Stomatopod Crustacea. Rec Aust Mus Suppl 26:1–326Google Scholar
  3. Alonso de Pina GM (2005) A new species of Notopoma Lowry & Bernard, 1996, and a new record of Jassa marmorata Holmes, 1903, from the southwestern Atlantic (Amphipoda: Corophiidea: Ischyroceridae). Proc Biol Soc Wash 118:528–538Google Scholar
  4. Armsby M, Tisch N (2006) Intraguild predation and cannibalism in a size-structured community of marine amphipods. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 333:286–295Google Scholar
  5. Banse K (1972) On some species of Phyllodocidae, Syllidae, Nephtyidae, Goniadidae, Apistobranchidae, and Spionidae (Polychaeta) from the northeast Pacific Ocean. Pac Sci 26:191–222Google Scholar
  6. Barnard KH (1950) Descriptive catalogue of South African decapod Crustacea (crabs and shrimps). Ann S Afr Mus 38:1–837Google Scholar
  7. Bax N, Carlton JT, Mathews-Amos A, Haedrich RL, Howarth FG, Purcell JE, Rieser A, Gray A (2001) The control of biological invasions in the world's oceans. Conserv Biol 15:1234–1246Google Scholar
  8. Bickford D, Lohman D, Sodhi NS, Ng PKL, Meier R, Winker K, Ingram KK, Das I (2007) Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation. Trends Ecol Evol 22:148–155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bigley RE, Barreca JL (1982) Evidence for synonymizing Zostera americana den Hartog with Zostera japonica. Aschers Graebn Aquat Bot 14:349–356Google Scholar
  10. Blake JA, Maciolek NA (1987) A redescription of Polydora cornuta Bosc (Polychaeta: Spionidae) and designation of a neotype. Bull Biol Soc Wash 7:11–15Google Scholar
  11. Boudry PS, Heurtebise B, Collet F, Cornette, Gerard A (1998) Differentiation between populations of the Portuguese oyster, Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck) and the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), revealed by mtDNA RFLP analysis. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 226:279–291Google Scholar
  12. Bousfield EL (1973) Shallow-water gammaridean Amphipoda of New England. Cornell Univ Press, Ithaca New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Bousfield EL (2007) Amphipoda: Gammaridea: Talitridae. In: Carlton J (ed) The Light & Smith manual: intertidal invertebrates from central California to Oregon, edn 4. University of California Press, Berkeley Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  14. Bowman TE, Orsi JJ (1992) Deltamysis holmquistae, a new genus and species of Mysidacea from the Sacramento — San Joaquin estuary of California (Mysidae: Mysinae: Heteromysini). Proc Biol Soc Wash 105:733–742Google Scholar
  15. Briggs EA (1931) Notes on Australian athecate hydroids. Rec Aust Mus 18:279–282Google Scholar
  16. Broom JE, Nelson WA, Yarish C, Jones WA, Aguilar Rosas R, Aguilar Rosas LE (2002) A reassessment of the taxonomic status of Porphyra suborbiculata, Porphyra carolinensis and Porphyra lilliputiana (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. Eur J Phycol 37:227–235Google Scholar
  17. Buitendijk AM, Holthuis LB (1949) Note on the Zuiderzee crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould) subspecies tridentatus (Maitland). Zool Meded 30:95–106Google Scholar
  18. Butman CA, Carlton JT, Palumbi SR (1995) Whaling effects on deep-sea biodiversity. Conserv Biol 9:462–464Google Scholar
  19. Buttermore RE, Turner E, Morrice E, Morrice MG (1994) The introduced Northern Pacific seastar Asterias amurensis in Tasmania. Mem Queensl Mus 36:21–25Google Scholar
  20. Byers JE, Reichard S, Randall J, Parker I et al. (2002) Directing research to reduce the impacts of nonindigenous species. Conserv Biol 16:630–640Google Scholar
  21. Cadotte MW, McMahon SM, Fukami T (eds) (2006) Conceptual ecology and invasion biology:reciprocal approaches to nature. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  22. Cairns SD (2006) New records of azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Hawaiian Islands. BP Bishop Mus Occas Pap 87:45–53Google Scholar
  23. Calcinai B, Bavestrello G, Cerrano C (2004) Dispersal and association of two aliens species in the Indonesian coral reefs: the octocoral Carijoa riisei and the demosponge Desmapsamma anchorata. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 84:937–941Google Scholar
  24. Calman WT (1921) Notes on marine wood-boring animals — II. Crustacea. Proc Zool Soc London 1920:215–220Google Scholar
  25. Cardigos FT, Tempera S, Avila J, Goncalves A, Colaco, Santos RS (2006) Non-indigenous species of the Azores. Helgoland Mar Res 60:160–169Google Scholar
  26. Carlton JT (1979) History, biogeography, and ecology of the introduced marine and estuarine invertebrates of the Pacific coast of North America. PhD dissertation, University of California DavisGoogle Scholar
  27. Carlton JT (1985) Transoceanic and interoceanic dispersal of coastal marine organisms: the biology of ballast water. Oceanogr Mar Biol Annu Rev 23:313–371Google Scholar
  28. Carlton JT (1987) Patterns of transoceanic marine biological invasions in the Pacific Ocean. Bull Mar Sci 41:452–465Google Scholar
  29. Carlton JT (1992) Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: an end-of-the-20th-century perspective. J Shellfish Res 11:489–505Google Scholar
  30. Carlton JT (1996) Biological invasions and cryptogenic species. Ecology 77:1653–1655Google Scholar
  31. Carlton JT (1999a) The scale and ecological consequences of biological invasions in the world's oceans. In: Sandlund OT, Schei PJ, Viken Å (eds) Invasive species and biodiversity management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 195–212Google Scholar
  32. Carlton JT (1999b) Molluscan invasions in marine and estuarine communities. Malacologia 41:439–454Google Scholar
  33. Carlton JT (2000) Quo Vadimus Exotica Oceanica?: marine bioinvasion ecology in the twenty-first century. In: Pederson J (ed) Marine bioinvasions: Proceedings of the First National Conference. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT Sea Grant College Program, MITSG00-2, Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp 6–23Google Scholar
  34. Carlton JT (2002) Bioinvasion ecology: assessing invasion impact and scale. In: Leppäkoski E, Gollasch S, Olenin S (eds) Invasive aquatic species of Europe. Distribution, impacts, and management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 7–19Google Scholar
  35. Carlton JT (2003) Community assembly and historical biogeography in the North Atlantic Ocean: the potential role of human-mediated dispersal vectors. Hydrobiologia 503:1–8Google Scholar
  36. Carlton JT (2005) Setting ascidian invasions on the global stage. Keynote Address, 2005 International Invasive Sea Squirt Conference. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole MA. Abstract: http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=11421&tid=282&cid=16303 (accessed April 2007)
  37. Carlton JT, Cohen AN (2003) Episodic global dispersal in shallow water marine organisms: the case history of the European shore crabs Carcinus maenas and Carcinus aestuarii. J Biogeogr 30:1809–1820Google Scholar
  38. Carlton JT, Hodder J (1995) Biogeography and dispersal of coastal marine organisms: experimental studies on a replica of a 16th-century sailing vessel. Mar Biol 121:721–730Google Scholar
  39. Carlton JT, Eldredge LG (2009). Marine bioinvasions of Hawai'i: the introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine animals and plants of the Hawaiian archipelago. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  40. Carlton JT, Ruiz GM (2003) The magnitude and consequences of bioinvasions in marine ecosystems: implications for conservation biology. In: Norse EA, Crowder LB (eds) Marine conservation biology: the science of maintaining the sea's biodiversity. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp 123–148Google Scholar
  41. Carlton JT, Ruiz GM (2005) Vector science and integrated vector management in bioinvasion ecology: conceptual frameworks. In: Mooney HA, Mack RN, McNeely JA, Neville LE, Schei PJ, Waage JK (eds) Invasive alien species: a new synthesis. Island Press, Covelo, California, pp 36–58Google Scholar
  42. Castilla JC, Uribe M, Bahamonde N, Clarke M, Desqueyroux-Faundez R, Kong I, Moyano H, Rozbaczylo N, Santelices B, Valdovinos C, Zavala P (2005) Down under the southeastern Pacific: marine non-indigenous species in Chile. Biol Invas 7:213–232Google Scholar
  43. Chapman JW (1988) Invasions of the northeast Pacific by Asian and Atlantic gammaridean amphipod crustaceans, including a new species of Corophium. J Crust Biol 8:364–382Google Scholar
  44. Chapman JW (2007) Gammaridean amphipods. In: Carlton JT (ed) The Light & Smith manual: intertidal invertebrates from central California to Oregon, edn 4. University of California Press, Berkeley Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  45. Chapman JW, Carlton JT (1991) A test of criteria for introduced species: the global invasion by the isopod Synidotea laevidorsalis (Miers, 1881). J Crust Biol 11:386–400Google Scholar
  46. Chapman JW, Carlton JT (1994) Predicted discoveries of the introduced isopod Synidotea laevi-dorsalis (Miers, 1881). J Crust Biol 14:700–714Google Scholar
  47. Chapman MG (1999) Are there adequate data to assess how well theories of rarity apply to marine invertebrates? Biodivers Conserv 8:1295–1318Google Scholar
  48. Clench WJ, Turner RD (1948) The genus Truncatella in the Western Atlantic. Johnsonia 2:149–164Google Scholar
  49. Cloern JE, Dufford R (2005) Phytoplankton community ecology: principles applied in San Francisco Bay. Mar Ecol Progr Ser 285:11–28Google Scholar
  50. Coan EV (1979) Recent Eastern Pacific species of the crassatellid bivalve genus Crassinella. Veliger 22:1–11Google Scholar
  51. Coan EV, Scott PV, Bernard FR (2000) Bivalve seashells of western North America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Arctic Alaska to Baja California. St Barbara Mus Nat Hist Monogr 2Google Scholar
  52. Cohen AN, Carlton JT (1995) Biological study. Nonindigenous aquatic species in a United States estuary: a case study of the biological invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta. A report for the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C., and The National Sea Grant College Program, Connecticut Sea Grant, NTIS Rep PB96-166525Google Scholar
  53. Collin R (2000) Phylogeny of the Crepidula plana (Gastropoda: Calyptraeidae) cryptic species complex in North America. Can J Zool 78:1500–1514Google Scholar
  54. Conlan KE (1990) Revision of the crustacean amphipod genus Jassa Leach (Corophioidae: Ischyroceridea). Can J Zool 68:2031–2075Google Scholar
  55. Cooke WJ (1977) Order Hydroida. In: Devaney DM, Eldredge LG (eds) Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii, Sect 1: Protozoa through Ctenophora. BP Bishop Museum Special Publication 64(1). Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp 71–104Google Scholar
  56. Cookson LJ (1991) Australasian species of Limnoriidae (Crustacea: Isopoda). Mem Mus Victoria 52:137–262Google Scholar
  57. Cooper JG (1872) On new Californian Pulmonata. Proc Acad Nat Sci Phil 24:143–154Google Scholar
  58. Cooper JG (1873) Note on Alexia setifer and its allies. Proc Calif Acad Sci Ser 1, 6:14–27Google Scholar
  59. Cornelius PFS (1975) The hydroid species of Obelia (Coelenterata, Hydrozoa: Campanulariidae), with notes on the medusa stage. Bull Brit Mus Nat Hist 28:249–293Google Scholar
  60. Cowie RH (1997) Catalog and bibliography of the nonindigenous nonmarine snails and slugs of the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Mus Occas Pap 50Google Scholar
  61. Cowie RH (1998) Patterns of introduction of non-indigenous non-marine snails and slugs in the Hawaiian Islands. Biodivers Conserv 7:349–368Google Scholar
  62. Darling JA, Reitzel AM, Finnerty JR (2004) Regional population structure of a widely introduced estuarine invertebrate: Nematostella vectensis Stephenson in New England. Mol Ecol 13:2969–2981PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Dawson MN, Gupta AS, England MH (2005) Coupled biophysical global ocean model and molecular genetic analyses identify multiple introductions of cryptogenic species. Proc Natl Acad Sci 102:11968–11973PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Desmond R (1995) Kew: a history of the Royal Botanic Gardens. The Harvill Press, London, 466 ppGoogle Scholar
  65. di Castri F (1989) History of biological invasions with special emphasis on the Old World. In: Drake JA, Mooney HA, di Castri F et al. (eds) Biological invasions. A global perspective. Wiley, New York, pp 1–30Google Scholar
  66. Edwards C (1976) A study in erratic distribution: the occurrence of the medusa Gonionemus in relation to the distribution of oysters. Adv Mar Biol 14:251–284Google Scholar
  67. Emschermann P (1987) Creeping propagation stolons — an effective propagation system of the freshwater entoproct Urnatella gracilis Leidy (Barentsiidae). Arch Hydrobiol 108:439–448Google Scholar
  68. Englund RA (2002) The loss of native biodiversity and continuing nonindigenous species introductions in freshwater, estuarine, and wetland communities of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. Estuaries 25:418–430Google Scholar
  69. Englund RA, Preston DJ, Wolff R, Coles SL, Eldredge LG, Arakai K (2000) Biodiversity of freshwater and estuarine communities in lower Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii with observations on introduced species. Bishop Mus Tech Rep 16Google Scholar
  70. Felder DL, Martin JW (2003) Establishment of a new genus for Panopeus bermudensis Benedict & Rathbun, 1891, and several other xanthoid crabs from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans (Crustacea: Decapoda: Xanthoidea). Proc Biol Soc Wash 116:438–452Google Scholar
  71. Fenchel T, Finlay BJ (2004) The ubiquity of small species: patterns of local and global diversity. Bioscience 54:777–784Google Scholar
  72. Ferrari FD, Orsi JJ (1984) Oithona davisae, new species, and Limnoithona sinensis (Burckhardt, 1912) from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary, California. J Crustac Biol 4:106–126Google Scholar
  73. Finlay BJ (2002) Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species. Science 296:1061–1063PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Flowerdew MW (1985) Indices of genetic identity and distance in three taxa within the Balanus amphitrite Darwin complex (Cirripedia, Thoracica). Crustaceana 49:7–15Google Scholar
  75. Freeman AS, Byers JE (2006) Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations. Science 313:831–833PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Fukuoka K, Murano M (2000) Hyperacanthomysis, a new genus for Acanthomysis longirostris Ii, 1936, and A. brevirostris Wang & Liu, 1997 (Crustacea: Mysidacea: Mysidae). Plankton Biol Ecol 47:122–128Google Scholar
  77. Galil B, Froglia C, Noel P (2002) CIESM Atlas of exotic species in the Mediterranean. Crustaceans. Decapods and stomatopods. CIESM Publishers, MonacoGoogle Scholar
  78. Geller JB (1999) Decline of a native mussel masked by sibling species invasion. Conserv Biol 13:661–664Google Scholar
  79. Godwin LS (2003) Hull fouling of maritime vessels as a pathway for marine species invasions to the Hawaiian Islands. Biofouling 19(Suppl):123–131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Gosliner TM, Behrens DW (2006) Anatomy of an invasion: systematics and distribution of the introduced opisthobranch snail, Haminoea japonica Pilsbry, 1895 (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia: Haminoeidae). Proc Calif Acad Sci (4) 57:1003–1010Google Scholar
  81. Green J, Bohannan BJM (2006) Spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity. Trend Ecol Evol 21:501–507Google Scholar
  82. Grosholz ED (2002) Ecological and evolutionary consequences of coastal invasions. Trend Ecol Evol 17:22–27Google Scholar
  83. Grosholz ED (2005) Recent biological invasion may hasten invasional meltdown by accelerating historical introductions. Proc Natl Acad Sci 102:1088–1091PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Guinot D, MacPherson E (1987) Revision du genre Pilumnoides Lucas, 1844, avec description de quatre especes nouvelles et creation de Pilumnoidinae subfam. nov. (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura). Bull Mus Nat Hist Nat Paris (4) 9:211–247Google Scholar
  85. Guiry M (2003) Neosiphonia harveyi (J Bailey). http://www.algaebase.org/ (accessed April 2007)
  86. Henry DP, McLaughlin PA (1975) The barnacles of the Balanus amphitrite complex (Cirripedia, Thoracica). Zool Verh 141:254Google Scholar
  87. Hoestlandt H (1973) Presence de Gnorimosphaeroma rayi Hoestlandt (Isopode, flabellifere) sur les cotes du Japon, de Siberie orientale et d'Hawaii, ainsi qu'indications sommaires de son polychromatisme genetique. C R Acad Sci Paris (D) 276:2817–2820Google Scholar
  88. Holland BS, Dawson MN, Crow GL, Hofmann DK (2004) Global phylogeography of Cassiopea (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae): molecular evidence for cryptic species and multiple invasions of the Hawaiian Islands. Mar Biol 145:1119–1128Google Scholar
  89. Hulsman N, Galil BS (2002) Protists — a dominant component of the ballast-transported biota. In: Leppäkoski ES, Gollasch, Olenin S (eds) Invasive aquatic species of Europe: distribution, impacts, and management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 20–27Google Scholar
  90. Huvet AS, Lapègue A, Magoulas, Boudry P (2000) Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA phylogeog-raphy of Crassostrea angulata, the Portuguese oyster endangered in Europe. Conserv Genet 1:251–262Google Scholar
  91. Huvet A, Fabioux C, McCombie H, Lapègue S, Boudry P (2004) Natural hybridization between genetically differentiated populations of Crassostrea gigas and C. angulata highlighted by sequence variation in flanking regions of a microsatellite locus. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 272:141–152Google Scholar
  92. Hyman LH (1953) North American triclad Turbellaria. 14. A new, probably exotic, dendrocoelid. Am Mus Novit 1629:6Google Scholar
  93. Hyman LH (1955) The polyclad flatworms of the Pacific coast of North America: additions and corrections. Am Mus Novit 1704:4–7Google Scholar
  94. Ingle RW (1997) Crayfishes, lobsters, and crabs of Europe: an illustrated guide to common and traded species. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  95. Jass J, Klausmeier B (2000) Endemics and immigrants: North American terrestrial isopods (Isopoda, Oniscidea) north of Mexico. Crustaceana 73:771–799Google Scholar
  96. Jensen KR, Knudsen J (2005) A summary of alien marine benthic invertebrates in Danish waters. Oceanol Hydrobiol Stud 34(Suppl 1):137–162Google Scholar
  97. Kado R (2003) Invasion of Japanese shores by the NE Pacific barnacle Balanus glandula and its ecological and biogeographical impact. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 249:199–206Google Scholar
  98. Kahng S (2005) The invasion of a tropical coral reef ecosystem by an alien octocoral, Carijoa rii-sei. Fourth International Conference on Marine Bioinvasions, August 2005, Wellington, New Zealand, p 142 (Abstract)Google Scholar
  99. Karling KF, Wade CM, Stewart IA, Kroon D, Dingle R, Brown AJL (2000) Molecular evidence for genetic mizing of Arctic and Antarctic subpolar populations of planktonic formanifers. Nature 400:43–47Google Scholar
  100. Kay EA (1979) Hawaiian marine shells. Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii. Sect 4: Mollusca. B P Bishop Mus Spec Publ 64Google Scholar
  101. Keen AM (1971) Sea shells of tropical west America; marine mollusks from Baja California to Peru, 2nd edn. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  102. Kensley B (1981) On the zoogeography of southern African decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species. Smith Contrib Zool 338:64Google Scholar
  103. Kensley B, Schotte M (1999) New records of isopods from the Indian River Lagoon, Florida (Crustacea: Peracarida). Proc Biol Soc Wash 112:695–713Google Scholar
  104. Kimura TM, Tabe M, Shikano Y (1999) Limnoperna fortunei kikuchiii Habe, 1981 (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) is a synonym of Xenostrobus securis (Lamarck, 1819): introduction into Japan from Australia and/or New Zealand. Venus 58:101–117Google Scholar
  105. Knight-Jones P, Knight-Jones EW, Kawahara T (1975) A review of the genus Janua, including Dexiospira (Polychaeta: Spirorbidae). Zool J Linn Soc 56:91–129Google Scholar
  106. Kolar CS, Lodge DM (2001) Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends Ecol Evol 16:199–204PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Kornicke LS (1967) A study of three species of Sarsiella (Ostracoda: Myodocopa). Proc U S Nat Mus 122, no 3594Google Scholar
  108. Kott P (1985) The Australian Ascidiacea. Part 1, Phlebobranchia and Stolidobranchia. Mem Qd Mus 23:1–440Google Scholar
  109. Kott P (1998) Tunicata. Zoological catalogue of Australia 34:51–252Google Scholar
  110. Kott P (2004) A new species of Didemnum (Ascidiacea, Tunicata) from the Atlantic coast of North America. Zootaxa 732:1–10Google Scholar
  111. Kozloff EN (1946) Studies on the ciliates of the family Ancistrocomidae Chatton and Lwoff (order Holotricha, suborder Thigmotricha). III. Ancistrocoma pelseneeri Chatton and Lwoff, Ancistrocoma dissimilis sp. nov., and Hypocomagalma pholadidis sp. nov. Biol Bull 91:189–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Kramp PL (1961) Synopsis of the Medusae of the world. J Mar Biol Assoc U K 40Google Scholar
  113. Kronberg I (1986) Riesenchromosomen und Artareal einer baltischen Telmatogeton — Art (Diptera: Chironomidae: Telmatogetoninae). Z Zool Syst Evolut 24:190–197Google Scholar
  114. Lapegue S, Batista FM, Heurtebise S, Yu Z, Boudry P (2004) Evidence for the presence of the Portuguese oyster, Crassostrea angulata, in northern China. J Shellfisheries Res 23:759–764Google Scholar
  115. Lee H, Thompson B, Lowe S (2003) Estuarine and scalar patterns of invasion in the soft-bottom benthic communities of the San Francisco estuary. Biol Invas 5:85–102Google Scholar
  116. Leppäkoski E, Gollasch S, Olenion S (eds) (2002) Invasive aquatic species of Europe: distribution, impacts, and management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  117. Lockwood JL, Hoopes MF, Marchetti MP (2007) Invasion ecology. Blackwell Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  118. Lotze HK, Lenihan HS, Bourque BJ et al. (2006) Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas. Science 312:1806–1809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Mackie JA, Keough MJ, Christidis L (2006) Invasion patterns inferred from cytochrome oxidase I sequences in three bryozoans, Bugula neritina, Watersipora subtorquata, and Watersipora arcuata. Mar Biol 149:285–295Google Scholar
  120. Manuel RL (1988) British Anthozoa (Coelenterata: Octocorallia and Hexacorallia): keys and notes for the identification of the species, edn 2. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), no 18. Linnean Society of LondonGoogle Scholar
  121. Marceniuk AP, Ferraris CJ Jr (2003) Ariidae (sea catfishes). In: Reis RE, Kullander SO, Ferraris CJ Jr (eds) Checklist of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil, pp 447–455Google Scholar
  122. Marelli DC (1981) New records for Caprellidae in California. Proc Biol Soc Wash 94:654–662Google Scholar
  123. Marelli DC, Gray S (1983) Conchological descriptions of Mytilopsis sallei and Mytilopsis leu-cophaeata of the brackish Western Atlantic. Veliger 25:185–193Google Scholar
  124. Martins AMF (1996) Anatomy and systematics of the Western Atlantic Ellobiidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Malacologia 37:163–332Google Scholar
  125. McCarthy HP, Crowder LB (2000) An overlooked scale of global transport: phytoplankton species richness in ships' ballast water. Biol Invas 2:321–322Google Scholar
  126. McIvor L, Maggs CA, Provan J, Stanhope MJ (2001) rbcL sequences reveal multiple cryptic introductions of the Japanese red alga Polysiphonia harveyi. Mol Ecol 10:911–919PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. McKoy JL (1975) Further records of Teredicola typicus C.B. Wilson, 1942 (Copepoda Cyclopoida) from shipworms in northern New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshwater Res 9:417–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Millar RH (1970) British ascidians. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), no 1. Linnean Society of LondonGoogle Scholar
  129. Mills CE, Sommer F (1995) Invertebrate introductions in marine habitats: two species of hydromedusae (Cnidaria) native to the Black Sea, Maeotias inexspectata and Blackfordia vir-ginica, invade San Francisco Bay. Mar Biol 122:279–288Google Scholar
  130. Mobberley DG (1956) Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Spartina. Iowa State Coll J Sci 30:471–574Google Scholar
  131. Modlin RF, Orsi JJ (1997) Acanthomysis bowmani, a new species, and A. aspera Ii, Mysidacea newly reported from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary, California (Crustacea: Mysidae). Proc Biol Soc Washington 110:439–446Google Scholar
  132. Monniot F, Monniot C (2001) Ascidians from the tropical western Pacific Ocean. Zoosystema 23:201–383Google Scholar
  133. Monniot C, Monniot F, Griffiths CL, Schleyer M (2001) South African ascidians. Ann S A Mus 108Google Scholar
  134. Mooney HA, Cleland EE (2001) The evolutionary impact of invasive species. Proc Natl Acad Sci 98:5446–5451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Morton B (1981) The biology and functional morphology of Mytilopsis sallei (Recluz) (Bivalvia: Dreissenacea) fouling Visakhapatnam Harbour, Andhra Pradesh, India. J Moll Stud 47:25–42Google Scholar
  136. Mosely HN (1878) Description of a new species of land-planarian from the hothouses at Kew gardens. Ann Mag Nat Hist Ser 5 1:237–239Google Scholar
  137. Mundy BC (2005) Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Mus Bull Zool 6Google Scholar
  138. Newman WA, Ross A (1976) Revision of the balanomorph. barnacles: including a catalog of the species. Mem San Diego Soc Nat Hist 9:1–108Google Scholar
  139. Newman WA, Killingley JS (1985) The north-east Pacific intertidal barnacle Pollicipes polymerus in India? A biogeographical enigma elucidated by 18O fractionation in barnacle calcite. J Nat Hist 19:1191–1196Google Scholar
  140. Nygren A (2004) Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta). Zootaxa 680Google Scholar
  141. Odlaug TO (1946) The effect of the copepod, Mytilicola orientalis upon the Olympia oyster, Ostrea lurida. Trans Am Microsc Soc 65:311–317Google Scholar
  142. Ó Foighil DO, Gaffney PM, Hilbish TJ (1995) Differences in mitochondrial 16S ribosomal gene sequences allow discrimination among American [Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin)] and Asian [C. gigas (Thunberg) C. ariakensis Wakiya] oyster species. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 192:211–220Google Scholar
  143. Ó Foighil D, Gaffney PM, Wilbur AE, Hilbish TJ (1998) Mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene sequences support an Asian origin for the Portuguese oyster, Crassostrea angulata. Mar Biol 131:497–503Google Scholar
  144. Ogren RE (1984) Exotic land planarians of the genus Bipalium (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria) from Pennsylvania and the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Proc Penn Acad Sci 58:193–201Google Scholar
  145. Ogren RE (1987) Description of a new three-lined land planarian of the genus Bipalium (Turbellaria: Tricladida) from Pennsylvania, USA Trans Am Microsc Soc 106:21–30Google Scholar
  146. Ogren RE (1989a) Identification features of the two-lined land planarian Rhynchodemus sylvaticus, with evidence that Rhynchodemus americanus is conspecific. Trans Am Microsc Soc 108:40–44Google Scholar
  147. Ogren RE (1989b) Redescription and a new name for the blue land planarian Geoplana vaga Hyman now considered conspecific with Caenoplana coerulea Moseley from Australia (Turbellaria: Tricladida: Geoplanidae). J Penn Acad Sci 63:135–142Google Scholar
  148. Orensanz JM, Schwindt E, Pastorino G et al. (2002) No longer the pristine confines of the world ocean: a survey of exotic marine species in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Biol Invas 4:115–143Google Scholar
  149. Otani M (2004) Introduced marine organisms in Japanese coastal waters, and the processes involved in their entry. Jpn J Benthol 59:45–57 (English abstract, in Japanese; English translation available from author)Google Scholar
  150. Pearson C V, Rogers AD, Sheader M (2002) The genetic structure of the rare lagoonal sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis Stephenson (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) in the United Kingdom based on RAPD analysis. Mol Ecol 11:2285–2293PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Ponder WF (1988) Potamopyrgus antipodarum — a molluscan coloniser of Europe and Australia. J Moll Stud 54:271–285Google Scholar
  152. Prudhoe S (1985) A monograph on Polyclad Turbellaria. British Museum (Natural History), Oxford University Press, Oxford, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  153. Rabinowitz D, Cairns S, Dillon T (1986) Seven forms of rarity and their frequency in the flora of the British Isles. In: Soule ME (ed) Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity. Sinauer Publishers, pp 182–204Google Scholar
  154. Radashevsky VI, Hsieh H-L (2000) Pseudopolydora (Polychaeta: Spionidae) species from Taiwan. Zoological Studies 39:218–235Google Scholar
  155. Raimondi PT (1992) Adult plasticity and rapid larval evolution in a recently isolated barnacle population. Biol Bull 182:210–220Google Scholar
  156. Ricciardi A, Rasmussen JB (1998) Predicting the identity and impact of future biological invaders: a priority for aquatic resource management. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 55:1759–1765Google Scholar
  157. Robins CR, Böhlke JE (1960) Pikea sericea, a synonym of the American centrarchid fish, Micropterus salmoides. Copeia 1960(2):147Google Scholar
  158. Robinson TA, Griffiths CL, McQuaid CD, Rius M (2005) Marine alien species of South Africa — status and impacts. Afr J Mar Sci 27:297–306Google Scholar
  159. Roller RA (1972) Three new species of eolid nudibranchs from the west coast of North America. Veliger 14:416–423Google Scholar
  160. Rosenberg G (2005) Malacolog 4.0: A database of Western Atlantic marine Mollusca. [WWW database (version 4.0.2)] URL http://data.acnatsci.org/waspGoogle Scholar
  161. Rotramel G (1972) Iais californica and Sphaeroma quoyanum, two symbiotic isopods introduced to California (Isopoda, Janiridae and Sphaeromatidae). Crustaceana(Suppl)3:193–197Google Scholar
  162. Roy MS, Sponer R (2002) Evidence of a human mediated invasion of the tropical western Atlantic by the “world's most common brittlestar.” Proc R Soc London B 269:1017–1023Google Scholar
  163. Russell FS (1953) The Medusae of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  164. Saltonstall K (2002) Cryptic invasion by a non-native genotype of the common reed, Phragmites australis, into North America. Proc Natl Acad Sci 99:2445–2449PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Sax DF, Stachowicz JJ, Gaines SD (eds) (2005) Species invasions. Insights into ecology, evolution, and biogeography. Sinauer, Sunderland, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  166. Schaefer CT, Lewin J (1984) Persistent blooms of surf diatoms along the Pacific coast, USA. Mar Biol 83:205–217Google Scholar
  167. Schuchert P (1996) Athecate hydroids and their medusae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). N Z Ocean Inst Mem 106Google Scholar
  168. Schuchert P (2004) Revision of the European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Families Oceanidae and Pachycordylidae. Rev Suisse Zool 111:315–369Google Scholar
  169. Schwindt E (2007) The invasion of the acorn barnacle Balanus glandula in the south-western Atlantic 40 years later. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 87:1219–1225Google Scholar
  170. Southward AJ, Burton RS, Coles SL, Dando PR, DeFelice RC, Hoover J, Parnell PE, Yamaguchi T, Newman WA (1998) Invasion of Hawaiian shores by an Atlantic barnacle. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 165:119–126Google Scholar
  171. Springer VG, Gomon MF (1975) Revision of the Blenniid fish genus Omobranchus with descriptions of three new species and notes on other species of the tribe Omobranchini. Smithsonian Contrib Zool 177:1–135Google Scholar
  172. Stachowicz JJ, Whitlatch RB, Osman RW (1999) Species diversity and invasion resistance in a marine ecosystem. Science 286:1577–1579PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Stachowicz JJ, Terwin JR, Whitlatch RB, Osman RW (2002a) Linking climate change and biological invasions: ocean warming facilitates nonindigenous species invasions. Proc Natl Acad Sci 99:15497–15499Google Scholar
  174. Stachowicz JJ, Fried H, Osman RW, Whitlatch RB (2002b) Biodiversity, invasion resistance, and marine ecosystem function: reconciling pattern and process. Ecology 83:2575–2590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Stock JH (1968) Pycnogonida collected by the Galathea and Anton Bruun in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening 131:7–65Google Scholar
  176. Stoddart HE, Lowry JK (2003) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Crustacea: Malacostraca: Peracarida: Amphipoda, Cumacea, Mysidacea. Volume 19.2B. CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  177. Strasser M (1999) Mya arenaria — an ancient invader of the North Sea coast. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen 52:309–324Google Scholar
  178. Strathmann MF, Strathmann RR (2006) A vermetid gastropod with complex intracapsular cannibalism of nurse eggs and sibling larvae and a high potential for invasion. Pacific Sci 60:97–108Google Scholar
  179. Straus S Y, Lau JA, Carroll SP (2006) Evolutionary responses of natives to introduced species: what do introductions tell us about natural communities. Ecol Lett 9:357–374Google Scholar
  180. Swennen C, Dekker R (1995) Corambe batava Kerbert, 1886 (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), an immigrant in the Netherlands, with a revision of the family Corambidae. J Moll Stud 61:97–107Google Scholar
  181. Taiti S, Ferrara F (1986) Taxonomic revision of the genus Littorophiloscia Hatch, 1947 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Oniscidea) with descriptions of six new species. J Natl Hist 20:1347–1380Google Scholar
  182. Taiti S, Howarth FG (1995) Terrestrial isopods from the Hawaiian Islands (Isopoda: Oniscidea). Occ Pap B P Bishop Mus 45:59–71Google Scholar
  183. Torrey HB (1902) The Hydroida of the Pacific coast of North America. Univ Calif Publ Zool 1:1–104Google Scholar
  184. Turner RD (1966) A survey and illustrated catalogue of the Teredinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard UnivGoogle Scholar
  185. Van Name WG (1936) The American land and fresh-water isopod Crustacea. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 71:1–535Google Scholar
  186. Van Name WG (1940) A supplement to the American land and fresh-water Isopod Crustacea. Bull Am Mus Natl Hist 77:109–142Google Scholar
  187. Van Name WG (1945) The North and South American ascidians. Bull Am Mus Natl Hist 84:Google Scholar
  188. Vervoort W (1964) Note on the distribution of Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) and Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771) in the Netherlands. Zool Mededel 39:125–146Google Scholar
  189. Vine PJ, Bailey-Brock JH, Straughan D (1972) Spirorbinae (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) of the Hawaiian chain. Part 2, Hawaiian Spirorbinae. Pacific Sci 26:150–182Google Scholar
  190. Walther AC, Lee T, Burch JB, Ó Foighil D (2006) Confirmation that the North American ancylid Ferrissia fragilis (Tryon, 1863) is a cryptic invader of European and East Asian freshwater ecosystems. J Moll Stud 72:318–321Google Scholar
  191. Wasson K, Fenn K, Pearse JS (2004) Habitat differences in marine invasions of central California. Biol Invas 7:935–948Google Scholar
  192. Watling L (1975) Remarks in: L. S. Kornicker, Spread of ostracodes to exotic environs on transplanted oysters. Bull Am Paleo 65:129–139Google Scholar
  193. Williams AB (1984) Shrimps, lobsters, and crabs of the Atlantic coast of the eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 550 ppGoogle Scholar
  194. Winston JE, Heimberg BF (1986) Bryozoans from Bali, Lombok, and Komodo. Am Mus Novit 2847:1–49Google Scholar
  195. Wyatt T, Carlton JT (2002) Phytoplankton introductions in European coastal waters: why are so few invasions reported? In: CIESM (Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la mer Mediterranée) Workshop Monographs no. 20, Monaco, pp 41–46Google Scholar
  196. Wolff WJ (2005) Non-indigenous marine and estuarine species in The Netherlands. Zool Meded 79Google Scholar
  197. Zabin CJ, Zardus J, Pitombo FB, Fread V, Hadfield MG (2007) A tale of three seas: consistency of natural history traits in a Caribbean-Atlantic barnacle introduced to Hawaii. Biol Invas 9:523–544Google Scholar
  198. Zibrowius H (1971) Les especes méditerranéennes du genre Hydroides (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) remarques sur le pretendu polymorphisme de Hydroides uncinata. Tethys 2:691–746Google Scholar
  199. Zimmerman EC (1948) Insects of Hawaii. Vol 3, Heteroptera. University of Honolulu Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maritime Studies ProgramWilliams College-Mystic SeaportMysticUSA

Personalised recommendations