Benign Disorders of the Breast
The cosmetic surgeon should know what the benign disorders of the breast consist of. The presence of benign breast diseases should be diagnosed prior to cosmetic breast surgery. A thorough history should be taken and a good breast examination performed. Preoperative mammography is necessary on any patient having breast surgery in order to determine whether benign disease is present, and if so, what needs to be done to treat it. Benign diseases of the breast include rash, nipple discharge, mass, calcifications, and some syndromes, such as Cowden’s disease, which carries a risk of breast cancer, and Weber–Christian syndrome, with benign subcutaneous masses that evolve into depressions.
KeywordsBreast Surgery Phyllode Tumor Nipple Discharge Benign Disorder Osseous Metaplasia
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Block GE, Zlatnik PA: Giant fibroadenoma of the breast in a prepubertal girl: a case report with observations of hormonal influences. Arch Surg 1960;80:665–669 PubMedGoogle Scholar
Rowell MD, Perry, RR, Jeng-Gwang H: Phyllodes tumors. Am J Surg 1993;165:376–379PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawling Pratt-Thomas H: Erosive adenomatosis of the nipple. J South Carolina Med Assoc 1968;64:37049Google Scholar
Goldman RL, Cooperman H: Adenoma of the nipple: a benign lesion simulating carcinoma clinically and pathologically. Am J Surg 1970;119(3):322–325 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
France CJ, O’Connell JP: Osseous metaplasia in the human mammary gland. Arch Surg 1970;100:238–239 PubMedGoogle Scholar
Brownstein MH, Wolf M, Bikowski JB: Cowden’s disease: a cutaneous marker of breast cancer. Cancer 1978;44:2393–2398 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaufman PA: Relapsing focal liponecrosis (Weber–Christian syndrome) of the breast. Arch Surg 1960;80: 219–223PubMedGoogle Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009